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Unit 2 The Olympic Games

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  1. Unit 2 The Olympic Games

  2. 基础知识自测

  3. 一﹑单词拼写 请根据读音、词性和词义写出单词。 1. _________ ['steidiəm] n. 体育场 2.__________ ['æθli:t] n. 运动员 3.____________ [ə'pri:ʃieit] vt. & vi.感激, 感谢  4.__________ ['pəustə] n. 海报, 招贴, 脚夫 5. ____________ [dʒim'næstiks] n.& adj. 体操 6. _________ ['nauədeiz] ad. 现今, 现在 n. 现今, 当今 7. _________ [fain] n. 罚款,罚金 adj. 美好的v. 罚款 8 __________ [prins] n. 王子, 亲王 9. _________ [prin'sess] n. 公主, 王妃 10. ___________ [dʒim'neiziəm] n. 体育馆 stadium athlete appreciate poster gymnastics nowadays fine prince princess gymnasium 一般电脑都缺少音标字体,所以音标显示不正常 把金山音标拷贝到C:\WINDOWS\Fonts里边就可以正常显示音标了

  4. 11. __________ ['glɒ:ri] n. 光荣, 荣誉 12. __________ [swift] adj. 快的,迅速的 adv. 快速地 13. __________ ['həʊmlænd] n. 祖国 14. __________ [ri'sepʃən] n. 接待, 欢迎, 接受 15. __________ [di'zə:v] vi. 应该得到 vt. 应受,值得 16. __________ ['beisik] n. 基本,要素 17. __________ ['fu:liʃ] adj. 愚蠢的 18. __________ ['medl] n. 奖章,勋章, 纪念章 19. __________ [ri(:)'pleis] v. 取代 20. _______________ [kɒmpi'tiʃən] n. 竞争, 对抗 glory swift homeland reception deserve basic foolish medal replace competition

  5. 二﹑单词运用 根据句子的结构和意义,在空格处填入一个恰当的单词,或者用括号中所给词的适当形式填空。 1. When do you think China will ___________ the World Cup? 2. Can you tell me some differences between the ________ and modern Olympic Games? 3. The persons who take part in the games are called ____________. 4. No ________, no gains. 5. The lady ___________ with the trader till he would sell her the skirt cheaply. host/hold ancient competitors pains bargained

  6. 6. Tom failed to reach the required __________, so he did not qualify for the race. 7. She practiced __________(run) to take part in the basketball match. 8. Jill volunteered ____________ (organize) the petition. 9. We don’t allow __________ (smoke) in the office. 10. Do you think Hippomened deserved ___________ (win) the race? standard running toorganize smoking towin

  7. 三﹑词语派生 用括号中所给词的适当形式填空。 1. Most of the workers are making great progress but Jane seems a ___________ (hope) case. 2. Why not put some ________________ (advertise) in the local newspaper? 3. He is going to perform a ___________ (magical) at the party. 4. Your new shirt is _____________ (similarity) to mine. 5. When __________ (slave) was stopped in the British colonies, all the slave owners had to set their slaves free. hopeless advertisements magic similar slavery

  8. 6. “Come” is an ___________ (regular) verb. 7. Mike is ________________ (responsibility) for designing the entire project. 8. Last ___________ (admit) to the park are at 5:00 p.m. 9. Hawing is one of the great ______________ (physical) in the world. 10. Lots of people suffered from earthquake which used to be _______________ (predict). irregular responsible admissions physicists unpredictable

  9. 四﹑词组互译 将下列词组或短语翻译成中文或英语。 1. 结婚 ____________________________ 2. 骑马 ______________________________ 3. 为了……而竞赛______________________ 4. 也__________________________________ 5. 负责……,管理……____________________ 6. 答应某人做某事______________________ 7. 每隔一天____________________________ 8. 情绪高涨____________________________ 9.改变主意_____________________________ 10. 过去经常做某事_______________________ get/bemarried horseriding competefor aswell beinchargeof promisesb. to do sth. everyotherday inhighspirits changeone’smind usedtodosth.

  10. 老实地说 11. honestly speaking__________________________ 12. break a promise___________________________ 13. take the place of __________________________ 14. stand for _________________________________ 15. as a matter of fact__________________________ 16. hear of ______________________________ 17. as well as _______________________________ 18. have an interview with sb.__________________ 19. one after another __________________________ 20. play an important role/part in…___________________ 违背诺言 代替 代表,象征,支持 事实上 听说 和,既,又 与某人会见 一个接一个地 在……方面起重要作用

  11. 五﹑词组运用 (1)根据句子所提供的语境,从第四大题中选出一个适当的词组并用其适当形式填空。 1. Electric lights ______________________ candles. 2. Our football team __________________ the honour of our school in the coming match. 3. My father is the chief engineer. That is to say, he __________________ the project. 4. Computer __________________________________ our daily life. havetakentheplaceof willcompetefor isinchargeof isplayinganimportantpart/rolein

  12. (2)根据汉语意识,从上述短语中选出一个恰当的词组完成句子。(2)根据汉语意识,从上述短语中选出一个恰当的词组完成句子。 5.玛丽和彼特结婚已有十年多了。 Mary and Peter __________________ for more than 10 years. 6.爸爸答应了我不再吸烟,但最后他还是没有做到。 My father _____________________ smoke, but finally he _________________. (3)从上述短语中选出恰当的词组翻译下列句子。 7. W.T.O. 代表什么呢? ______________________________________________ havebeenmarried hadpromisedmenotto brokethepromise Whatdoes “W.T.O.” stand for?

  13. 8. 你听说过那个儿子在战争中去世的老妇人吗? ______________________________________________ _____________________________________________ 9. 格林先生和他的两个孩子都已经去伦敦了。 ______________________________________________ _____________________________________________ 10. 以前在我家乡有很多树,但现在大部分已经被砍掉了。 _____________________________________________________________________________________ Have you heard of the old lady whose son died in the war? Mr. Green as well as his two children has been to London. Thereused to be lots of trees in my hometown but nowadays most of them have been cut down.

  14. Language Data Bank

  15. In 2004 Athens Olympic Games, Liu Xiang competed in 110-meter hurdle race(跨栏)with many top competitors (athletes) for gold medals, and he won it as well as honor. compete with/ against sb. 和…竞争 in 在…中竞争 for sth. 为… 而竞争 compete (v.) competition (n.) competitor (n.) competitive (adj.)

  16. I hope all of us can compete ____race / running. in I know my English cannot compete _____ ______ his. against with / Our class competed ___________ class9 ___ tug of war(拔河) ____ the honor of the winning. with/against in for

  17. competitor compete competition How many Chinese competitorscompeted in the competition? 有多少中国运动员参加了这次比赛?

  18. take part in (正式) + 运动/ 罢工/ 运动会/ 战争/游戏/ 试验/ 谈话(不可用于被动语态) join (非正式)+ 团体, 活动成为一员+ 参军/ 入党/ 入团 join in (正在进行的活动, 有时=take part in ) attend (= be present at 出席) 参加(会议、听课、报告、婚丧礼等)

  19. take part (in) 参加,参与(活动)=join in • take an active part in…积极参与…… • join 加入(某党派、某组织或某社会团体) • join in 参加,参与(活动) • join sb. 和某人一起…… • join sb in sth./doing sth. 和某人一起做…… take part in/join in e.g. May I __________________ the game? e.g. _________the Party/ League/ army/ a club join join us in e.g.Why not ___________playing basketball? (和我们一起打篮球)

  20. 比较: take part in ; join in ; join ; attend Last weekend I ___________a wedding. Today women are now______________________ social activities. Would you like to _____ us _____our game: His brother __________the army last year. attended taking an active part in joinin joined

  21. Pausanias, who was a Greek writer 2,000 years ago, has come on a magical journey… to find outaboutthe present-day Olympic Games. (P9) Pausanias是2000前的一位希腊作家,他做了一次魔幻的旅行,来打听当代奥林匹克运动会的情况。 go/start/ come/ be on a journey进行旅行 My father is away on a journey. find out about 弄清有关……的情况 The police are trying hard to find out about the accident.

  22. 过去我们常在一起玩. We used to play together. 她习惯睡前喝一杯牛奶. She is used to drinking a glass of milk before she goes to bed. I used to write about the Olympic Games a long time ago. used to do过去常常做... be/get used to (doing) sth. 习惯于 be used to do被用来做

  23. 1). We ____ in touch with each other by writing letters. A. were used to keep B. used to keep C. were used to keeping D. used to keeping 2). Now I ____ stories to my son every night. A. used to reading B. am used to read C. am used to reading D. used to read 3). Wood can ____ furniture. A. be used to making B. be used to make B. used to make D. be used to making B C B

  24. --How often do you hold your games? --________________. There are two main _______ Games—the Winter and the Summer Olympics. Every four years sets of

  25. every four years : 每四年或每隔三年 every 与数词连用表示 “ 每… 每隔 … 基数词+复数名词 every 序数词+单数名词 every five years, every fifth year 每五年: e.g. every four meters, every fourth meter 每隔三米: every two years: 每两年, 或每隔一年 every second year every other year every few years 每隔几年

  26. Usually, medicine should be taken _____________________________.(每四小时) Some of you go back home _______________________ _____ _.(每隔一个星期) He likes reading very much, so he goes to the bookshop________________. (每隔几天) every four hours / every fourth hour every two weeks /every other week / every second week every few days

  27. Was he admitted as a competitor to Beijing Olympic Games? 1. be admitted as“作为…被接受” to/into“让…进入”(school… ) 2. “承认,供认; 允许” admit doing sth. 承认做某事 He admitted making a serious mistake. her to play his toy. . admit sb.to dosth. 允许某人做某事 admit sth.承认某事 his mistake. admit sth./sb. to be承认某人是…… 参加奥运会是每一个运动员的梦想.(admit) Being admitted into/to the Olympic Games is the dream of every athlete.

  28. She ________ having read the letter.(承认) admitted was admitted to He______________ the club after his tenth try. (被批准参加 ). was admitted as He ______________ a member of the baseball team . (被接收 )

  29. practice Choose the best answer. 1. The thief admitted ______ his wallet. A.to steal B. stealing C. to have stolen D. having stolen 2. His parents admitted him ______ his classmate’ s birthday party. A. to take part in B. taking part in C. to take part D. taking part

  30. Our Greek cities used to compete against each other just_________________winning. for the honor of for the honor of in the honor of It is an honor (for sb.) to do sth. 为了…的荣誉 为庆祝…/为纪念 … 某人做某事感到很荣幸

  31. 4. No other country could join in, norcould slaves or women. 其他国家都不能参加,奴隶和妇女也不行。 1)nor 用作连词,引起倒装句,意为“也不…”。 He never went again, nor did he write to apologize. I don’t know, nor do I care. I have never been dishonest, nor do I mean to start being so now.

  32. 2) neither/nor +倒装结构(be/情态动词/助动词+主语), 表示前面提到的否定情况也适用于另一个人或事物“也不” neither/nor will he. neither nor did I He can’t do it. I can’t do it, either. =He can’t do it, nor can I. I will not go there, ______________ _______ (他也不会去). You never heard from him, _______ ________.(我也没有收到他的来信).

  33. Nor / Neither + 助动词 +主语 …也一样…(否定句) So +助动词+主语 …也一样…(肯定句) so+主语+助动词 …确实这样 I didn’t go there. _______________ she. (她也是) (2). She was a teacher. _______ I. (我也是这样。) (3). I got up early this morning. _________. (我确实起得早) Nor /neither did So was So I did

  34. Make sentences using So … sb. Neither/ Nor ..sb. Yao Ming Yi Jianlian VS

  35. Women are not onlyallowed , but (also) play a very important role in… 1) allow sb sth 允许某人某事 2) allow sb in (out) 允许某人进入(出去) 3) allow sb to do sth 允许某人做某事 (不能说allow to do) 4) allow doing sth 允许做某事 5) be allowed to do sth 被允许做某事

  36. 汉译英: 在候车室乘客不允许吸烟。 Passengers ( ) in the waiting room. 我们不许在这里吸烟。 We don’t ( ). are not allowed to smoke allow smoking here

  37. not only… but also… 1). ____ snacks and drinks, but they also brought cards when they had a picnic. A. Not only they brought B. Not only did they bring C. Not only brought they D. Not only they did bring 2). Not only he but also I ____. A. is cheated B. are cheated C. am cheated D. be cheated B C

  38. For each Olympics, a special village is built for them to live in, a main reception building, several stadiums for competitions, and a gymnasiumas well. as well too either also I am also a student.= I am a students, too. Lucy didn’t go to the party, either. Tony speaks Japanese as well. She has knowledge and experience as well. 用在肯定句中,放在句子末尾 肯定句中用,放在句子末尾,常用逗号隔开 否定句中用,放句子末尾,常用逗号隔开 放在特殊动词之后,实义动词之前

  39. as well as常用来连接两个并列的成分,作“也,还”解。它强调的是前一项,后一项只是顺便提及。因此连接并列主语时,谓语动词与前一项一致;而用not only ...but also...连接时,谓语动词与后一项一致。如: Your wife as well as you is friendly to me.不仅你而且你的妻子也对我很友好。(=Not only your wife but also you are friendly to me.) 2、as well as 用来表示同级比较,指“一样好”。如:He plays the guitar as well as you.他的吉他弹得和你一样好。

  40. 1). Yao Ming is good at playing basketball and he does well in learning foreign languages ____. A. as well B. as well as C. also D. either 2) E-mail, as well as the telephones, ________ an important part in daily communication. • is playing B. have played • C. are playing D. play

  41. Does anyone want to host the Olympic Games? Vt. 主办 She is hosting a TV program. She works as a hostess in CCTV-5 sometimes. n. 女主持人 主持人 host Vt.主持

  42. host n./ vt. China is the host country of 2008 Olympic Games. • The host, Mr Brown, is in the kitchen. n. 主人 B. The host team defeated the guest team finally. n. 东道主,主办者 C. Today’s conference is hosted by our school. D. Guo Jingjing hosts the program in CCTV-5 sometimes. vt. 主办 vt. 主持

  43. farther 距离或时间上更远的, 是指具体的 further 更远的 (=farther);程度上进一步的,是指抽象的 e.g. We can’t go any farther without a rest. e.g. We must get further information. e.g. We need take further step to deal with the matter. It’s still all about being able to run faster, jump higher and throw further.

  44. Finish and enjoy useful sentences competes with/against 1.Because she____________________ no one, no one can___________________ her. compete with/against 以其不争,故天下莫能与之争。---老子 2.Defeat never comes to any man until he a_____ it. admits 人只要不认输就不会失败.—谚语

  45. Finish and enjoy useful sentences 3.It is unbearable(难以忍受的) to meet, and to depart(分离) ___________. as well 相见时难别亦难。 4.I close my eyes when thinking that one day someone else can r______me in your heart… replace 我会发着呆然后忘记你 接着紧紧闭上眼 想着那一天会有人代替 --周杰伦<轨迹 > 5.If you ask me how much I love you, the moonlight s_____ __ my heart! stands for -- 齐秦<月亮代表我的心>

  46. 6. The most important thing is to___ ____ __ the games. --Olympic Motto 7. Friendship comes the first, c__________ the second. --Olympic Motto take part in competition

  47. Language points for reading II

  48. marry结婚,嫁,娶 ※ 她去年嫁给了一个富有的法国人 She a rich Frenchman last year _________ A married to B married with C married D was married ※ 她将于下个月和他男朋友结婚 She will her boy friend next month _____________ A marry to B C marry with D married get married to ※ 她和 Tom 结婚已经两年了 She has Tom for two years _________________ A been married to B got married to C married D married to ◆A marry B A 和B 结婚 ◆A get married to B A 和B 结婚 (强调动作) ◆A be married to B A 和B 结婚 (强调状态) 已婚

  49. —Why did she break away from her family? —Because she wouldn’t _____ that young man. A. marry with B. marry C. marry to D. married to B

  50. 1. bargain vi. 讨价还价;讲条件 n. 便宜货 • He made a satisfactory bargain with them. 他和他们做了一笔满意的交易。 2) He bargained with them for the property.  他就财产与他们进行商议。 3) The salesman refused to bargain over the price.  推销员拒绝讨价还价。