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Universal Breakfast. What is Universal Breakfast?. Breakfast is available at no cost to all students, regardless of their household income. An accurate meal count must be taken at the point of service. What is Universal Breakfast?.
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What is Universal Breakfast? Breakfast is available at no cost to all students, regardless of their household income. An accurate meal count must be taken at the point of service.
What is Universal Breakfast? Meals are counted and claimed for federal reimbursement according to correct income category- free, reduced or paid eligibility status. If operational costs exceed revenue, then the school district must make up the difference to the school’s non-profit food service account from non-federal sources.
Why Universal Breakfast? • Universal Breakfast dramatically increases student participation. • Universal Breakfast improves student achievement, diets, and behavior.
Where Does Universal Breakfast Work Best? In schools with greater than 70% of students eligible for free and reduced price meals. Schools with fewer eligible students have operated the program successfully. Individual circumstances should be evaluated.
Factors Contributing to Success of Universal Breakfast: Reduces stigma Support of school personnel Flexibility Offer appealing choices Reduction in competition
Universal Breakfast & Serving Methods Traditional breakfast in the cafeteria In the classroom during school hours Grab n’ Go from a central location Mid-morning, after 1st period Menus depend on the serving style
Classroom ComponentEnhances Success Serving Universal Breakfast in the classroom enhancesbreakfast success. Baltimore City: A school that switched to Universal Breakfast in the cafeteria increased participation 5%. A school that offered Universal Breakfast in the classroom saw participation rate triple.
Increases Student Breakfast Participation Removes stigma Increased revenue and economies of scale USDA Universal Free School Breakfast Program Pilot Project showed: Paid-eligible participation increased fourfold Free and reduced price eligible participation doubled
Financial Benefits of an Effective Breakfast Program By maximizing breakfast participation food service directors receive: The greatest amount of federal reimbursement and student payments. Greater cafeteria staff efficiency resulting in more meals per labor hour.
Financial Benefits of Increasing School Breakfast Participation Provides additional revenue stream to the school district Creates or expands jobs Increases overall financial stability of foodservice Brings money into the local economy
Labor Costs Universal Breakfast can potentially lower labor costs: No longer collect money Speeds-up service Participation rises increasing # meals/labor hour while decreasing labor cost/meal
Determining Labor Needs Location Service method Menu selections Participation levels Training/skills of personnel
Minimum Participation Break-Even Sample Calculations Step One: Calculating Per Meal Cost Without Labor
Minimum Participation Break-Even Sample Calculations Step Two: Calculating Per Meal Income Without Labor
Minimum Participation Break-Even Sample Calculations Step Three: Minimum Amount of Labor Needed
Minimum Participation Break-Even Sample Calculations Step Four: Minimum Amount of Participation
School Breakfast ProgramCost/Benefit Analysis • Access through USDA School Breakfast Toolkit www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/Breakfast
Phasing in Universal Breakfast Eliminate reduced price breakfast: Students qualifying for reduced price meals receive their breakfast for free, while full priced students continue to pay. Federal reimbursements may be enough to offset the cost due to increased participation. Note: District must pay the difference for all breakfasts distributed to reduced-priced eligible and paid students.
Conclusion One proven way to increase school breakfast participation is through Universal Breakfast. Many schools are implementing strategies to increase student participation in School Breakfast Programs.
Email Questions to: MDE-SchoolNutrition@michigan.gov Universal Breakfast