Warm-Up: Critical Reading and Writing French army captain Alfred Dreyfus was unjustly ---- for the crime of espionage, but he was later ----. (A) fabricated…vindicated (B) condemned…obviated (C) incarcerated…exculpated (D) convoked…disbursed (E) promoted...absolved
Performance Knowledge It’s not what students know—it’s what they show!
What causes the gap?Pieces of the Puzzle A broad range of content High stakes Rigidly timed An essay in 25 minutes
Performance Knowledge How do we bridge that gap?
applicationof content knowledge to the test instruction of conceptsand skills Foundations of Test Readiness Know the STRATEGIES Know the TEST Know the CONTENT
Agenda • Understanding the SAT • Program Structure • Student Introduction • Assessments • Appendix • Lesson Structure • Critical Thinking for Test Readiness: Test- Taking Strategies • Essay Scoring and Strategies
SAT Format http://www.collegeboard.com/newsat/
How the SAT is Scored Raw Score • Students receive 1 point for every correct answer. • For every incorrect answer to a MC question, they lose 1/4 point. • There is no guessing penalty for grid-in questions. Scaled Score • Each section is scored 200-800. (Critical Reading, Writing, Mathematics) • The maximum score is 2400. • The average score is 1500.
Result: no gain, no loss. Guessing: Can it work? What happens if a student guesses on five questions? But if we could eliminate a few answers each time…
The SAT is Standardized • norm-referenced vs. criterion-referenced
The Bell Curve 200 400 500 600 800
Program Organization: Critical Reading and Writing • Each lesson can be delivered in 45-60 minutes.
Unit Introduction • Objectives identified for each lesson in the unit Explanations of strategies students will learn
Student Supports Hints that support working with the content Provides helpful information about the SAT Opportunity to apply strategies
Independent Practice • 6-8 questions in each section • Hints provided for each question
Reviewing Independent Practice As Students Work: Redirect students as needed by asking effective questions. To Review: Focus on students’ solutions, not their answers. Look out for classic traps.
KAP Wrap Purpose: To apply, review, and reflect on strategies Complete: For homework, for a journal entry, with a partner, or alone
Content Background boxes provide content tips as needed. Teacher’s Notes provide tips from mentor teachers. Hazard symbols alert you to common student errors. Instructional Support
Activity: Teacher and Student Roles • In each section of the lesson, what does the teacher do? • What does the student do? • What would you do differently?
Unit 1, Lesson 1 • Thinking KAP, session guide page 17 • Instruction, session guide pages 18-21 • Independent Practice, session guide pages 22-23 • KAP Wrap, session guide page 24
Critical Thinking:Knowing what to do NEXT! But how do we teach it?
Meeting the Challenges Kaplan’s programs meet the challenges of test taking with a toolbox of strategies.
Activity: Strategy Synopsis Using your assigned strategy: • Summarize the strategy in your session guide (pp. 25-30). • Present your strategy to the group in a 3-minute presentation.
Strategy:Knowing vs. Knowing Sort of Know Know for Sure! Don’tHave a Clue Don’t Have a Clue Sort of Know
Plan an Essay Carefully consider the following quote and the assignment below it. “Reading, after a certain age, diverts the mind too much from its creative pursuits. Any man who reads too much and uses his own brain too little falls into lazy habits of thinking.” Albert Einstein, Autobiography Assignment: Does reading divert us from creative work? In an essay, support your position by discussing an example (or examples) from literature, the arts, science and technology, current events, or your own experience or observations.
Scoring Guide • 6: Clear and consistent mastery • 5: Reasonably consistent mastery • 4: Adequate mastery • 3: Developing mastery • 2: Little mastery • 1: Very little or no mastery • http://www.collegeboard.com/prod_downloads/highered/ra/sat/2007-08_sat_program_handbook.pdf
Anchor Papers • Read each anchor paper and identify the defining qualities of each paper by considering the following: • Point of view • Support • Organization • Use of language • Mechanics
Essay Scoring Criteria • Use the Essay Scoring Guide. • Read quickly to gain an impression of the whole essay. • Read the entire essay before scoring, and then score it immediately. • Read supportively, looking for and rewarding what is done well than what is done badly or omitted. • Disregard the quality of handwriting. • Judge an essay by its quality, not by its length. • Understand that no one aspect of writing is more important than another. http://professionals.collegeboard.com/testing/sat-reasoning/scores/essay
PROMPT PLAN PRODUCE PROOFREAD Know it and understand it. Collect your ideas. Write the essay. Read for consistency and errors. Strategy for Essay Writing
Plan • Take a position. • Write a thesis. • Create an outline—Formula for a Five-Paragraph Essay Produce • Write a strong introduction. • Write strong body paragraphs—Say it! Support it! Explain it! • Write a strong conclusion.
How will you implement Advantage? • When will you start the program? When will you need to end the program? • How many days a week will you devote? How many minutes of each day will you devote? • 2007-2008 SAT Test Dates • March 1, 2008 • May 3, 2008 • June 7, 2008
Planning a Lesson • Activity: Using the planning guide on pages 43 and 44 in your session guide, plan a lesson that you will use with your class. • Review the sample lesson on pages 41 and 42 in your session guide. • Use the implementation tips from the Teacher’s Introduction. • Use the guiding questions on your lesson planning guide.
Kaplan K12 Mission Statement • We partner with schools to provide high-quality instructional programs that improve results and help all students achieve. If you have questions, please contact us at:email@example.com