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I*Y and Space Weather

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  1. I*Y and Space Weather Richard Stamper CCLRC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, UK Co-Chair, IHY Campaign Coordination Third European Space Weather Week, Brussels, 13-17 November 2006

  2. Thanks to the IHY and ICESTAR teams for material, particularly • Carine Briand • Kirsti Kauristie • Nat Gopalswamy

  3. Commemorate the 50th anniversary of the International Geophysical Year 1957-1958 … and start of the Space Age International Heliophysical Year (IHY) Physics of the heliosphere 2007-2009 International Polar Year (IPY) Studies of, and from, the Polar regions 2007-2009 International Year of Planet Earth (IYPE) “The largest database of information about the past andpresent status of planet Earth that has ever existed” (2008, Focused on Earth Sciences) Electronic Geophysical Year (eGY) “21st Century e-Science approach to issues of data stewardship… The development of Virtual Observatories and Laboratories … “ (2007-2008, Covered in the next talk)

  4. I*Y : Benefits for Space Weather • Despite IHY and IPY • Being focused on Space Science rather than Space Weather • Having little direct funding of their own • They are providing, or will provide: • Better visibility • Of on-going and planned research and programs • Better science • Impetus to improve understanding of science behind space weather impacts • Encouraging holistic and systems thinking • Better data • Spur to more and improved instrumentation • Improved access (eGY) • Better awareness • Excellent opportunity for public outreach

  5. ihy2007.org Science, Observatory Development, Outreach, History

  6. IHY Science Themes THEME 1 Evolution and Generation of Magnetic Structures and Transients Theme 2 Energy Transfer and Coupling Processes Theme 3 Flows and Circulations Theme 4 Boundaries and Interfaces Theme 5 Synoptic Studies of the 3-D Coupled Solar-Planetary-Heliospheric System

  7. Coordinated Investigation Programmes Mechanism for proposing, or advertising, work benefiting from or requiring collaboration and coordination “Bottom-up” approach, anyone can propose On-line form and database 50 currently proposed IHY: Science Coordination Grouped into 7 disciplines : Solar; Heliosphere/Cosmic Rays; Magnetospheres; Ionized Atmospheres; Neutral Atmospheres; Climate; Astrobiology/Space Medicine Discipline Coordinators recruited for the disiciplines:To help make connections between related proposalsAssist proposers in gaining access to resources (observing time, data, funding)

  8. Interhemispheric Conjugacy Effects in Solar-Terrestrial and Aeronomy Research ICESTAR Five-year international scientific research programme for coordinated bi-polar research in the fields of STP and polar aeronomy Endorsed by SCAR’s Standing Scientific Group on Physical Sciences July 28, 2004 Contacts Kirsti Kauristie (FMI, Finland) Allan Weatherwax (Siena College, USA)

  9. International Polar Year Six Broad Themes Status of environment Change, past and futureGlobal Linkages New Frontiers in scienceVantage pointHuman Issues www.ipy.org Full Proposal #63 Heliosphere Impact on Geospace Umbrella proposal incorporating 29 EoIs Involvement of 22 nations including Italy, Norway, Russia, Sweden, UK, Ukraine. Led by Kirsti Kauristie (FMI, for ICESTAR), Richard Harrison (RAL, for IHY) Science program “Expressions of Interest” >1000, grouped into ~50 clusters, covering all areas of polar science IHY and ICESTAR asked to lead one cluster

  10. I*Y : Visibility of work • IHY CIPs • http://ihy2007.org.uk/CIPs.shtm • Links through to individual CIP web sites where available Some overlap and increased scope for collaboration • IHY Discipline Coordinators working to build connections • Clusters of CIPs, IPY EoIs and ICESTAR projects identified (Thanks to Kirsti Kauristie for leading this to date) • Three are closely related to Space Weather • Antarctic Space Weather • Plasmaspheric Dynamics • Radio wave propagation in the ionosphere - observations and models • More information on these will follow as they develop • IPY projects in ICESTAR/IHY • http://www.ava.fmi.fi/ipyid63/ipyid63_projects.html • Links to IPY EoI and Full Proposal information

  11. CME onset and propagation CIP 1 – Development of Algorithms for CME Onset and Earth-Arrival Predictions Coronal dimming STEREO HI for propagation Thinking Globally CIP 2 – Real-time Global Ionosphere CIP 4 – Global Plasmaspheric Dynamics CIP 43 – SMEI and IPS 3D heliospheric analysis comparison with Ulysses and other NASA Spacecraft IPY EoI 14 – Greenland IPY 2007 Space Science Symposium“Transport in the Coupled Solar Wind – Geospace System seen from a High-Latitude Vantage Point” I*Y : Advances in Science CASS/UCSD animation of tomographic reeconstruction of SW density following a CME launched 26 July 2002 using Stelab IPS data (bvjackson@ucsd.edu)

  12. I*Y : New Instrumentation UN Basic Space Science Initiative (UNBSSI) • Program of the UN Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) • Focus for 2005-2009 is IHY Goal : deploy global arrays of small, inexpensive instruments Model : partnership between instrument providers and hosts Method : UN/ESA/NASA workshops • 2005 : 20-23/1, El Ain, UAE • 2006 : 27/11 – 1/12, Bangalore, India • 2007 : Japan ContactsNat Gopalswamy (GSFC) Hans Haubold (UNOOSA)

  13. Science 24 hour coverage of solar activity Detect electron beams and CME-driven shocks Existing in Switzerland, US Being deployed in India, Mexico, Costa Rica Network with Hiraiso? UNBSSI Example : CALLISTO Compound Astronomical Low-cost Low-frequency Instrument for Spectroscopy and Transportable Observatory PI: A.Benz, ETH-Zentrum, Switzerland • Technical • Dual-channel frequency-agile receiver • Based on commercially available consumer electronics • Low cost for hardware and software • Short assembly time

  14. Explorer-1 Sputnik-1 I*Y : Outreach • 50th birthday of the Space Age • In 1957 • Exploring the edge of our atmosphere • In 2007 • Exploring the edge of our heliosphere • Space Weather is a natural new frontier Outreach a major component of both IHY and IPY • Activities planned globally and nationally • E.g. European IHY “Open Doors day http://www.lesia.obspm.fr/IHY/ Take advantage of the opportunity