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  1. MILESTONES Islam Rituals and Celebrations

  2. Early Life • Muslims believe that a child is born free of sin • Born with an inclination towards goodness • Adhan is the ceremony that is performed after a child is born (also the name for call to prayer) • During the ceremony, the adhan ("God is great, there is no God but Allah. Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. Come to prayer.“)is whispered in the baby’s ear followed by the Command to Rise and Worship.

  3. Naming of a Child • Aqiqah: Seven days after the birth of a child, the naming of the child takes place. • Muhammad recommended Abdullah, meaning “servant of God” as a pleasing name. • A Reading from the Koran takes place, followed by the naming.

  4. Names • Muslims can choose between: • A family name • One of Muhammad’s names • One of the “ninety-Nine Beautiful Names”; names of God used in the Koran- when one of these names is used, the “Abd” or servent, must precede it.

  5. Offering • Hair of a baby is cut or shaved during ceremony, and the equivalent in currency is distributed to the poor. • Shows the importance of charity and giving in Islam!

  6. And among His signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves that ye may dwell in tranquility with them and He has put love and mercy between your hearts; verily in that are Signs for those who reflect. • Qu’ran 30:21

  7. Marriage • Legally sanctioned union between a man and a woman • Hope of a marriage is to produce a strong family, whose members seek to know and live the will of God.

  8. Marriage • Based on voluntary offer and acceptance by the bride and groom • Parents may help in selecting a spouse or give advice but they do not make decisions for the couple. Bride and groom have last say. • Contract is prepared reflecting relationship, lifestyle, property, and money. • Two Muslims must witness the marriage. • A ceremony usually takes place a mosque or home.

  9. Polygamy -For Modern Western society, polygamy in Islamic tradition is a controversial subject. - Polygamy is when a person is married to more than one person at the same time.

  10. Where did this tradition come from? • Within the Islamic tradition, it can give opportunity for women to marry in societies where there were more women than men. • Intended to offer an opportunity to widows to remarry (i.e in the time of Muhammad, when men died in battle, from disease or illness). • Seen as charity for men to marry widow, and a sign of great tolerance and understanding for a woman to agree to share her husband.

  11. Important! • A man must obtain permission from his first wife, before taking on another wife. • The vast majority of Muslims maintain Monogamous marriages and do not practice polygamy.

  12. Divorce • Divorce is permitted, but it is regarded as a last resort • Divorce procedures are outlined in Qu’ran • The couple must refer disputes to arbitration before deciding to obtain a divorce

  13. Death • Approach death with a sense of hope. • They hope they will reach Paradise. • Burial should take place on the same day that the person has died. • Body is taken to gravesite where readings are said, and earth is thrown into grave.

  14. After the burial • A short period of mourning occurs, usually three days • Muslims believe that the deceased is visited by two angels who question the person about his or her life, faith or deeds, both good and evil, while on earth.