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  1. Grade 6 Social Studies/ELA Integrated CurriculumUnit 2: River Valley CivilizationsIllustrated Glossary

  2. afterlife the future life, life after death

  3. agriculture the production of crops, livestock, or poultry

  4. archeology the scientific study of historic or prehistoric peoples and their cultures by analysis of their artifacts

  5. artisana craftsperson

  6. bargea capacious, flat-bottomed vessel, usually intended to be pushed of towed, for transporting freight or passengers

  7. canalan artificial waterway for navigation or irrigation

  8. canopic jarsjar used in ancient Egypt to contain the entrails of an embalmed body

  9. carpa large freshwater fish

  10. cartouchean oval with a horizontal line at one end, indicating that the text enclosed is a royal name

  11. citya large or important town

  12. civilization an advanced state of human society, in which a high level of culture, science, industry, and government has been reached

  13. code a collection of laws arranged in some orderly way

  14. crescenta shape resembling a segment of a ring tapering to points at the ends

  15. domesticationchanged from the wild or savage state

  16. droughta period of dry weather, especially a long one that is injurious to crops

  17. fertile(Land) producing, or capable of producing vegetation, crops, etc

  18. floodinga great flowing or overflowing of water, especially over land not usually submerged

  19. governmentthe continuous exercise of authority and the performance of functions for a political unit

  20. habitableable to be lived in

  21. harpoonsa barbed, spearlike missile attached to a rope, and thrown by hand or shot from a gun, used for killing and capturing whales and large fish

  22. hieroglyphicsa pictographic script in which many of the symbols are recognizable images of things represented

  23. irrigationthe artificial application of water to land to assist in the production of crops

  24. Khemetland that surrounds the Nile. Egyptian word for “black land”

  25. lawthe principles and regulations established in a community by some authority and applicable to its people

  26. leveean embankment designed to prevent the flooding of a river

  27. mummificationto make (a dead body) into a mummy, as by embalming and drying

  28. mytha traditional or legendary story

  29. Neolithicrelating to the latest period of the Stone Age characterized by polished stone implements

  30. noblesbelonging to, or constituting a hereditary class that has special social or political status in a country or state

  31. obeliska tapering, four-sided shaft of stone, usually monolithic and having a pyramidal apex

  32. PaleolithicPaleolithicrelating to the earliest period of the Stone Age characterized by rough or chipped stone implements

  33. papyrusthe soft central part of papyrus stems especially when made into strips and pressed into a writing material

  34. peasanta member of a class of persons who are small farmers or farm laborers of low social rank

  35. polytheismthe doctrine of or belief in more than one god or in many gods

  36. pyramid(in ancient Egypt) a quadrilateral masonry mass having smooth, steeply sloping sides meeting at an apex, used as a tomb

  37. Pharoaha title of an ancient Egyptian king

  38. religiona personal set or institutionalized system of religious attitudes, beliefs, and practices

  39. scribea person who serves as a professional copyist, especially one who made copies of manuscripts before the invention of printing

  40. shadufa mechanism for raising water, consisting of a pivoted pole with a bucket at one end and a counterweight at the other

  41. siltearthy matter, fine sand, or the like carried by moving or running water and deposited as a sediment

  42. social pyramidgrouping of people based on common characteristics

  43. sphinxa figure of an imaginary creature having the head of a man or an animal and the body of a lion

  44. surplusthe amount more than what is required or necessary; excess

  45. technologythe practical application of knowledge especially in a particular area

  46. templean edifice or place dedicated to the service or worship of a deity or deities

  47. tilapiaany mouth brooding fish of the African freshwater genus

  48. tradethe business of buying and selling items; commerce

  49. Viziera high official in certain countries and caliphates, especially a minister of state

  50. Slide 1: mrsk.netSlide 2: kenseamedia.comSlide 3: historyforkids.orgSlide 4: silkroadgourmet.comSlide 5: davidicke.comSlide 6: history.cultural-china.comSlide 7: panpipes.comSlide 8: ndwf.orgSlide 9: rarecoincollector.netSlide 10: meihua-stock.deviantart.comSlide 11: and en.wikipedia.orgSlide 12: fcps.eduSlide 13: artyfactory.comSlide 14: history.cultural-china.comSlide 15: historylink101.netSlide 16: eso-garden.comSlide 17: en.wikipedia.orgSlide 18: lgffoundation.cfsites.orgSlide 19: pondmegastore.comSlide 20: templestudy.comSlide 21: egyptraveluxe.blogspot.comSlide 22: uchinavisa.comSlide 23: ecosalon.comSlide 24: hort.purdue.eduSlide 25: cultural-china.comSlide 26: 27: drpinna.comSlide 28: glogster.comSlide 29: civilization.caSlide 30: east_west_dialogue.tripod.comSlide 31: art.comSlide 32: topchinatravel.comSlide 33: personal.psu.eduSlide 34: peakwater.orgSlide 35: and hort.purdue.eduSlide 36: 7j2012.blogspot.comSlide 37: logoi.comSlide 38: ancienthistory.about.comSlide 39: mrzimmerman.orgSlide 40: wrensnestonline.comSlide 41: and mrplasko-worldhistory.wikispaces.comSlide 42: ecofrenfood.wordpress.comSlide 43: