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Cholesterol Counts. What you should know about your cholesterol . Today We’ll Talk about…. What cholesterol is Why worry about it Cholesterol tests Terminology Improving your numbers. Cholesterol Is…. A waxy, fat-like substance Found in all cell surfaces in our bodies
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Cholesterol Counts What you should know about your cholesterol
Today We’ll Talk about… • What cholesterol is • Why worry about it • Cholesterol tests • Terminology • Improving your numbers
Cholesterol Is… • A waxy, fat-like substance • Found in all cell surfaces in our bodies • Transported through our blood http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=512
What Does Cholesterol Do? • Insulates nerves • Makes hormones that send signals between cells • Helps with the digestion of fats
Where Do We Get Cholesterol? • Our bodies make all the cholesterol we need. • We also get cholesterol from foods we eat.
Blood Cholesterol Levels Increase By Eating These Products • Animal products • Meat • Beef • poultry, • fish, etc. • Dairy • milk, • eggs, • cheese, • yogurt, etc.
Blood Cholesterol Levels Increase By Eating These Products • Vegetable products contain: • Saturated and • Trans Fat Foods • Vegetable shortening or hydrogenated fat • Vegetable margarines • Snack foods • Cookies • Crackers • Frozen or other prepared foods
Why Worry about Cholesterol? • Blood cholesterol can stick to the sides of arteries. • Blockages can form. • It can lead to serious medical problems: • Heart attack and • Stroke. http://www.fda.gov/fdac/features/1999/199_chol.html
Do I Have High Cholesterol? • A blood test can tell you your blood cholesterol levels.
Who Should Be Tested? • Anyone over the age of 20 • At least every five years • More often as determined by your doctor
Words to Know • HDL • Good Cholesterol • Carries cholesterol away from your arteries • LDL • Bad Cholesterol • Builds up in arteries • Triglycerides • Fats • Builds up in arteries http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=180
What Does my Total Cholesterol Mean? • 200-239 mg/dL http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=183
Improving Your Levels • Exercise • Improved diet • Maintain a healthy weight • Quit smoking • Possibly cholesterol drugs http://mayoclinic.com/health/high-blood-cholesterol/DS00178/DSECTION=9
Diet • Reduce your intake of fats and cholesterols. • Increase your intake of fruits and vegetables. • Add more fiber. • Eat low-fat or fat-free dairy products. • Avoid eating too many calories.
Exercise • 30 minutes a day • 4+ times a week
Cholesterol Drugs • Talk to your doctor, and follow his/her advice.
Questions? Educational programs of the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service are open to all people without regard to race, color, sex, disability, religion, age, or national origin. The Texas A&M University System, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the County Commissioners Courts of Texas Cooperating