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Ozone Hole PowerPoint Presentation

Ozone Hole

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Ozone Hole

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Ozone Hole

  2. This is the Island known as Earth

  3. Background Information

  4. Atmosphere

  5. Earth’s Atmosphere Compared to the size of the Earth (12000 km) The atmosphere is very thin (120 km) http://www.gsfc.nasa.gov/gsfc/earth/pinatuboimages.htm

  6. If theEarthis compared to this Orange the Earth’s atmosphere would be thinner than the layer of pesticide on this Orange’s surface

  7. Two Atmosphere Layers • Stratosphere is above Troposphere • Ozone Layer blocks UV radiation • Troposphere is where we live • Weather occurs here • 72% of all air is below the cruising altitude of commercial airliners (33000 ft)

  8. Air Pollution • Ozone Pollution vs. the Ozone Hole

  9. Ozone – Two Faces • Troposphere – Bad Ozone • Pollution • Photochemical smog • Eye irritant • Stratosphere – Good Ozone • Blocks UV radiation • Hole caused by depletion due to CFC’s

  10. Harmful effects of UV radiation • Skin cancer such as melanoma(ultraviolet radiation can destroy acids in DNA) • Cataracts and sun burning • Suppression of immune systems • Adverse impact on crops and animals • Reduction in the growth of ocean phytoplankton • Degradation of paints and plastic material

  11. matrix.ucdavis.edu/tumors/tradition/ gallery-ssmm.html

  12. www.snec.com.sg/clinical_services/ cataract.asp

  13. GoodOzone

  14. http://www-imk.fzk.de/topoz-iii/ataglanz/ozonbild.html

  15. Destroying Good Ozone • Chloroflourocarbons were first created in 1928 as non-toxic, non-flamable refrigerants, and were first produced commercially in the 1930's by DuPont • In 1974, a laboratory study demonstrated the ability of CFC's to catalytically breakdown Ozone in the presence of high frequency UV light • Cl + O3 -> ClO + O2 ClO + O3 ---> 2 O2 + Cl • In a 1985, a study summarized data that had been collected by the British Antartic Survey showing that ozone levels had dropped to 10% below normal January levels for Antarctica. • http://www.nas.nasa.gov/About/Education/Ozone/history.html

  16. Ultraviolet light hits a chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) molecule, such as CFCl3, breaking off a chlorine atom and leaving CFCl2. Sun Cl Cl Once free, the chlorine atom is off to attack another ozone molecule and begin the cycle again. C Cl F UV radiation Cl Cl O O A free oxygen atom pulls the oxygen atom off the chlorine monoxide molecule to form O2. The chlorine atom attacks an ozone (O3) molecule, pulling an oxygen atom off it and leaving an oxygen molecule (O2). Cl Cl O O O O O The chlorine atom and the oxygen atom join to form a chlorine monoxide molecule (ClO) Cl O O O

  17. http://www.mmscrusaders.com/newscirocks/ozone/cfc.jpg

  18. A single chlorine atom removes about 100,000 ozone molecules before it is taken out of operation by other substances

  19. Montreal Protocol • An international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer • phasing out production of number of substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion • Effective January 1, 1989 • Five revisions • 1990 (London) • 1992 (Copenhagen) • 1995 (Vienna) • 1997 (Montreal) • 1999 (Beijing)