Average Kinetic Energy of a Molecule Thermal Physics Lesson 7
Learning Objectives • Derive an expression to calculate the average kinetic energy of a molecule.
Mean kinetic energy The mean kinetic energy of a molecule is the total kinetic energy of all the molecules/total number of molecules. The root mean square speed is defined as: …and so the mean kinetic energy of one molecule is gvien by…
Mean Kinetic Energy Note we have two equations with pV on the left hand side. (N=nNA) The Boltzmann constant, k, is defined as R/NA.
Mean Kinetic Energy Multiply both sides by 3/2. Mean kinetic energy of a molecule of an ideal gas. Kinetic energy of one mole of gas (because R=NAk) Kinetic energy of n moles of gas.