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Day 4

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Day 4

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  1. Day 4 Technical Sessions - 3 Social Accountability Tools Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  2. Implementing & Advocating Social Accountability Elements of a strategy Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  3. Advocacy ???? • Effecting changes in Policy & Practice • Byorganising Public Opinion & Participation • Throughinfluencing Policy Makers & Implementers • Infavour of larger public interests • Usingdemocratic Means Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  4. “We should not become victims of the ‘techniques’ & ‘tools’ by forgetting crucial aspects like context, politics, representation & inclusion?” Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  5. Positioning a Strategy • Demanding Accountability: Focus on Rights & Entitlements, contested engagement, ‘push for reforms’, Government seen as an ‘opponent’. • Negotiating Accountability: Focus on multi stakeholder engagement, constructive engagement, incremental changes, Government seen as a ‘partner’ Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  6. ‘Rude’ Accountability…

  7. Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  8. 1. Building Political Intelligence • Context matters for outcomes • Tools and their politics • Political Economy Analysis - Institutional analysis - Power Analysis - Social Analysis - Economic Analysis Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  9. Frameworks for PEA Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  10. Checking the Context for Social Accountability A Checklist Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  11. The Critical‘8’ Constructive Engagement Political Setting 1 8 Decentralization 2 7 3 Quality of Media Ability to mobilize stakeholders 4 6 Ability to Voice Experiences 5 Easy to Repeat Ease of Implementation Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  12. Political Context – How would the political actors react to SA tools? • Decentralization – Do local governments have reasonable powers to reform the services assessed by the SA tools? • Ability to mobilize stakeholders – How easy or difficult is to mobilize key stakeholders to participate? • Citizens Ability to Voice Experience – Do citizens feel free to give honest feedback about government services? • Ease of Implementation– How easy is to get local resources to implement SA tools? • Quality of media – Is the media independent? Do they cover issues related to public services? Will they cover findings and present them in an unbiased manner? • Quick Wins–How easy is it demonstrate immediate results? • Constructive Engagement: Does the tool have clear incentives for service providers? Does the methodology have scope for a positive engagement with the local government? Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  13. DISCUSS & SCORE (1-10) Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  14. Power & Risk Analysis Designing Stakeholder Analysis & Impact Matrix Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  15. WHO IS A STAKEHOLDER? ANYONE – a Group, an Organization or an Individual - who is affected by, or can influence any decision or action related to the SA intervention Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  16. How to Carry Out a Stakeholder Analysis? A Strategic Approach Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  17. The Process.. • Identify & List all potential stakeholders • Estimate Attitude & Interest • ++ strongly in favour • + weakly in favour • 0 indifferent or neutral • - weakly opposed • --strongly opposed Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  18. An Example Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  19. How to Design an Impact Matrix? A Strategic Approach Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  20. Mapping Influence & Importance High Importance Citizens ++ Low Importance High Influence Low Influence Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  21. 2. Choosing the ‘Tool’

  22. Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  23. Political Context • Character & Methodology of the tool • Context & Timing • Risks & Opportunities

  24. Choosing the Tool…(1) Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  25. Choosing the Tool…(2) Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  26. Choosing the Tool…(3) Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  27. Some Insights… • Tools differ widely in methodology & application • Questions, Context & Competencies should define tool selection • New skill sets & competencies required • Need for protocols – the dangers of ‘adaptation’ Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  28. 3. Locating Entry Points • Positioning the tool/approach • Building strategic partnerships • Credibility of the proponent • Building new / complementary competencies Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  29. 4. Monitoring Impact • Need to develop process, intermediate & longitudinal indicators • Some critical aspects: - Extent of multi stakeholder engagement - Width & depth of community involvement - Duration of involvement Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013

  30. 5. Negotiating Politics • Trust deficits on both state & CS • Legacy of working with Executive Champions Dr. Gopakumar Thampi. SDC/ACC Workshop. Thimphu, August 20-23, 2013