Download
chapter 1 section 2 notes n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Chapter 1 Section 2 Notes PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Chapter 1 Section 2 Notes

Chapter 1 Section 2 Notes

110 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Chapter 1 Section 2 Notes

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Chapter 1 Section 2 Notes

  2. 2 HOME Humans Try to Control Nature Key Idea People gradually give up hunting and gathering and learn to cultivate crops, domesticate animals, and live in settled villages. Some villages grow and prosper, developing complex social and economic systems that set the stage for the development of civilization. Overview Assessment

  3. 2 TERMS & NAMES MAIN IDEA HOME Humans Try to Control Nature GRAPH Overview •nomad •hunter-gatherer •Neolithic Revolution •slash-and-burn farming •domestication WHY IT MATTERS NOW The development of agriculture spurred an increase in population and the growth of a settled way of life. New methods for obtaining food and the development of technology laid the foundations for modern civilizations. Assessment

  4. I. Achievements in Technology and Art

  5. Otzi the Iceman

  6. A. A New tool kit

  7. 1. Nomads were people that wandered from place to place

  8. 2. Most nomads were hunter gatherers

  9. 3. Most used a wide variety of tools or technology

  10. B. Paleolithic Art AustraliaThis rock painting from Australia features two humanlike figures holding up their hands. Early artists used stencils to create these outstretched hands, which commonly appear in Australian rock art.

  11. AlgeriaFarming and herding gradually replaced hunting as a means of getting food. This African cave painting from Algeria shows women and children tending cattle. The white rings—symbols for huts—illustrate an early version of signs used in writing. FranceStampeding wild horses and bison seem to come alive in this prehistoric painting from Lascaux Cave in France. After viewing such striking scenes, the world-famous, 20th-century artist Picasso reportedly said, "We have learned nothing

  12. 1. Many types of art

  13. a. Necklaces

  14. b. Realistic sculptures

  15. c. Cave paintings

  16. 1. France

  17. Lascaux Relieves

  18. Lascaux Cave Art

  19. 2. Spain

  20. Altamira, Spain

  21. Altamira, Spain

  22. Coa Valley Portugal

  23. a. Wild animals

  24. b. Man

  25. II. The Neolithic Revolution

  26. A. About 10000 years ago seed planting by women probably led to farming

  27. B. Causes of the Agriculture Revolution

  28. 1. Climate may have been a factor

  29. 2. Farming provided a steady source of food

  30. C. Early Faming Methods

  31. 1. Slash-and-burn farming

  32. a. Cut trees, grasses, and scrubs then burned the fields

  33. 1. Ashes fertilized the fields

  34. b. Farmers planted crops for a year or two

  35. D. Domestication of Animals

  36. 1. The taming of animals

  37. 2. Started by driving herds into man made enclosures

  38. 3. Nomads for years had herded sheep and goats

  39. E. Revolution in Jarmo

  40. 1. The Zagros Mountains are in northeastern Iraq is thought to be the birthplace of agriculture

  41. Jarmo today

  42. 2. Environmental conditions favored the region

  43. a. Wild wheat, barley, goats, pigs, sheep and horses thrived there

  44. 2 2 Section Assessment Development of Agriculture HOME Humans Try to Control Nature GRAPH 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List the effects of the development of agriculture. Rise in population Emergence of farming villages More available food More cultural developments New farming tools More stable communities continued . . .

  45. 3. In the 1950’s RobertBraidwood an archaeologists uncovered a site called Jarmo

  46. Robert Braidwood

  47. III. Villages Grow and Prosper