Download
learning objective name n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Learning Objective Name __________________________ PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Learning Objective Name __________________________

Learning Objective Name __________________________

306 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Learning Objective Name __________________________

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Learning ObjectiveName __________________________ Today, we will combine1 sentences with participial phrases. 1 put together CFU What are we going to do today? What are we going to combine? What does combine mean? Today, we will combine sentences with participial phrases. We will combine sentences with participial phrases. Combine means to put together. Activate (or provide) Prior Knowledge Combine these sentences using “and.” A. The dog likes to chase mice. The cat likes to play fetch. The dog likes to chase mice, and the cat likes to play fetch. Combine these sentences using “but.” B. Dad likes to watch movies. Mom likes to watch sports. Dad likes to watch movies, but mom likes to watch sports. CFU Teacher completes A. Students complete B. Students, you already know how to combine simple sentences with the coordinating conjunctions “and” and “but.” Some sentences can be combined without coordinating conjunctions. These sentences use phrases, or groups of words to help combine sentences. Today, we will combine sentences with participial phrases. 4th Grade Writing Conventions 1.2 (2Q) Combine short, related sentences with appositives, participial phrases, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  2. Concept Development A participle is a verb form used as an adjective that describes a noun. A Participial phrases is a group of words containing a verb form that always acts as an adjective. • A participial phrase can be used to combine short, related sentences. • When combining sentences, a participial phrase is set off by commas. Examples: There are two types of participles: The girl was scared by the movie. The girl began to cry. The girl was scared by the movie. + The girl began to cry. When a participial phrase is added at the beginning, a comma is inserted after the phrase. A participial phrase must be close to the noun or pronoun it describes. Scared by the movie, the girl began to cry. The participial phrase describes “the girl” CFU In your own words, what is participle? A participle is _______________________________. In your own words, what is a participial phrase? A participial phrase is ____________________. What does a participial phrase always act as? What does it describe? When a participial phrase is added at the beginning of the sentence, where do you insert the comma? Which is an example of a sentence with a participial phrase? How do you know? a. Looking in the empty room, Rachel saw a big spider. b. Rachel saw a big spider. 4th Grade Writing Conventions 1.2 (2Q) Combine short, related sentences with appositives, participial phrases, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  3. Concept Development (continued) The girl was scared by the movie. The girl began to cry. The girl was scared by the movie. The girl began to cry. A participial phrase must be close to the noun or pronoun it describes. When a participial phrase is added in the middle, a comma is inserted after the phrase. The girl,scared by the movie, began to cry. The participial phrase describes “the girl” A participle is a verb form used as an adjective that describes a noun. A Participial phrases is a group of words containing a verb form that always acts as an adjective. • A participial phrase can be used to combine short, related sentences. • When combining sentences, a participial phrase is set off by commas. Examples: There are two types of participles: CFU In your own words, what is participle? A participle is _______________________________. In your own words, what is a participial phrase? A participial phrase is ____________________. What does a participial phrase always act as? What does it describe? When a participial phrase is added in the middle of the sentence, where do you insert the commas? Which is an example of a sentence with a participial phrase? How do you know? a. That girl, walking down the sidewalk, is my best friend. b. That girl is my best friend. 4th Grade Writing Conventions 1.2 (2Q) Combine short, related sentences with appositives, participial phrases, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  4. Importance A participle is a verb form used as an adjective that describes a noun. A Participial phrases is a group of words containing a verb form that always acts as an adjective. It is important to combine sentences with participial phrases because it helps you to: give your writing more advanced sentence structure. make your writing flow. do well on the CST. There are currently no CST-released questions that cover this part of the standard. CFU Does anyone else have another reason why it is important to combine sentences with participial phrases? (pair-share) Why is it important to combine sentences with participial phrases? You may give me one of my reasons or one of your own. Which reason is the most important to you? Why? 4th Grade Writing Conventions 1.2 (2Q) Combine short, related sentences with appositives, participial phrases, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  5. Skill Development/Guided Practice A participle is a verb form used as an adjective that describes a noun. A Participial phrases is a group of words containing a verb form that always acts as an adjective. Combine sentences with participial phrases. Step #1: Read the sentences carefully. Step #2: Underline the participial phrase. Step #3: Combine the two sentences inserting the participial phrase at the beginning, without changing the meaning. a. Insert a comma after the participial phrase. 1. The swimmer is very cold. The swimmer is dripping wet with water. ________________________________________________________________________________________ , Dripping wet with water the swimmer is very cold. 2. My mother is glad to see my sister. My mother is smiling brightly. ________________________________________________________________________________________ Smiling brightly my mother is glad to see my sister. , 3. The church was never rebuilt. The church was destroyed by fire. ________________________________________________________________________________________ Destroyed by fire the church was never rebuilt. , 4. The package was huge! The package was delivered by the postman. ________________________________________________________________________________________ Delivered by the postman the package was huge! , CFU How did I know what to underline? How did I know how to combine the two sentences? How did I know where to insert the comma? How did you know what to underline? How did you know how to combine the two sentences? How did you know where to insert the comma? 4th Grade Writing Conventions 1.2 (2Q) Combine short, related sentences with appositives, participial phrases, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  6. Skill Development/Guided Practice (continued) A participle is a verb form used as an adjective that describes a noun. A Participial phrases is a group of words containing a verb form that always acts as an adjective. Combine sentences with participial phrases. Step #1: Read the sentences carefully. Step #2: Underline the participial phrase. Step #3: Combine the two sentences inserting the participial phrase in the middle, without changing the meaning. a. Insert a comma before and after the participial phrase. 1. The guy is my cousin. The guy is wearing a chicken costume. ________________________________________________________________________________________ The guy wearing a chicken costume is my cousin. , , 2. The girls were told to quiet down. The girls were talking loudly. ________________________________________________________________________________________ , , The girls talking loudly were told to quiet down. 3. The bridge was finally open. The bridge closed after the flood. ________________________________________________________________________________________ The bridge closed after the flood was finally open, , , 4. The puppy found a good home. The puppy was loved by everyone. ________________________________________________________________________________________ , , The puppy loved by everyone found a good home. CFU How did I know what to underline? How did I know how to combine the two sentences? How did I know where to insert the commas? How did you know what to underline? How did you know how to combine the two sentences? How did you know where to insert the comma? 4th Grade Writing Conventions 1.2 (2Q) Combine short, related sentences with appositives, participial phrases, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  7. Closure 1. In your own words, what is a participle? 2. In your own words, what is a participial phrase? 3. Combine sentences with participial phrases below. 4. What did you learn today about combining sentences with participial phrases? Why is that important to you? (pair-share) Step #1: Read the sentences carefully. Step #2: Underline the participial phrase. Step #3: Combine the two sentences, inserting the participial phrase at the beginning. a. Insert a comma after the participial phrase. Step #4: Combine the two sentences, inserting the participial phrase in the middle. b. Insert a comma before and after the participial phrase. 1. The men finally put out the fire. The men were working hard all day. Beginning: ___________________________________________________________________________________ , Working hard all day the men finally put out the fire. Middle: ___________________________________________________________________________________ , , The men working hard all day finally put out the fire. 4th Grade Writing Conventions 1.2 (2Q) Combine short, related sentences with appositives, participial phrases, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  8. Independent Practice Name __________________________ A participle is a verb form used as an adjective that describes a noun. A Participial phrases is a group of words containing a verb form that always acts as an adjective. Combine sentences with participial phrases. Step #1: Read the sentences carefully. Step #2: Underline the participial phrase. Step #3: Combine the two sentences, inserting the participial phrase at the beginning. a. Insert a comma after the participial phrase. Step #4: Combine the two sentences, inserting the participial phrase in the middle. b. Insert a comma before and after the participial phrase. 1. The thunder was loud. The thunder was rumbling in the distance. Beginning: __________________________________________________________________________________________ , Rumbling in the distance the thunder was loud. Middle: __________________________________________________________________________________________ , , The thunder rumbling in the distance was loud. 2. The kitten began to cry. The kitten was trapped inside the box. Beginning: __________________________________________________________________________________________ , Trapped inside the box the kitten began to cry. Middle: __________________________________________________________________________________________ , , The kitten trapped inside the box began to cry. 4th Grade Writing Conventions 1.2 (2Q) Combine short, related sentences with appositives, participial phrases, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  9. Periodic Review 1 Name __________________________ A participle is a verb form used as an adjective that describes a noun. A Participial phrases is a group of words containing a verb form that always acts as an adjective. Combine sentences with participial phrases. Step #1: Read the sentences carefully. Step #2: Underline the participial phrase. Step #3: Combine the two sentences, inserting the participial phrase at the beginning. a. Insert a comma after the participial phrase. Step #4: Combine the two sentences, inserting the participial phrase in the middle. b. Insert a comma before and after the participial phrase. 1. Rachel fell asleep at her desk. Rachel was studying late. Beginning: __________________________________________________________________________________________ , Studying late Rachel fell asleep at her desk. Middle: __________________________________________________________________________________________ , , Rachel studying late fell asleep at her desk. 2. My sister finally found a better job. My sister was discouraged by the low pay. Beginning: __________________________________________________________________________________________ , Discouraged by the low pay my sister finally found a better job. Middle: __________________________________________________________________________________________ , My sister discouraged by the low pay finally found a better job. , 4th Grade Writing Conventions 1.2 (2Q) Combine short, related sentences with appositives, participial phrases, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  10. Periodic Review 2 Name __________________________ A participle is a verb form used as an adjective that describes a noun. A Participial phrases is a group of words containing a verb form that always acts as an adjective. Combine sentences with participial phrases. Step #1: Read the sentences carefully. Step #2: Underline the participial phrase. Step #3: Combine the two sentences, inserting the participial phrase at the beginning. a. Insert a comma after the participial phrase. Step #4: Combine the two sentences, inserting the participial phrase in the middle. b. Insert a comma before and after the participial phrase. 1. Maribel gave a great performance. Maribel was loved by everyone. Beginning: __________________________________________________________________________________________ , , Loved by everyone Maribel gave a great performance. Middle: __________________________________________________________________________________________ Maribel loved by everyone gave a great performance. , , 2. Gabriel drove away. Gabriel was waving good-bye. Beginning: __________________________________________________________________________________________ , Waving good-bye Gabriel drove away. Middle: __________________________________________________________________________________________ , , Gabriel waving good-bye drove away. 4th Grade Writing Conventions 1.2 (2Q) Combine short, related sentences with appositives, participial phrases, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  11. Periodic Review 3 Name __________________________ A participle is a verb form used as an adjective that describes a noun. A Participial phrases is a group of words containing a verb form that always acts as an adjective. Combine sentences with participial phrases. Step #1: Read the sentences carefully. Step #2: Underline the participial phrase. Step #3: Combine the two sentences, inserting the participial phrase at the beginning. a. Insert a comma after the participial phrase. Step #4: Combine the two sentences, inserting the participial phrase in the middle. b. Insert a comma before and after the participial phrase. 1. The President was sitting in his office. The President wrote a letter to his daughter. Beginning: __________________________________________________________________________________________ , Sitting in his office the President wrote a letter to his daughter. Middle: __________________________________________________________________________________________ , , The President sitting in his office wrote a letter to his daughter. 2. The boy was coming into the room. The boy threw his books on the desk. Beginning: __________________________________________________________________________________________ , Coming into the room the boy threw his books on the desk. Middle: __________________________________________________________________________________________ , , The boy coming into the room threw his books on the desk. 4th Grade Writing Conventions 1.2 (2Q) Combine short, related sentences with appositives, participial phrases, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  12. Blank Page 4th Grade Writing Conventions 1.2 (2Q) Combine short, related sentences with appositives, participial phrases, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.