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The Olympic Games During the Cold War

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  1. The Olympic Games During the Cold War Ellen Rogers & Korey Decker

  2. Introduction • Cold War • 11 Olympic Games

  3. London 1948

  4. Statistics • 59 countries • 4099 athletes • 385 women • 17 sports • 136 events

  5. “Victory Over Dark Times” • World War II halts Olympic Games • London rose to the challenge

  6. Progress • First Games to be shown on home television • Starting blocks • Empire Pool

  7. Absentees • Germany • Japan • Soviet Union

  8. Helsinki 1952

  9. Statistics • 69 countries • 4,925 athletes • 518 women • 17 sports • 149 events

  10. New Countries • Israel • Soviet Union

  11. Notable Performances • United States • Soviet Union • Hungary • Emil Zatopek

  12. Cold War Influence • Sport remained at the top of the agenda

  13. Melbourne 1956

  14. Statistics • 67 countries • 3184 athletes • 371 women • 16 sports • 145 events

  15. Outside Influence • Suez Crisis • Egyptian-Israeli Conflict • Invasion of Hungary • Violence in North Africa

  16. Boycotts • Egypt • Lebanon • Iraq • The Netherlands • Spain • Switzerland

  17. Tokyo 1964

  18. Statistics • 93 countries • 5140 athletes • 683 women • 19 sports • 163 events

  19. Progress • Mondovision • Computers • Pictograms • Judo and volleyball • Japan’s enthusiasm

  20. South Africa • Banned from the Games after failing to condemn apartheid

  21. Mexico DC 1968

  22. Statistics • 112 countries • 5330 athletes • 781 women • 18 sports • 172 events

  23. Progress • German athletes • Drug tests • Tartan • Official timing

  24. Worldwide Events • Assassinations • Martin Luther King Jr. • Robert Kennedy • Russian invasion of Czechoslovakia • Plaza of the Three Cultures shooting • Hundred of protesting students wounded

  25. African Americans • “Jet” Smith • John Carlos

  26. Munich 1972

  27. Waldi the Daschund

  28. Statistics • 121 countries • 7123 athletes • 1058 women • 21 sports • 195 events

  29. Black September • Palestinian terrorist group • 9 Israeli athletes taken hostage • Demanded release of 234 Palestinian prisoners in Israeli prisons and two in German prisons • Germany attacked the terrorists • Terrorists killed all hostages and one German police officer

  30. Montreal 1976

  31. Amik the Beaver

  32. Statistics • 92 countries • 6028 athletes • 1247 women • 21 sports • 198 events

  33. Obstacles for Montreal • IOC hoped to restore all events • Stadium and other facilities under construction • Delays • Increase in gas prices

  34. Progress • Women’s events • Basketball • Rowing • Handball • Nadia Comaneci • Romanian gymnast • Torch

  35. Boycotts • Africa • 22 countries • Taiwan • Cameroon • Egypt • Morocco • Tunisia

  36. Moscow 1980

  37. Misha the Bear

  38. Statistics • 80 countries • 5217 athletes • 1125 women • 21 sports • 203 events

  39. Boycotts • United States • Japan • West Germany • China • Philippines • Argentina • Canada

  40. The IOC’s Response • Opposed the boycott • Felt that the games should be more than politics

  41. Biased Competition • Soviets took control of the games • 197 overall medals • 80 gold • Irregularities

  42. Los Angeles 1984

  43. Sam the Eagle

  44. Statistics • 140 countries • 6797 athletes • 1567 women • 21 sports • 221 events

  45. Boycott • Soviet Union • Cuba • East Germany

  46. Funding • No government financing • Strictly private funding

  47. Progress • NeroliFairhall • Paraplegic archer • Women’s marathon • Women’s cycling • Blueprint for future Olympic Games

  48. Seoul 1988