Historically The Korean Peninsula had been a vassal state of the Chinese Emperors, paying tributes for self rule.
Japanese Conquest • Japan was the only Asian country to industrialize in the late 19th Century. • By the early 1900s, Japan had occupied much of Korea. • When you talk about threats, Japan has always be considered the greatest enemy of Korea and China.
Japan’s Occupation and Humiliation • Japan occupied the Korea’s through World War II • Korean’s were treated as second class citizens. • Korean women were forced into prostitution for the Japanese soldiers, referred to as “comfort girls.” • There is still a significant population of Koreans living in Japan who aren’t given citizenship.
Kim il Sung • Was a moderately successful communist guerilla leader against the Japanese occupation. • He fought in the mountains of the North and after the War led an attack on the U.S. supported military leaders of the South. • Supported mainly by the Soviet Union and China.
Korean War; 1950-Present;cease fire 1953 • Korea was divided between Communist North and “democratic” South at Potsdam, along the 38th Parallel.
Korean War • Koreans not consulted. • After a series of border skirmishes, Kim il Sung crossed the 38 the parallel and attacked a weak South Korea. • Both the Soviets and Communist Chinese supported N. Korea politically. • The U.S. entered the war on behalf of the South Koreans.
Chinese enter the War • Once it seemed the North would overrun the South and the U.S., but the U.S. rebounded and chased the Northern armies up the peninsula. • Waiting for them was the million man Chinese army. • A cease fire was called. • As time went on, the Soviet politburo was North Korea’s best ally. Now China is its only real ally.
Kim il Sung: the Great Leader: Ruled country until 1994. • Creates a cult of personality with its own mythology. • He is seen be the N. Koreans as a semi-deity. The great defeater of the Japanese and the United States.
Kim’s il Sung’s rule • Kim created the system called “juche” or absolute self-reliance and cut N. Korea off from the rest of the world. Created the moniker of “hermit kingdom.” • He actively sought nuclear weapons and engage A.Q. Kahn to sell him the nuclear centrifuges and technology to develop enough plutonium for bombs. • N. Korea routinely blackmails the West for food, by creating nuclear crisis beteen N.Korea and the South.
Under Juche Korea has suffered repeated famine • They have little good farmland. • Approximately 2-3 million North Koreans have starved to death. • The average North Korean is 6 inches shorter than the average South Korean, because of malnutrition. • The only escape routes from North Korea is through China, then Mongolia or S.E. Asia. • The border between North and South is heavily fortified. • It is believed it is riddled with tunnels from which the North Korean Million man army could invade.
Concentration/Work Camps • North Korea is filled with concentration camps filled with anyone who displeases the government. • If you get caught, not only to you go to a camp, but so does your entire extended family as well as future generations. • Prisoners are routinely worked and starved to death.
Kim Jong Il • Succeeded his dad in 1994 and had extended the leadership cult.
Kim Jong Il • Kim Jong il • Love American movies, thought himself a movie director. • Has the largest collection of Hennessy cognac in the world • Like his father, would bring girls from the countryside to be “dancers” for him and other political bigwigs. • Had three Sons, including Kim Jong Un, from one of the dancers he married.
Reporters say he was ruthless, smart, and informed. • Often provoked incidents, including two last year against South Korea. • Others nuclear, firing missiles over Japan or firing up a nuclear power plant previously close. • Then North Korean would engage in talks exchanging cooperation for Food.
DMZ: 38th Parallel, biggest military buildup in world • 30 thousand U.S. Soldiers on border. • Electrified fences • Guard towers.
Facts: North Korea • 25 Million people • 68 Life expectancy 150th. • Health spending 2% of GDP ((U.S. 18%) • GDP per capita: $1800 (46K) (195th) • 9 per 100
Facts South Korea • 48 Million • 25% Christian • Death Rate 6.26 per 1000 • Life expectancy 79, #41 in the world • 6% GDP on Health Care. • GDP per capita $30,000 #44
Issues • Nukes (8 t0 10) (sell to terrorist) • 5th largest army in World • What to do with 24 million starving people. • 1 Trillion dollars for unification. • Will Kim Jung Un be able to hold power, does he need to provoke conflict to survive.