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Measuring Development Terminology Regimes Comparing The Basics Define It $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500
Which of the following statements about the Human Development Index is CORRECT? It is compiled by the World Bank. It includes measures for sustainable development. It is used to measure and compare levels of achievement in health, knowledge, and the standard of living. It assesses the level of interaction between people in a political system.
Answer It is used to measure and compare levels of achievement in health, knowledge, and the standard of living. Return
Which of the following statements is correct? GDP per capita is a good measure for determining which countries are rich (developed) and which are poor (developing). GDP per capita is the same as GDP according to purchasing power parity. GDP per capita is the best way to determine the overall size of a country’s economy relative to other countries. GDP per capita is not a factor taken into account in determining the Human Development Index.
Answer GDP per capita is a good measure for determining which countries are rich (developed) and which are poor (developing). Return
Industrial democracies are characterized by relatively large populations (in the top 10 percent of the most populated countries in the world). government-owned media. lack of popular sovereignty. competitive elections.
Answer competitive elections. Return
The _______________ index gives states scores of 1 to 7 according to their records in two broad categories: political rights and civil liberties; then divides states into three groups: Free, Partly Free, and Not Free. • Governance Indicators • Freedom in the World • Democracy • Corruption Perception
Answer • Freedom in the World Return
The most fundamental comparative measure is economic size, which is expressed using _____________, a figure calculated by giving dollar value to all the goods and services produced by a state in a year. • purchasing power parity • the social economy index • gross national product • gross domestic product
Answer • gross domestic product Return
Political legitimacy means that the broad citizenry believe that the state exercises rightful authority. is possible only in a democratic political system. refers to when the United Nations recognizes a state. is possible only when the citizenry comes from the same ethnic group.
Answer means that the broad citizenry believe that the state exercises rightful authority. Return
All of the following are sources of collective identity EXCEPT ethnicity or race. occupation. religion. region.
Answer occupation. Return
All of the following are frequent characteristics of transitional democracies EXCEPT control of the media. ritualistic expressions of support for the ruling party. undermining opponent’s parties. ensuring that the ruling party is re-elected.
Answer ritualistic expressions of support for the ruling party. Return
A failed state is one in which the leaders of the state violate the rule of law and prey on their own citizens. the leaders of the state fail to pay their United Nations dues. the government is authoritarian and denies its citizens political freedoms. large numbers of citizens try to leave either legally or illegally.
Answer the leaders of the state violate the rule of law and prey on their own citizens. Return
The most common definition of power used in comparative politics is making people do what you want. getting people to do what they otherwise would not. doing what people expect within a democratic system. taking away the ability of others to use force.
Answer getting people to do what they otherwise would not. Return
A regime in political science terminology is a government the United States does not like. enduring institutions and practices. an organized political party. the party in power in a government.
Answer enduring institutions and practices. Return
Russia, China, North Korea, and Cuba are a few of the countries that are usually classified as what type of state? Industrialized democracies Less developed countries Current and former Communist countries Newly industrializing countries
Answer Current and former Communist countries Return
Rather than operating under the literal “rule of the people,” democratic countries have adopted federalist systems. representative forms of government. communism. capitalism.
Answer representative forms of government. Return
The former communist states’ near-complete control over their societies, politics, and economics was often called democracy. autocracy. imperialism. totalitarianism.
Answer totalitarianism. Return
Authoritarian regimes are characterized by all of the following EXCEPT power (or authority) is highly concentrated in a single individual, small group of people, single party, or institution. they have a totalitarian system that seeks to control every aspect of their citizen’s lives and allows no personal freedoms whatsoever. those in power claim an exclusive right to govern and use various means, including force, to impose their will on their citizens. they lack an effective procedure for selecting political leaders or holding them accountable.
Answer they have a totalitarian system that seeks to control every aspect of their citizen’s lives and allows no personal freedoms whatsoever. Return
Which, by definition, involves a small number of cases? a qualitative study a quantitative study the most similar approach the most different approach
Answer a qualitative study Return
It is impossible to understand politics without understanding: economics. territory. public opinion. power.
Answer power. Return
Difficulties in state building are most pronounced in what region of the world? Industrialized democracies Current and former Communist countries The less-developed countries Western Europe
Answer The less-developed countries Return
A primary goal of the study of comparative government is to understand why each country develops political systems in the same way. religion, language, and culture play a limited role in defining a nation. globalization has not been a factor in political decision making. countries react differently to crises.
Answer countries react differently to crises. Return
When comparativists try to explain how things are by arguing a relationship between two or more concepts, they are using a(n) _______ approach. • normative • empirical • ethnocentric • sovereign
Answer • empirical Return