GUATEMALARepublic of Guatemala A BEAUTY THAT HURTS
TABLE OF CONTENTSGUATEMALA LOCATION PEOPLE CULTURE HISTORY POLITICS ECONOMICS CURRENT INTERNAL SITUATION CURRENT EXTERNAL SITUATION TAKE AN INTEREST IN GUATEMALA ! FURTHER READINGS
LOCATION • Guatemala is located in Central America. • Area 108,889 Km. • Highest Point; 4,220m Volcan Tajamulco. • Lowest Point; Sea Level.
GEOGRAPHY • 66% of the country is mountainous • 62% is covered by forests. • Four topographical regions • Eighteen short rivers • Four major lakes
Population: 10,510,000 Density: 97/km2 Capital: Guatemala Urban 39% Ethnic Groups: Ladinos 56%, Amerindian 44% THE PEOPLE
Languages: Spanish, Amerindian Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant, tribal religionist 67 female, 62 male Literacy: 55% THE PEOPLE
THE CULTURE • Arte4 Maya Tz’utuhil Museaum and Gallery
HISTORICALHighlights • Mayan Civilization • The Fishing and Farming Villiages • Pedro de Alvarado came to conquer Guatemala 1523 • Independence from Spain came in 1821
HISTORICALHighlights • A succession of military presidents • Protest and repression became more violent • Civil war broke out • New government January 2000!
Government: Republic Parties: Christian Democratic, Democratic Party of National Cooperation, National Centrist Union, Revolutionary, others Suffrage: Universal, over 18. Membership: OAS, UN. Subdivisions: 22 Departments. The POLITICS
The ECONOMICS • GDP: $12, 600,000,000 • Per capita: $1,342 • Monetary Unit: Quetzal(Q) • Public Debt; USD 2, 301,000,000
The ECONOMICS • Imports: USD $2,647,629,800 • Exports: USD 1,502,610,4000 • Trade Partners: Exports: U.S., El. Salvador, Germany, Japan • Exports: Coffee, sugar, bananas, beef. • Imports:Fuel, machinery, grain, fertilizer, transportation equipment
CURRENT SITUATION INTERNAL RELATIONS • THE PEOPLE • ECONOMY AND THE LAND • HISTORY AND POLITICS
CURRENT SITUATION INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS • SITUATIONAL UPDATE! • VISIT FROM THE CANADIAN FOREIGN AID MINISTER ! • SUMMIT OF THE AMERICAS!!
URGENT ACTIONSOLIDARITY WORK WITH GUATEMALA • Canada Guatemala Breaking the Silence Network • Project Accompaniment • Amnesty International • United Nation Human Rights Commission • Arch Bishops Office for Human Rights • Canada World Youth • Peace Brigades
TAKE AN INTEREST IN GUATEMALA! • LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES • http://lanic.utexas.edu/la/ca/guatemala/ • 100 TIPS • http://www.1000traveltips.org/guatemal.htm
FURTHER READINGS • I, Rigoberta Menchu is the autobiography of Guatemala's Indian Nobel Peace Prize winner - a very moving story of Mayan life and government repression. • Time and the Highland Maya by Barbara Tedlock is an anthropological study of the Quiché Indians of Momostenango. • Unfinished Conquest: The Guatemalan Tragedy by Victor Perera looks at the history of the Maya and their situation in modern Guatemala. • The Central America Fact Book by Tom Barry & Deb Preusch examines the economic, political and military role of the USA in Central America. • Birds of Guatemala by Hugh C Land is a field guide to - surprisingly enough - the birds of Guatemala. • lamor of Innocence: Central American Short Stories, edited by Barbara Paschke & David Volpendesta, contains 31 short stories by writers from the region.