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Tiny Technologies

Tiny Technologies

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Tiny Technologies

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  1. Tiny Technologies Overview by Joost Bonsen * jpbonsen@alum.mit.edu • The Speculative Possibilities • Work at MIT • The Money • Business Implications • Further Sources

  2. Tiny = ? • Micro through Nano in size / length scale • MEMS, NEMS, PEMS, Molectronics, Spintronics, Photonics, optoelectronics… • Nano + tubes, wires, crystals, balls, logic, rods, gears, engines… • Molecular Engineering, Biological Engineering… http://cjmems.seas.ucla.edu/ http://www.foresight.org/

  3. Feynman’s Vision There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom! http://www.zyvex.com/nanotech/feynman.html Dec 1959 Talk at APS / CalTech http://www.photosynthesis.com/RICHARD_F.html

  4. Drexler’s Engine’s of Creation http://www.foresight.org/EOC/ 1985 Book while at MIT Dismissed often as “Pure SF”

  5. Drawing Inspiration & More from Biology • Ribosomes • Flagellar Motors • Muscles • … http://www.rcsb.org/pdb/molecules/pdb10_1.html http://www.rae.org/revev6.html http://www.kapili.com/f/art/filament1.gif http://www2.physics.ox.ac.uk/biophysics/Intro.html http://www.ai.mit.edu/people/tk/ce/flagella-s.gif http://gened.emc.maricopa.edu/bio/bio181/BIOBK/BioBookAnimalTS.html

  6. m 10-10 10-9 10-8 10-7 10-6 10-5 10-4 10-3 10-2 red blood cell ~5 m (SEM) diatom 30 m Dimensions in Silicon and in Biology DNA proteins nm Simple molecules <1nm bacteria 1 m SOI transistor width 0.12m semiconductor nanocrystal (CdSe) 5nm Circuit design Copper wiring width 0.2m Nanometer memory element (Lieber) 1012 bits/cm2 (1Tbit/cm2) IBM PowerPC 750TM Microprocessor 7.56mm×8.799mm 6.35×106 transistors Source: Molecular Machines (Jacobson) Group

  7. Tiny Tech @ MIT • Research Centers • Unifying Projects • Faculty & Principal Investigators

  8. Tiny Research Centers • MTL • MPC • CBE • SNL • CBA • ISN …several others

  9. Microsystems Technology Labs http://www-mtl.mit.edu/mtlhome/ • MEMS • CAD • Materials • Fabrication Schmidt

  10. MicroTurbine Project http://www.economist.com/

  11. Materials Processing Center http://web.mit.edu/mpc/www/ • Advanced materials • Processes • Properties • Fabrication Kimmerling

  12. Center for Biomedical Engineering http://web.mit.edu/cbe/www/ • Molecular Engineering • Cell & Tissue Engineering • Physiological Systems Engineering Grodzinsky

  13. Space Nanotechnology Lab http://snl.mit.edu/ • Space Imaging • High-Performance Schattenburg

  14. http://cba.mit.edu/ from atomic nuclei to global networks Nanofab, Biofab, Macrofab Gershenfeld http://cba.mit.edu/docs/01.04.cbaproposal.pdf

  15. Institute for Soldier Nanotechnology • Protective Suits • Human Augmentation http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/nr/2002/isn.html Thomas “It sounds a lot like Science Fiction!” -- MIT Student & Comic Book Fan http://www.horizoncomics.com/radix/

  16. Tiny Faculty (a Sampling) • Slocum • Hunter • Subresh • Ortiz • Jacobson • Manalis • Ippen • Smith • Knight • Sasisekharan • Endy • Hammond • Lauffenberger • …many more

  17. Precision Engineering http://pergatory.mit.edu/ Flextesters Slocum Group http://www-me.mit.edu/people/personal/slocum.htm

  18. Bioinstrumentation / Nanorobotics Hunter Group http://biorobotics.mit.edu/

  19. Cellular Solids Research Gibson Group http://web.mit.edu/dmse/csg/Research.htm

  20. NanoMechanical Testing http://web.mit.edu/nanolab/ Subresh Group http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/nr/2002/nanolab.html

  21. Nanomechanics Ortiz Group http://web.mit.edu/cortiz/www/

  22. Molecular Machinery RF Biology Jacobson Group Printed Electronics http://www.media.mit.edu/molecular/

  23. Nanoscale Sensing / Silicon Biology Manalis Group http://www.media.mit.edu/nanoscale/

  24. Molecular Self-Assembly http://web.mit.edu/edgerton/felice/ Zhang Group http://web.mit.edu/lms/www/index.shtml

  25. Functional Glycomics Sasisekharan Group http://functionalglycomics.mit.edu/cgi-bin/functional_glycomics/homepage.cgi http://web.mit.edu/tox/sasisekharan/

  26. Lithographed Nanostructures Smith Group http://nanoweb.mit.edu/ http://rleweb.mit.edu/rlestaff/p-hsmith.htm

  27. Femtosecond Optics “pulses … sufficiently short duration to capture the motion of particles in the atomic and subatomic regime” http://rleweb.mit.edu/Publications/webfeatures/Ippen_Killian.htm Ippen Group http://rleweb.mit.edu/Publications/currents/cur11-2/11-2optics.htm http://web.mit.edu/mphotonics/www/index.shtml

  28. Microbial Engineering / Cellular Robotics / Synthetic Biology Knight Group http://www.ai.mit.edu/people/tk/ce/microbial-engineering.html

  29. Systems Biology Endy Lab http://web.mit.edu/biology/www/facultyareas/facresearch/endy.shtml

  30. MacroMolecular Synthesis Hammond Group http://web.mit.edu/hammond/lab/index.html

  31. Biological Engineering / Bioengineering Lauffenberger http://web.mit.edu/beh/whatisbeh.htm

  32. Tiny Money • Billions in research • NNI $600M in 2002, vs $420M in 2001 • http://www.infocastinc.com/Nanotech/home.htm • http://nano.gov/ • http://nano.gov/2003budget.html • Millions in VC • Polaris, DFJ • Corporate Venturing • Still early days

  33. Tiny Business Implications • Profitable Product Lines in MEMS • Startups in Nano

  34. Successful MEMS Products • TI’s Digital Mirror Device • ADI’s Accelerometer

  35. TI’s Digital Mirror Device http://www.vxm.com/TI4.jpg

  36. ADI’s Crash Bag Accelerometer http://www.citizen.org/fireweb/airbag.jpg http://www.sandia.gov/mems/micromachine/analog_snl.html

  37. Selected MEMS Startups • Iridigm • MicroCHIPS • E-Ink • Flexics • Memgen • Plastilogic • Rolltronics

  38. Selected Nano Startups • OmniGuide • SurfaceLogix • Nanosys • EngeneOS • Calmec • Molecular Electronics • Zyvex • Nanopto • Nanotechtonics

  39. Big Business Investments • Xerox – e.g. Eink competitor • IBM – deep investments • Big Pharma • Medical Devices – e.g. J&J + Medtronics • HP spinoff Agilent – Nano LabChip

  40. Dangers of Over-Hype • Like AI in 80’s • Some things are fundamentally hard • Progress is rather bursty

  41. MIT Sources MIT’s David Ward has a Nanotech pointer site, very good: http://web.mit.edu/dwward/www/nanotechnology/nanotechnology.htm The MIT Alum Association openDOOR February edition was on Tiny Technologies, very nice, very comprehensive: http://alumweb.mit.edu/opendoor/200202/ MIT’s Technology Review does a stellar job of covering ever smaller-scale Engineering: http://www.techreview.com/articles/nannan.asp

  42. Commercial Sources • Nanotech Planet • http://www.nanotech-planet.com/ • Zyvex has a comprehensive Nano site • http://www.zyvex.com/nano/ • ACRS NanoTech • http://cr.org/

  43. Other Sources • Foresight Institute • http://www.foresight.org/ • Nanotech Opportunity Report • http://www.foresight.org/NanoRev/NOR.html • Sandia’s MEMS movies! • http://www.sandia.gov/mems/micromachine/movies.html • NanoSIG.org

  44. 3D thru Cross-Eye http://www.zyvex.com/nanotech/visuals.html