Martin Behaim • Invented the first GLOBE in 1490-1492
“In 1492, • Columbus Sailed the Ocean Blue.” -Traditional Verse
“In Fourteen-Hundred and Ninety-Three, • Columbus Stole all he could see.” -Traditional Verse Updated
Columbus “discovers” America? • Vikings (Norsemen) land in Newfoundland • Afro-Phoenicians (N. Africa) landed in Americas
Why Columbus gets credit and is Famous??? • Famous invention in 1440 by Guttenberg • THE PRINTING PRESS • Story of Columbus printed and read all over Europe
“The Europeans were able to Conquer America not because of their Military Genius, or their Religious Motivation, or their Ambition, or their Greed. They Conquered it by waging Unpremeditated Biological Warfare.” -Howard Simpson
What effect did European Colonization have on … • Europeans??? • Native Americans??? • The World???
Bartolome de las Casas • “What we committed in the Indies stands out among the most unpardonable offenses ever committed against God and mankind and this trade (in Indian Slaves) as one of the most unjust, evil, and cruel among them.”