Stress and teens Stephanie Morgen Grades 9-12
The Body • Body needs homeostasis • Homeostasis: steady state • Homeostasis is disrupted during stress • Body does not remain in equilibrium • Health problems occur because of this • Stress Relieving Intro. Video
What is stress? • Forces affecting the individual • Internal/External • Physical, mental, or emotional strain/tension • Eustress vs. Distress
The Sympathetic Nervous System • “Fight or Flight” Response • Increased heart rate • Increased blood pressure • Increased alertness
Parasympathetic Nervous System • “Rest and Digest” system • Returning to a balanced/relaxed state • Slow heart rate • Pupils constrict
Eustress: “Good Stress” • Positive stress • Keeps a person healthy and happy • Stressors are challenges – not threats • Gives a feeling of fulfillment
Eustress Examples: What are YOUR positive stressors? Good Grades Birthday/Holidays New Job/Promotion
Distress: “Bad Stress” • Negatively affecting a person’s health • Strain/Anxiety/Suffering • Mental pain/anguish • Harms immune system and causes illness
Distress Examples: What are YOUR negative stressors? Homework/School Peer Pressure Job Loss
What causes YOU to stress? School Homework Exams Peer Pressure Sports Making Friends Other Family Jobs Body Changes Team Sports Sick/Lack of Sleep Ugh! Stress Stinks!
Physical Effects: • Stomachache • Headache • Sweating • Diarrhea • Fatigue • Nausea • Hives • Irritability • Aggression • Sex drive change • Muscle tension/pain
Emotional/Mental Effects: • Anxiety, restlessness, irritability, moodiness • Lack of motivation, indecisive • Sadness/depression, constantly worried • Forgetful, poor concentration I’m late!
Behavior Effects: • Overeating/under-eating • Drug/alcohol abuse Grrr.. • Angry outbursts • Social withdrawal • Nervous tics: • Nail biting, hair pulling, etc.
Stress Management: the 4 A’s • Avoid stressor • Alter stressor • Adapt to stressor • Accept the stressor
Avoid Stressor Alter Stressor Learn to say no Express feelings - Don’t keep in Control environment Be assertive - Discuss problems Create a schedule Time Management - To Do List Compromise
Adapt to Stressor Accept Stressor View other perspectives Look for the upside - Situation’s neg./pos. Adjust standards Share feelings - Be reasonable Focus on positive Be forgiving
Management Strategies: Relaxation time Enjoyable activity Connect with others Sense of humor/happy