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The 1970s

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The 1970s

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  1. The 1970s The Events that Shaped the Decade

  2. Domestic andWorld Events What in the World Made Us So Cynical?

  3. The Vietnam War 1955-1975 • A “military conflict” between Communist N. Vietnam and anti-Communist S. Vietnam • 58, 220 US Soldiers were killed • Brought anti-war protests and divided the US along 2 lines (usually generational)

  4. Economic Recession 1973-1975 • Record Unemployment meets record-high inflation • Caused by— • Vietnam War, • The 1973 Oil Crisis, • Competition from emerging countries competing with metal production • 1973-74 Stock Market Crash

  5. Kent State University 1970 • Peace rally broken up by Ohio National Guard • 4 unarmed students killed, 9 wounded • 67 rounds fired in 13 seconds

  6. Watergate Scandal (1972-74) • Break-in at the DNC headquarters • Cover-up by Nixon’s administration • 43 Federal Indictments • Resignation of the President

  7. Attica Prison Riot 1971 • Uprising and Over-taking of Attica Prison after a killing of a Black Activist Prisoner in San Quentin • Race--54% of prisoners were Black/100% of prison guards White • Prisoners demanded better conditions • 28 demands were eventually met • 39 dead (10 guards/ civilians)

  8. The Manson Murders • 1969—Tate/LaBianca murders in the Hollywood hills • Followers were white, upper-middle class • Brought fear to American families • Manson follower Squeaky Fromme went on to attempt assassination of Gerald Ford

  9. The Resulting Effect • Fear and distrust of authority • Cynicism • Shifting in gender roles • “dark” mood of the nation (pessimism) • Desensitization to violence • Desire to escape

  10. Social Climate How did world events change our culture?

  11. Empowerment of Women • More films told stories from the woman’s perspective • Reflects a more important role in society for women

  12. Empowerment of Women:contributing factors • Increased divorce rate • Vietnam • Birth Control Pills • Roe vs. Wade

  13. NOW and the ERA • The National Organization for Women sought the adoption of the Equal Rights Amendment • Guaranteed equal pay • Abortion Rights • Equalization in Representation

  14. The Sexual Revolution • Films began to address taboo issues regarding human sexuality • Homosexuality • Transgender issues • “Open” relationships • Adultery • Casual sex

  15. The Sexual Revolution:contributing factors • Women’s Movement • Gay Rights movement • Increased self-awareness • Roe vs. Wade • Increased divorce rates • Recession

  16. PsychoanalysisWhy do I do the things I do? • People began to enter into therapy and re-hab; the “self-help” movement was popularized • Films began to reflect the desire to understand one’s place in the “big picture” • Films became more introspective • New filmmakers emerged

  17. The Importance of the Arts • People found comfort and escape through the arts and entertainment • The arts became divisive—the pop culturists vs. the intelligentsia • Films began to reference other created resources, aligning with established audiences