Chapter 9 Learners with Communication Disorders
When thinking about communication disorders…. • Context in which communication occurs. • Functions expressed by the acts of communication. • Actual execution of communication.
Definitions (p.303-305) • Communication. • Communicative functions. • Communication disorders. • Language/Expressive/Receptive. • Speech/ASL/AAC/ASHA. • Speech/Language disorders. • Phonology/Morphology/Syntax/Semantics/Pragmatics
Prevalence • 1 million children - language or speech disorders. • Speech-language therapy for children w/other primary disabilities. • 10-15% preschool & 6% elementary- Speech disorders. • 2-3% preschool and 1% school age- Language disorders.
Communication Variations (p.306,307) • Dialects, non-standard or sub-standard languages. • Cultural background. • Communicative differences. • Bilingual or Speaker of English as a Second Language.
Language Disorders • Phonology • Morphology • Syntax • Semantics • Pragmatics • Importance of major milestones in ability to use language (page 308). • Theories of language (Pages 308-309)
Classification of Language Disorders Primary Language Disorders: • Specific Language Impairment (SLI) • Early Expressive Language Delay (EELD) • Language-based Reading Impairment Secondary Language Disorders: • Other specific disabling conditions • Emotional & behavioral disorders
Speech Disorders(pages 314 to 319) • Phonological Disorders • Articulation Disorders • Voice Disorders • Fluency Disorders • Motor-speech Disorders: dysarthria & apraxia
EducationalConsiderations(pages 319-325) • Social Use of Language • Question-asking Strategies • Reading & Written Expression • Assessment of Progress
Early Intervention • Early Development: Children’s language, literacy, social development. • Family involvement-interactions w/parents. • Early Intervention in Delayed Language Development - Key elements: • What L. or non L. behavior do they imitate? • What do they comprehend? • What communication skills are spontaneously used? • What role does communication have in their lives?
Transition to Adulthood • Speech or language services – daily environment. • Functional communication. • Strategy training. • Is there a relation between family involvement and transition to adulthood? • Is family involvement more relevant than school intervention for transition to adulthood?
Useful Links • Tips for helping students with speech and language development: http://www.suite101.com/content/communication-disorders-in-the-classroom-a143234 • Online speech and language activities: http://www.angelfire.com/nj/speechlanguage/Onlineactivities.html • Frequently asked questions about speech and language disorders in the school setting: http://www.asha.org/public/speech/development/schoolsFAQ.htm • Strategies for inclusion of students with speech and learning disorders: http://www.livestrong.com/article/14717-classroom-strategies-for-inclusion-of-students-with-communication-and-learning-disorders/