THE MATE STUDENTS: Yanire Quezada,Paula Gonzalez y Victoria Guerrero. Grade:7th A Y 7th B Year:2007
MATE'S HISTORY • The word “mate" means both the gourd or cup and metal straw and the infusion. Some claim that the straw has a pre-Columbian origin and others say that the origin is Spanish, even from the Creoles.The original mates were a silver straw of 5 to 6 millimeters in diameter with a height of 18 centimeters, topped at its lower end by a hollow sphere of the same metal full of holes; a hollow tube cane, topped at the bottom with a rounded end and a gourd as a cup. Since pre-Columbian times, Guarany Indians knew the mate and they thought it had exciting powers and that it was a magic drink. The chemical analysis of the components of Illex paraguayensis have demonstrated their properties as a purifying, stimulating and energetic beverage.
What is a "mate"? Kettle Straw herb mate Note: the herb is also called “mate”
Mate: the drink • The tea of the Jesuits in the early decades of the century XVII, in competition with the tea marketed by the British, began to spread in Europe after Spain. Spanish used to bring it to America. This drink was prepared from chopped leaves shipped by the Jesuits of the Guarani Missions and was known in the old world as "Tea of the Jesuits", which was no other than the “boiled” mate. With the expulsion of the Jesuits in 1767 from the territories of Rio de la Plata, this economical and cultural exchange lost its momentum.
Kinds of mates • Bitter Mate It is the most popular in our region. It is prepared with hot water 10 or 12 degrees below its boiling point (88 to 90 ° C.), using the herb mate without sugar and with no other herb (yuyo). It is also called cimarrón or mate for tough men. Sweet Mate It is prepared like the bitter mate but adding sugar and yuyos (other herbs) or orange peel. Mate con Punta Bitter or sweet mate with liquor (spirits, any kind of alcoholic drink) Mate Cocido or “boiled” Another drink instead of tea or in the shearing season is the mate cocido or “boiled”. It is prepared in a pot or in a large kettle, in the proportion of 1 liter of water per 350 grams Mate herb. It is placed on the fire until boiling. Then you can drink it hot or cold with sugar.
Kinds of Mate • Mate and milk (mate leche)This is a special mate, where the water has been replaced by hot sweet milk. This is drunk espcecially by old people and children. • Mate and egg (El Mate Huevo)It is like the previous mate, but you can add beaten egg yolk rather than milk. • Mate Pomelo (a grapefruit)Sweet mate, with a mixture of Mate herb and other “yuyos” served in a grapefruit rather than using a cup or gourd.
Social Meaning of the Mate • Sharing a “mate” has become one of the best known communicaton symbols of South America. Some people have learned how to prepare mate, and they have added some particular and nice meanings to it. Here you have some of them:
A mate means... • Bitter: it is a sign of strength, courage and life. • A very sweet mate:(served by a woman to a man) representing love, and the interest of getting married. • A very hot sweet mate: If it’s a woman who serves this mate, it represents a passionate love. • Lavado (with no taste at all):it shows your contempt. • A cinnamon mate: it sends a message to the one who drinks it: “I am thinking about you”. • A mate with orange peel inside: it means “I’ll wait for you”. • Largo (using a little herb): it shows no respect or interest to the persons who drinks it.
Other terms related to Mate • Largo: a mate with a little herb mate. • Ensillado: when you pour new herb mate on the one you already used. • Dar las Gracias: when you have drunk mate and you don’t want another one, you excuse yourself saying Thank you! • P'al Estribo: it is the last mate served to a person who has said Thanks! And has to be off.