Download
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The British in India PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The British in India

The British in India

219 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

The British in India

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. The British in India

  2. The British East India Company: 1600 - 1857

  3. British East India Company Agents 1-E

  4. Coins of the British East India Co. 1719 coin 1804 coin

  5. Sepoy soldiers • Local Indian soldiers (Hindu & Muslim) hired by the • British East India Company • 200,000 Sepoys compared to 50,000 British soldiers 1-F

  6. India in mid-18c

  7. British Soldiers in India, 1830s

  8. British Opium Warehouse in Patna, India Selling Patna Opium in China

  9. India: 18c-early 19c

  10. Maharaja of Bundi • Maharaja is term given to local rulers of Indian provinces

  11. The Maharaja of Pannah

  12. The Sepoy Mutiny: 1857 Aka…. India’s First War for Independence 2-A

  13. Areas of the Sepoy Mutiny, 1857

  14. The Seige of Lucknow

  15. Execution of Sepoys:“The Devil’s Wind” 2-B

  16. 1876: Queen Victoria Becomes “Empress of India” 2-D

  17. Queen Victoria in India PAX BRITANNICA

  18. Queen Victoria: Receiving the Crown of India

  19. Sikhs – Bengal Cavalry of the British Army • Sikh is term given to follower of Sikhism (religion) • Served as soldiers for British in WWI & WWII

  20. 15th Ludhiana Sikhs, 1889

  21. Assorted British Soldiers, 1890s

  22. Positives of British Colonial Rule In India

  23. Bengal Medical Service, 1860

  24. A LifeofLeisure!

  25. Political stability (Br. Viceroy’s Daughter: Simla, 1863)

  26. Darjeeling Railroad, 1880s

  27. Modern urban areas(Simla: Little England in the mountains of India)

  28. Karachi, 1896

  29. Victoria Railroad Station, Bombay

  30. Chartered Bank of Calcutta, 1915

  31. School and Library – Madras, 1913

  32. The Rise of Indian Nationalism

  33. the Indian National Congress • 1885  The Indian National Congress was founded in Bombay. • swaraj  “independence.”* the goal of the movement.

  34. Bal Gangadhar Tilak 1856 - 1920 Described by the British as “The Father of Indian Unrest”

  35. Jawaharlal nehru 1889 - 1964 Principal leader of India’s independence movement in the 1930s and ’40s

  36. the Muslim League • 1905  partition of Bengal based on religions and languages. • 1906  creation of the Muslim League.

  37. Mohammed Ali Jinnah 1876 - 1948 Leader of India’s Muslim League

  38. Young Mohandas K. Gandhi, 1876 1869 - 1948

  39. Gandhi as a Young Barrister in Natal

  40. Gandhi as a Lawyer in Johannesburg, So. Africa

  41. Gandhi and His Wife, Kasturba, 1915 Leader of the Quit India Movement (Independence Movement)

  42. Amritsar Massacre, 1919 British troops open fire on Indian protestors within an open air market 379 dead; over 1200 wounded!

  43. Salt March, 1930 • Non-violent protest against British salt monopoly and campaign of tax resistance • 80,000 Indians (plus Gandhi) are jailed • Failed to gain British concessions • Gained worldwide news coverage MakingSalt

  44. Gandhi spinning cloth Indian weaving was ruined by the competition of British machine-made textiles!

  45. Gandhi and His Grandaughters, 1947 Mohandas Gandhi’s Quit India Movement wanted the British to leave India (as is) immediately!

  46. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, leader of the Indian Muslim League, wanted the British to divide India in two and leave.

  47. The End of the Raj: August 15, 1947

  48. Last Viceroy of India Lord Louis & Lady Edwina Montbatten

  49. Partition! August 1947: Great Britain divides India in two: - India - West & East Pakistan

  50. Outcomes of Partition! • displacement of 12.5 million people (Hindu & Muslims) • January 30, 1948 Gandhi is assassinated by a Hindu nationalist