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  1. Bill of Rights and Amendments Unit Two Lesson Two

  2. Vocabulary • Amendment: • A change or addition to a document • Due Process of Law: • The idea that all people will be treated equal under the law • Abolish: • To end

  3. Amendment I Freedom of press, religion, speech, and to assembly peacefully • Freedom to print factual stories in newspapers • Freedom to worship any religion • Freedom to speak your mind without being imprisoned • Can protest/strike peacefully • The_First_Amendment.wmv

  4. Amendment II Right to bear arms • Have the right to own a gun • The_Second_Amendment.wmv

  5. Amendment III Freedom from quartering soldiers • During Revolutionary War British soldiers were allowed to stay in American homes despite the Americans not wanting them. • This allows Americans to never have to house enemy soldiers during times of war.

  6. Amendment IV Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures • Police need a warrant to search any of your belongings. • Cannot use evidence against you if it was found without proper warrant. • The_Third_and_Fourth_Amendments.wmv

  7. Amendment V Rights of an accused person • Cannot be tried for the same crime twice (double jeopardy) • A grand jury must study the evidence • Must have due process of law. • Cannot be forced to be put on the stand during court. • The_Fifth_Amendment.wmv

  8. Amendment VI Right to a fair and speedy trial • Right to a public trial • Jury hears evidence from both sides before a decision is made • Must be provided an attorney • Trials cannot be delayed for long periods of time

  9. Amendment VII Right to a trial by a jury of your peers • Right to have a jury of your peers hear evidence in a case • Jury decides guilty or innocent • The_Sixth_and_Seventh_Amendments.wmv

  10. Amendment VIII Freedom from excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment • Cannot impose excessive bail • Cannot impose excessive fines for crimes • No cruel punishment • The_Eighth_Amendment.wmv

  11. Amendment IX Powers reserved to the people • People have other rights besides ones listed in the Constitution

  12. Amendment X Powers reserved to the state • Protects the states and people from a too powerful government • States have more rights than what is listed in the Constitution • The_Ninth_and_Tenth_Amendments.wmv

  13. Amendment XIII Abolition of Slavery • Ended slavery in America, made slavery illegal • part of a set of amendments that are called the “Civil War” amendments.

  14. Amendment XV African Americans right to vote • part of a set of amendments that are called the “Civil War” amendments. • Granted citizenship to freed slaves and other African Americans • The_Reconstruction_Amendments.wmv

  15. Amendment XIX Right to vote for women • Referred to as women’s suffrage • Passed in 1920 • The_Sixteenth__Seventeenth__Eighteenth__and_Nineteenth_Amendments.wmv

  16. Amendment XXII Limits the terms of the president • Limits the president to serving no more than two consecutive terms (8 years) • Passed in 1951 • Franklin Roosevelt was only president to serve more that two terms – he actually was elected four times. • The_Twenty_second__Twenty_third__and_Twenty_fourth_Amendments.wmv

  17. Amendment XXVI Voting age changed to 18 • Passed in 1971 • Changed from 21 to 18 • People argued if men could fight and die in war at age 18 then they should be able to vote in elections • The_Twenty_sixth_and_Twenty_seventh_Amendments.wmv