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  1. Learning ObjectiveName _____________________ Today, we will identify1 figurative language – similes and metaphors. 1 find CFU What are we going to do today? What does identify mean? Activate (or provide) Prior Knowledge It’s raining cats and dogs. Can it really rain cats and dogs? What do you think the sentence means? CFU Students, when we want to say or write something so it sounds more interesting we use figurative language. Today, we will define figurative language.

  2. Concept Development Go to Skill Dev. #1 Go to Skill Dev. #2 Figurative language refers to words or phrases that go beyond their literal2 meaning. • Figurative language is used by a writer to create visual images in your mind. • Some examples of figurative language are similes and metaphors. 2 exact Examples: Similes The figurative language used in this passage is “as high as a kangaroo” and “like a circus animal.” These are similes because the phrases use “as” and “like.” Examples: Metaphors The figurative language used in this passage is “Sam’s angel face” and “Sam’smirror eyes and button nose.” These are metaphors because in the second sentence Sam’s face is being compared to an angel, and in the third sentence his eyes are being compared to a mirror and his nose to a button. CFU Why is figurative language used? Which sentence is an example of a simile? How do you know? A His backpack was heavy. B His backpack was as heavy as a load of bricks! In your own words, what is a simile? A simile is ___________________________________________. Which sentence is an example of a metaphor? How do you know? A Her hair was very white. B Her hair was bone white. In your own words, what is a metaphor? A metaphor is ____________________________________. What is the difference between a simile and a metaphor? In your own words, what is figurative language? Figurative language is __________________________.

  3. Skill Development/Guided Practice (#1) Figurative language refers to words or phrases that go beyond their literal meaning. Identify figurative language. Step #1: Read the passage carefully. Step #2: Identify the example(s) of figurative language. (underline) Step #3: Identify the type of figurative language. (write) Step #4: Explain your answer. (complete the sentence) simile 1. Type of figurative language used: _____________________ This is ________________because it compares_________________________________________________________________ Yvette with a mathematician and math with recess. using similes 2. Type of figurative language used: _____________________ This is ________________because it compares_________________________________________________________________ simile using similes the day to an oven and Jessica to a dolphin. (#2)How did I/you identify the example(s) of figurative language? (#3) How did I/you identify the type of figurative language? (#4) How did I/you explain your answer? Back to Concept Development

  4. Skill Development/Guided Practice (#2) Figurative language refers to words or phrases that go beyond their literal meaning. Identify figurative language. Step #1: Read the passage carefully. Step #2: Identify the example(s) of figurative language. (underline) Step #3: Identify the type of figurative language. (write) Step #4: Explain your answer. (complete the sentence) metaphor 1. Type of figurative language used: _____________________ This is ____________________because it compares_____________________________________________________________ the spiders legs to threads and spider webs to dreamcatchers. using metaphors metaphor 2. Type of figurative language used: _____________________ This is ___________________because it compares______________________________________________________________ trees to skyscrapers and water to ribbons. using metaphors (#2)How did I/you identify the example(s) of figurative language? (#3) How did I/you identify the type of figurative language? (#4) How did I/you explain your answer?

  5. Importance Figurative language refers to words or phrases that go beyond their literal meaning. 1. Defining figurative language will help you understand what you are reading. 3. Defining figurative language will help you do well on tests. CFU Does anyone else have another reason why it is important to define figurative language? (pair-share) Why is it important to define figurative language? You may give me one of my reasons or one of your own. Which reason is more important to you? Why?

  6. Figurative language refers to words or phrases that go beyond their literal meaning. Concept Closure Which sentence uses figurative language? A Kelsi was as busy as a bee. B Kayla was very busy at school. Skill Closure Identify figurative language. Step #1: Read the passage carefully. Step #2: Identify the example(s) of figurative language. (underline) Step #3: Identify the type of figurative language. (write) Step #4: Explain your answer. (complete the sentence) 1. Type of figurative language used: _____________________ This is ___________________because it compares_______________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ simile the snake to a garden hose and the flamingo to bubblegum. using similes Summary Closure What did you learn today about identifying figurative language? Day 1 __________________________________________________________________________________ Day 2 __________________________________________________________________________________

  7. Independent Practice Name _____________________ Figurative language refers to words or phrases that go beyond their literal meaning. Identify figurative language. Step #1: Read the passage carefully. Step #2: Identify the example(s) of figurative language. (underline) Step #3: Identify the type of figurative language. (write) Step #4: Explain your answer. (complete the sentence) simile 1. Type of figurative language used: _____________________ This is ___________________because it compares______________________________________________________________ using similes dough to sticky glue and cookies to soccer balls. metaphor 2. Type of figurative language used: _____________________ This is ___________________because it compares______________________________________________________________ the tree house to a secret world and brothers to bulldozers. using metaphors

  8. Periodic Review 1 Name _____________________ Figurative language refers to words or phrases that go beyond their literal meaning. Identify figurative language. Step #1: Read the passage carefully. Step #2: Identify the example(s) of figurative language. (underline) Step #3: Identify the type of figurative language. (write) Step #4: Explain your answer. (complete the sentence) metaphor 1. Type of figurative language used: _____________________ This is ___________________because it compares______________________________________________________________ the dough to a dream and the hot dog to dynamite. using metaphors simile 2. Type of figurative language used: _____________________ This is ________________because it compares_________________________________________________________________ using similes the other team to giants and his shaking knees to a rattlesnake.

  9. Periodic Review 2 Name _____________________ Figurative language refers to words or phrases that go beyond their literal meaning. Identify figurative language. Step #1: Read the passage carefully. Step #2: Identify the example(s) of figurative language. (underline) Step #3: Identify the type of figurative language. (write) Step #4: Explain your answer. (complete the sentence) simile 1. Type of figurative language used: _____________________ This is _______________because it compares__________________________________________________________________ using similes Rebecca to the wind and her feet to lightning bolts. metaphor 2. Type of figurative language used: _____________________ This is ___________________because it compares______________________________________________________________ Julia’s room to a pig pen and Julia to a doll. using metaphors

  10. Periodic Review 3 Name _____________________ Figurative language refers to words or phrases that go beyond their literal meaning. Identify figurative language. Step #1: Read the passage carefully. Step #2: Identify the example(s) of figurative language. (underline) Step #3: Identify the type of figurative language. (write) Step #4: Explain your answer. (complete the sentence) simile 2. Type of figurative language used: _____________________ This is _______________because it compares__________________________________________________________________ using similes cake to a fluffy cloud and chocolate cake to a creamy chocolate bar. metaphor 2. Type of figurative language used: _____________________ This is ___________________because it compares______________________________________________________________ the clear water to air and stars to diamonds. using metaphors