SampeyantiyangJawi? (Are you a Javanese?) Chapter Comparison Ch.13 & Ch.2
Bahasa Indonesia as a vehicle of state discourse as well as a mode of talk between Indonesians. Language control the popular opinion (doxa) of state’s national Roland Barthes (Cp.13: p.272)
STATE SYSTEM AND STATE IDEA Bahasa Indonesia unattached to any politically salient ethnic native-speaking community. It is related to the institutional infrastructure of the Indonesian state index of Indonesia’s derivativeness of a Dutch colonial project and mostly the effectiveness of ongoing state sponsored, state-legitimizing programs of national development (pembangunannasional)
Errington’s work aimed to locate Indonesian within the state system, and how it mediate the state-idea of development • Issues identified: • Local autonomy since 1998 • Javanese language (as the largest and dominant ethno linguistic group) vs Indonesian • Javanese as honorific language (it’s a form of rhetoric among state officer) • Language of ‘PRIYAYI’ • BahasaIndonesia as the only ‘LINGUA FRANCA’?
Pembangunan as a top-down process Gellner calls the deception and self-deception of nationalism. National language is a form of promoting cultural and linguistic homogeneity Debate on how state language development bring a pernicious (merugikan) side effects on Javanese lingustic and cultural heritage. Why Javanese? Look at IRVINE (Ch.2)
Esoteric registers of spoken and written Javanese that have long been associated with a colonial nobel elite, the PRIYAYI • IRVINE Javanese as honorific language • higher levels (krama) • lower/middle levels (ngoko/madya) • New Order Indonesia Javanese-dominated • The power of courtly circles in formerly royal polities of Jogjakarta and Surakarta