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The Constant Speed Propeller PowerPoint Presentation
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The Constant Speed Propeller

The Constant Speed Propeller

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The Constant Speed Propeller

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Presentation Transcript

    1. The Constant Speed Propeller

    2. Introduction Describe how power is controlled with a Constant Speed Propeller Describe how the speed of the propeller is set and controlled State the limitations on the engine and propeller Describe the 2 elements of a Constant Speed Propeller Unit Describe the failure modes of the Constant Speed Propeller

    3. Objectives State how to control power and engine RPM with a constant speed propeller State the limitations of RPM and engine power List the 2 main elements of a Constant Speed Propeller system Explain how the Pitch Change Mechanism and the Speed Governor work State the failure modes of the Constant Speed Propeller

    4. Engine and Prop Controls

    5. Manifold Air Pressure (MAP)

    6. Control of Power (Low Power)

    7. Control of Power (High Power)

    8. Control of RPM (High RPM)

    9. Control of RPM (Low RPM)

    10. Control Indications

    11. MAP Change with Altitude

    12. Take Off and Climb

    13. Cruise

    14. Limitations The Slingsby Firefly T67M-Mk2 The MAP must not exceed hundreds of RPM +4 i.e. If the RPM is 2300, the max allowed MAP is 27 The RPM must not exceed 2700.

    15. Two Main Elements Speed Governor Senses speed of the engine Provides pressurised oil, hydraulic lock or a path to sump for oil to the pitch change mechanism Pitch Change Mechanism Changes pitch of the blades depending on the oil pressure from the Speed Governor

    16. Speed Governor

    17. Speed Governor RPM Control

    18. Speed Governor and Pitch Change Mechanism

    19. Pitch Change Mechanism Decreasing Pitch

    20. Pitch Change Mechanism Holding Pitch

    21. Pitch Change Mechanism Increasing Pitch

    22. Failure Mode Underspeed Underspeed Caused by excessive pitch Loss of oil Pressure Failure of speed governor Failure of Pitch Change Mechanism Actions Check oil pressure Check MAP above 15 If not open throttle Exercise RPM through whole range Refer to checklist

    23. Failure Mode Overspeed Overspeed Caused by excessively fine pitch Speed Governor failure Pitch Change Mechanism failure Actions Use throttle to keep RPM within limits Leave RPM control at mid range Reduce speed 80kts Refer to failure checklist

    24. Summary How power is controlled with a Constant Speed Propeller How the speed of the propeller is set and controlled Limitations on the engine and propeller The 2 elements of a Constant Speed Propeller Unit The failure modes of the Constant Speed Propeller

    25. Questions State how to control power and engine RPM with a constant speed propeller State the limitations of RPM and engine power List the 2 main elements of a Constant Speed Propeller system Explain how the Pitch Change Mechanism and the Speed Governor work State the failure modes of the Constant Speed Propeller