The Evolution of the Fishing Industry and Fisheries Management in the Russian Far EastContext, Calamities, Continuity(Six Decades in Ten Minutes) Tony Allison
Summary: The Four Recent Epochs of RFE Fisheries and Their Meaning for Today • The Soviet legacy: will nostalgia trump rationality? • The wild 1990s: was it all bad? • The era of failed reforms 2000-2007: why did reforms fail and what was learned? • The current period of renewed reform: déjà vu all over again – and why is that guy’s name Krainyi?
The Soviet Legacy • Fleet build-up and deployment worldwide • Harvests, products, markets • Centralized fisheries management in a command economy • Science: technically strong, well-endowed, and a partner to industry • The salmon sector: products, producers, processors, and kolkhozniki • Pride and prestige: the intangible factor?
The Wild 90s • Collapse and privatization; the short-term view • Decentralization and weakening of management • Science impoverished and dependent on industry • Flood of foreign capital, ships, and new markets • Transformation of harvests and products • Offshore operations and illegal fishing • Salmon: new players, new rules, new hatcheries • Modernization and foreign ties get a bad name?
The Era of Failed Reforms 2000-2007 • Changing management structure/bosses • Revising allocation systems • The exit of (most) foreign interests • New players, new rules, worse results • Harvests, products, markets, illegal fishing • The new Law on Fisheries – success? • Salmon: some progress, many problems • Why is reform so difficult ? Who benefits? (the perspectives of the regulator and user)
The Key Aspects of Fisheries Management: RFE Evaluation?(Predictability, Stability, Incentives) • Assessment • Allocation/Administration • Enforcement
The Current Period of Renewed Reform • A State Committee (again) and its local branches • A new boss: is he really Krainyi? Does it matter? • The Astrakhan-Putin Conference, and some of its directives: -allocations for ten years (no transfers!) -fewer companies and quotas -get rid of the foreigners and end illegal fishing -fund and re-centralize science -bring industry onshore by easing regulations/taxes -nostalgia: Goskorporatsiia, world fishing, new ships -salmon: more local control, long-term leases • Prospects for reform, underlying problems (discussion)