Inclusionary practices for exceptional children GohMuiChoo, Lee Pei Jiao, Lim Ser Hui, Seline Lam, Stella Su, Shandy Su, Sarah Wang
Agenda • Overview • Singapore’s current definition • Medical and social-functional approach • Inclusion of developmental disabilities • Prevalence of disabilities in Singapore • Conclusion
Definition of disability and prevalence rate of persons with disabilities in Singapore • 1988 : Advisory council for the disabled. (ACD) • 1980: The World Health Organisation (WHO) interpretation of impairment, disability and handicap.
Singapore’s current definition • PWD (persons with disabilities) • “Those whose prospects of security, retaining places and advancing in education and training institions, employment and recreation as equal members of the community are substantially reduced as a physical, sensory, intellectual and developmental impairments”
Medical and social-functional approach • 2 components • 1. Core definition of what constitutes disability. • 2. Level of functionality of the person. (Overall social functionality)
Medical definition • Medical diagnosis • Highly objective • Promoting the view of a disabled person as: • Dependent • Needing to be cured/cared for.
Inclusion of Developmental Disabilities • The committee endorses the expansion in Singapore definition of disability since 2004 to include disability. • The use in developmental disabilities in Singapore for ASD( Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Prevalence of disability in Singapore • Causes As of July 2006, about 9000 PWD were using government-funded services. • Not a reliable base in which to determine prevalence rates. • Become a register of users of disability services; but not a full register of PWD
The problem of keeping the register up to date. • Attempts to use the disability prevalence of other countries as proxies of the (prevalence rate for Singapore)
Result • The prevalence rates of other countries do not provide a reliable benchmark for Singapore
Conclusion • Committee’s point of view: it is important to know the prevalence rate of disability on Singapore. • Key recommendation: MCYS to conduct a study to determine the prevalence rate in Singapore. • Periodically reviewed (making sure it is up to date and relevant)