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Ch.2 Remote Sensing Data Collection

Ch.2 Remote Sensing Data Collection

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Ch.2 Remote Sensing Data Collection

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  1. Ch.2 Remote Sensing Data Collection AM www.Remote-Sensing.info www.Remote-Sensing.info

  2. Overview www.Remote-Sensing.info

  3. www.Remote-Sensing.info

  4. Linear Array CCD Linear Array CCD Flatbed Digitizer www.Remote-Sensing.info

  5. Digitization www.Remote-Sensing.info

  6. Digitization www.Remote-Sensing.info

  7. Remote Sensing System used for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Data Collection • Scanner: • (TM, GOES) • Pushbroom: • (SPOT, IKONOS) • Whiskbroom: • (AVIRIS, MODIS) www.Remote-Sensing.info

  8. Remote Sensing System used for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Data Collection www.Remote-Sensing.info

  9. Chronological Launch and Retirement History of the Landsat Satellite Series www.Remote-Sensing.info

  10. Inclination of the Landsat Orbit to Maintain A Sun-synchronous Orbit Landsat Multispectral Scanning System (MSS/ TM) Orbit www.Remote-Sensing.info

  11. Landsat 4 and 5 Worldwide Reference System www.Remote-Sensing.info

  12. Landsat 4 and 5 Platform with Associated Sensor and Telecommunication Systems www.Remote-Sensing.info

  13. Spectral and Spatial Resolution of the Landsat Multispectral Scanner (MSS), Landsat 4 and 5 Thematic Mapper (TM), Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+), SPOT 1, 2, and 3 High Resolution Visible (HRV), and SPOT 4 High Resolution Visible Infrared (HRVIR) Sensor Systems www.Remote-Sensing.info

  14. Seven Bands of Landsat Thematic Mapper Data of Charleston, SC, Obtained on February 3, 1994 www.Remote-Sensing.info

  15. Reflectance of the Upper Surface of A Sycamore Leaf at Different Moisture Contents www.Remote-Sensing.info

  16. Landsat 7 Image of Palm Spring, CA 30 x 30 m (bands 4,3,2 = RGB) www.Remote-Sensing.info

  17. Landsat 7 Image of Palm Spring, CA 30 x 30 m (bands 7,4,2 = RGB) www.Remote-Sensing.info

  18. GOES East and West Coverage • NOAA: National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration • GOES: Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite www.Remote-Sensing.info

  19. GOES Imager Optical Elements www.Remote-Sensing.info

  20. GOES East and West Coverage GOES East Infrared August 25, 1989 GOES East Visible August 25, 1989 www.Remote-Sensing.info

  21. GOES East Infrared GOES East Visible GOES East August 25, 1989 GOES East Water Vapor www.Remote-Sensing.info

  22. Remote Sensing System used for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Data Collection www.Remote-Sensing.info

  23. Chronological Launch History of the SPOT Satellites SPOT 5 05/03-05/04, 2002 Ariane 4 launcher www.Remote-Sensing.info

  24. SPOT Satellite System Components Courtesy of SPOT Image, Inc. www.Remote-Sensing.info

  25. SPOT Off -NADIR View www.Remote-Sensing.info

  26. SPOT Off -NADIR Revisit Capabilities www.Remote-Sensing.info

  27. Comparison of the Detail of30 x 30 m Landsat TM Band 3 Data and SPOT 10 x 10 m Panchromatic Data of Charleston, SC www.Remote-Sensing.info

  28. Geographic Coverage of the SPOT HRV and Landsat Thematic Mapper Remote Sensing Systems www.Remote-Sensing.info

  29. Portion of the First Global 10-day Synthesis Image Produced Using the SPOT Vegetation Sensor May 11-20, 1998 Courtesy of SPOT Image, Inc. www.Remote-Sensing.info

  30. Space Imaging, Inc., IKONOS Panchromatic Images of Washington, DC 1 x 1 m spatial resolution www.Remote-Sensing.info

  31. IKONOS Imagery of Columbia, SC Obtained on October 28, 2000 Panchromatic 1 x 1 m Pan-sharpened multispectral 4 x 4 m www.Remote-Sensing.info

  32. Imaging Spectrometry The simultaneous acquisition of images in many relatively narrow, contiguous and/or non-contiguous spectral bands throughout the ultraviolet, visible and infrared portions of the spectrum. www.Remote-Sensing.info

  33. Remote Sensing System used for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Data Collection www.Remote-Sensing.info

  34. NASA AVIRIS: Advanced Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer www.Remote-Sensing.info

  35. Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) Datacube of Sullivan’s Island Obtained on October 26, 1998 www.Remote-Sensing.info

  36. Hyperspectral Crop Classification Using AVIRIS Data www.Remote-Sensing.info

  37. Earth Observing System - Terra Instruments ASTER - Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer CERES - Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System MISR - Multi-angle Imaging Spectroradiometer MODIS - Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer MOPITT - Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere www.Remote-Sensing.info

  38. Earth Observing System Measurements Discipline Measurement EOS-AM Instruments Atmosphere Cloud Properties MODIS, MISR, ASTER Radiative Energy Fluxes CERES, MODIS, MISR Precipitation Tropospheric Chemistry MOPITT Stratospheric Chemistry Aerosol Properties MISR, MODIS Atmospheric Temperature MODIS Atmospheric Humidity MODIS Lightning www.Remote-Sensing.info

  39. Earth Observing System Measurements Discipline Measurement EOS-AM Instruments LandLand Cover/Land Use Change MODIS, MISR, ASTER Vegetation Dynamics MODIS, MISR, ASTER Surface Temperature MODIS, ASTER Fire Occurrence MODIS, ASTER Volcanic Effects MODIS, MISR, ASTER Surface Wetness www.Remote-Sensing.info

  40. Earth Observing System Measurements Discipline Measurement EOS-AM Instruments Ocean Surface Temperature MODIS Phytoplankton MODIS, MISR Dissolved Organic Matter MODIS, MISR Surface Wind Fields Ocean Surface Topography CryosphereLand Ice Change ASTER Sea Ice MODIS, ASTER Snow Cover MODIS, ASTER Solar Radiation Total Solar Radiation Ultraviolet Spectral Irradiance www.Remote-Sensing.info

  41. Earth Observing System - Terra Instruments MODIS - Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer Orbit 705 km Sun-synchronous orbit Spectral Range 0.4 - 14.4 mm Spectral Coverage+55˚, 2330 km swath Bands 36 co-registered bands: 20 bands (0.4-3 um), 16 bands (3-14.4um) Spatial Resolution 250 m (bands 1-2), 500 m (bands 3-7), 1000 m (bands 8- 36) www.Remote-Sensing.info

  42. Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Onboard Terra First day global coverage 2,330 km swath width www.Remote-Sensing.info

  43. Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Onboard Terra Nile River and Nile Delta www.Remote-Sensing.info

  44. Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Onboard Terra Nile River and Nile Delta www.Remote-Sensing.info

  45. Remote Sensing System used for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Data Collection www.Remote-Sensing.info

  46. Positive Systems, Inc., Imagery Green Red Near-Infrared ADAR 5500 System Components www.Remote-Sensing.info

  47. Emerge Spatial, Inc., Imagery Green Red Near-Infrared www.Remote-Sensing.info

  48. Natural color image (RGB = RGB) of a N.Y. Power Authority lake at 1 x 1 ft obtained on October 13, 1997 Litton Emerge Spatial, Inc., CIR image (RGB = NIR,R,G) of Dunkirk, NY, at 1 x 1 m obtained on December 12, 1998 www.Remote-Sensing.info

  49. Review • Digital Image Terminology • Remote Sensing System used for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Data Collection • Scanner:TM, GOES • Pushbroom: SPOT, IKONOS • Whiskbroom: AVIRIS, MODIS • Digital Frame Camera: Positive Systems, Inc. (ADAR), Emerge Spatial, Inc. www.Remote-Sensing.info