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Learning Targets Urban Geography

Learning Targets Urban Geography

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Learning Targets Urban Geography

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  1. Learning Targets Urban Geography PRE- Test Part 1
  2. 1. Urbanization A The process of people living and working in cities B The process of people living and working in rural areas C The process of people living and working in foreign lands D I have heard of it but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  3. 2. Nucleated form of Settlement A. Cities have a center area of development B Cites do NOT have a center area of development C Cities have developed near nuclear power plants D I have heard of it but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of it
  4. Nucleated form of Settlement
  5. 3. Core Area A The center area of a city B The perimeter are of a city C The area of a city where food is grown D I have heard of it but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  6. 4. Dispersed form of Settlement A Areas where houses are far a part, usually in rural areas B Areas where houses are close together C Areas where most houses are high rise condos D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning
  7. 5. Threshold A. The minimum number of people need to meet the needs of an industry, such as the minimum number of people to support and NFL or NBA team B The maximum number of people need to meet the needs of an industry, such as the minimum number of people to support and NFL or NBA team C The entrance to a city or developed area D I have heard of it but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  8. 6. Medieval Cities A. Middle age cities in Europe B Middle age cities in Asia C Middle age cities in Africa D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  9. Medieval Cities
  10. 7. Indigenous Cities A Cities constructed before colonization B Cities constructed before colonization C Cities constructed during colonization D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  11. Indigenous Cities
  12. 8. Hydraulic Cities A Cities that construct a water system to provide running water and sewer services B Cities that use hydroelectric power C Cites that use hydrogen to run power plants D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  13. 9. Commercialization A The selling of goods and services for a profit B The selling of goods and services at a loss C The donating of goods and services D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard the term
  14. 10. Basic Industry A A city forming industry such as cars for Detroit and computers for San Jose, Ca. B Industry that provides just the necessary services for a city C Industry that is city-serving D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  15. 11. Non-Basic Industry A City-serving industry that may include anything from construction to industrial equipment B An industry that is city forming C An industry that is done off shore D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  16. 12. Employment structure A. The type of jobs found in a city such as tertiary or quaternary activities B The employment and unemployment rate in a city C The rate of job growth in a city D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have not heard the term
  17. 14. Post-Industrial City A A City shifts to specializing in information-based work B A City shifts to industrial posting activities C A city shifts to posting of industrial jobs D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term.
  18. 14. Deindustrialization A The shift of a city to more specialized economic activities. B The shift of a city to more industrial activity C The shift of a city to intensive industrial activity D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  19. 15. Underemployment A City where many workers are working in jobs less than full time and or in jobs lower than they are qualified to perform B The employment of workers in underground activities C The unemployment rate of a city D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  20. 16. Unincorporated Areas A Usually rural areas of a county not part of a city B An area of the city with many corporations C An area of the city with few corporations D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  21. 17. Hamlets A Urban area with only a few dozen people clustered around a small urban center B Urban area with many peope and shopping centers C Urban area specializing in the sale and production of ham D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  22. 18. Village A Urban area with more than a general store having several stores specializing in the sale of food, clothing, furniture, etc B Urban area that may include thousands of people C Urban area of large land aarea D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  23. 19. Towns A May consist of 50 to a few thousand people B Large areas of open space around farms C Unincorporated areas of a county D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have not heard of the meaning
  24. 20. Cities A Large densely populated area with tens of thousands of people B Large sparsely populated areas around farms C Unincorporated areas of a county D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  25. 21. Metropolises A Large population and large area that includes cities and suburbs B Small population in a sparse area C Medium population in a small area D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  26. 22. Megaloplis A The biggest urban area when several metropolitan areas are linked together B The smallest urban area when several towns are de-linked C The middle sized urban area with no linkage D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  27. 23. Hinterland A The area around farms B The area around resort areas C The area around military bases D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  28. 24. World Cities and Great Cities A Cities that dominate other cities in a region based on economics, population and influence over an extended area B Cites that are international cities and not part of a country C Cities that have large international airports D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  29. 25. Urban Hierarchy A The ranking of cities based on their importance to world commerce and amenities B The order that cities hire people for international jobs C The umber of cites with archery facilities D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have not heard of the term
  30. 26. First Order Cities A Cities that are at at the top of the urban hierarchy B Cities that are in the second of the urban hierarchy C Cities that are third of the urban hierarchy D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have not heard of the meaning
  31. 27. Beta World Cities A Second order cites such as San Francisco, US; Sydney Aus; etc. B Third order cities such as Dallas, Houston, Boston, USA; C Fourth order cities such as New York, USA; Paris France, etc D I have heard of this term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of this term
  32. 28. Gamma World Cities A Third order cities such as Dallas, Houston, Boston, USA; B Second order cites such as San Francisco, US; Sydney Aus; etc. C Fourth order cities such as New York, USA; Paris France, etc D I have heard of this term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of this term
  33. 29. Emerging Cities A Cities experiencing population growth as well as economic and political clout throughout a region B Cities experiencing population decline as well as declines in economic and political clout throughout a region C Cities that are experiencing population explosions D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  34. 30. Gateway Cities A Cites that connect two areas and serve as a portal between them B Cities that separate two areas and serve as a barrier between them C Cities that control large areas of territory D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  35. 31. Festival Landscape A Space within an urban environment that can accommodate a large number of people B Space within an urban environment that can only accommodate a small number of people C Space within a rural area that can only accommodate a small number of people D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  36. 33. Central Business District CBD A The commercial center of an urban area B The religious center of an urban area C The educational center of an urban area D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  37. Central Business District CBD
  38. 33. Bid-Rent-Theory A Theory that land value decreases as you move further out from the central business district B Theory that land values increase as you move out from the central business district C Theory that land values do not change in value as you move from the central business district D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have not heard of the term
  39. 34. Grid Street System A Streets run North and South and East and West B Streets are grouped by belts around the CBD C Streets are banded based on GPS coordinates D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have not heard of the term
  40. 35. Suburbs A Located on the outskirts of a central city B Located in the center of the city C Located in the rural areas away from cities D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have not heard of the term
  41. 36. Four Stages of U.S. Cities A Stages are related to types of transportation B Stages are related to types of industry C Stages are related to types of immigrants D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  42. 37. Zoning Laws A Laws that determine how land and buildings can be used B Laws that determine the speed limits for parts of a city C Laws that determine the voting districts of a city D I have heard of the term but do not know the term E I have never heard of the term
  43. 38. Residential Zoning A zones where houses may be built B Zones where business may be built C Zones where manufacturing plants may be built D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  44. 39. Commercial Zoning A Zones where business may be built B Zones where houses may be built C Zones where manufacturing plants may be built D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  45. 40. Industrial Zoning A Zones where manufacturing plants may be built B Zones where houses may be built C Zones where business may be built D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  46. 41. Dendritic Pattern A City streets laid out like a root system of a tree B City streets laid out like petals of a flower C City streets laid out like blades of grass D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have not heard of the term
  47. 42. Greenbelts A Area set aside in a natural state to prevent development B Areas that surround a city like belts where green energy is produced C Areas that surround a city that manufacture green belts D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  48. 43. In-Filling A Process where cites that are close together grow together B Process where cities merge landfill operations to save money C Process where cities create new land by backfilling D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have not heard of the term
  49. 44. Urban Growth Rates A The rate at which cities increase their population B The rate at which cities increase their land area C The rate at which cities increase their zoning D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have not heard of the term
  50. 45. Latin American City Model A Structure includes a spine of high income residential areas that extend outward from the CBD with squatter settlements on the edges B Structure where the city fans out from a port zone C Much of the city layout is based on the Koran D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I do not know the terms meaning
  51. Latin American City Model
  52. Latin American City ModelQuito, Ecuador
  53. 46. Squatter Settlements A Areas of a city that have extreme poverty and squalor, usually located on the edge of a city B Areas of a city with high income usually located in the CBD C Areas of a city with a high number of equestrians D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have not heard of the term and do not know the meaning
  54. 47. Favelas A The term for squatter settlements in Brazil B The term for squatter settlements in China C The term for squatter settlements in Canada D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have not heard of the term and do not know the meaning
  55. 48. Barriadias A The term for squatter settlements in Latin America B The term for squatter settlements in Australia C The term for squatter settlements in Asia D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have not heard of the term and do not know the meaning
  56. 49. South East Asia City Model A The structure of the city starts with the port zone and fans out from there. B The structure of the city starts out with religious zone and the city circles it C The structure of the city starts with a bazaar and D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have not heard of the term and do not know the meaning
  57. South East Asia City Model
  58. South East Asia City ModelHong Kong, China
  59. 50. Entropots A Cites that re-export goods produced elsewhere to all parts of the globe, Ex. Singapore B Cities that import good from all over the globe C Cities that export goods from all over the globe D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have not heard of the term and do not know the meaning
  60. 51. Office Parks A Agglomeration of commercial buildings that share the infrastructure of: phones, internet and transportations service. B Parks set aside for office workers to enjoy nature C The common parking lots for workers in high rise building D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have not heard of the term and do not know the menaing
  61. 52. Situation Advantages A Access to infrastructure that allows companies to prosper B Good location for schools and public buildings C Used primarily by cities with large port facilities D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have not heard of the term
  62. 53. Megacities A Cities with over 10 million people B Cities with over 20 million people C Cities with over 30 million people D I do not know
  63. 54. High Tech Corridors A The agglomeration of technology companies locating office in the same area such as Silicon Valley B Areas where high speed internet cables are granted easements C Decentralizing of technology companies to avoid disruption of services D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  64. 55. Islamic Cities A Cities primarily found in the Middle East where Islam is the major religion B Cites where Islam is the primary religion C Cities where Islam is the official religion D I have hard of the term but I do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  65. Islamic CitiesCairo, Egypt
  66. 56. Jani A The primary mosque in a city B The layout of an Islamic city C The slum area of an Islamic city D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  67. 57. Bazaar A An area of an Islamic city that takes up several city block selling anything from produce to carpets and clothing. B The area where most mosques in a city are located C An area of a city that does not have any mosques D I have heard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  68. 58. Colonial CBD A The headquarters of a colonial government is found here mainly in West Africa B The central business district of a city using colonial architecture C The central business district of a colonizing country that deals with its colonies D I have heard of the term but do nont know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  69. 59. Market or Bazaar CBD A The primary layout of the African central business district B The primary layout of the Asian central business district C The primary layout of the European central business district D I have hard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  70. 60. Concentric Zone Model A US city model that assumes lower economic status people live closer to the center of a city and higher economic status people live in the outer zones because they can afford to commute to work. B US city model that assumes higher economic status people live closer to the center of a city and lower economic status people live in the outer zones because land is cheaper C A US city model that puts the value of land at its core D I have hard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  71. 61. Peak Land Value Intersection A. The area with the greatest land value and commercial value. B The highest elevation area of a city and the highest land value C The cross section of a city based on land value D I have hard of the term but do not know the meaning E I have never heard of the term
  72. Concentric Circle Model
  73. Concentric Zone Model City
  74. Silicon Valley A Location of lots of plastic surgeons B San Jose Ca C Upstate New York D Stuttgart Germany E None
  75. Tenements A Slums B Apartments C Condos D All E none
  76. Urban Sprawl A Growth of of a city with out plan, like a blob around the city. Puts stains on city service like police and fire B The green areas around a city that development is prohibited C The movement of people to the suburbs D All E None
  77. Edge Cities A Cities that keep up with the current trends B Cites that have most every thing that a city has and are located in the suburbs C Cites the are set up on an Edge Line Layout D All E none
  78. 68. Sector Model of a city Developed by Hoyt in 1939: cities laid out based on income class and transportation rather than distance from CBD
  79. Multiple Nuclei Model of City Established by Harris & Ulman in 1945: Urban growth independent of the CBD rather on where opportunities for growth occur: E.G. airports occur on out skirts of city because of space, noise and pollution consideration; Certain industries locate around a port; more fast food, bookstores, coffee shops around colleges
  80. Urban Sprawl
  81. Central Place Theory of Cities Christaller established 1933 on Southern Germany ; equal topography and transportation people will travel least distance for service needs (range). Cities laid out like a honey comb.
  82. Primate City Twice the size of next largest city in a country. Center of economics, culture and politics. E.G. Paris, London, Bangkok, Thailand; Buenos Aires, Argentina. (Note: the USA does not have a primate city though New York would qualify on description but Not being twice the size of the next largest city in a country
  83. White Flight Movement of white middle class people away from the inner city due to fear of non-whites moving in. Occurred in the USA in 1950s and 60s
  84. Blockbusting Real estate agents scare residents in to seel houses due to fear of non-whites moving into a neighborhood. Occurred in the USA in 1950s and 60s
  85. Redlining Refusal banks to lend money in certain areas of a city (usually minority neighborhoods) literally drawing red lines around parts of a city they would not lend money
  86. Gentrification Process of wealthy people moving into inner-city neighborhoods, making improvements causing prices to rise and poorer residents forced to move out. E.G. Springfield in Jacksonville