Titles Title Statement and Variant Titles
Title Statement – MARC tag 245 Identifies the resource, including the title proper, other titles, numbering, part titles, and statement of responsibility
Definitions • Title proper: The title minus other title information, numbering, or part title • Part title: Name of part or section of a work • Other title information • Subtitle--Information used to qualify a title (often smaller font, not as prominent) • Parallel title--The title proper in another language • Alternative title--Usually follows the word “or” and found in books published before the 20th century
Where do you look? • AACR: Chief source of information • Differs depending on format • Books—title page or title page substitute if there’s no title page (cover, caption, colophon, etc.) • Sound recordings—disc or cassette label, then container, etc. • Videorecordings—credit frames, then container, etc. • RDA: Preferred source, or the part of the item that provides the most complete information
What if there’s no title on the chief source? • Take the title from somewhere else on the item, or from another source • Record the title in brackets, and include a note to indicate source of the title 245 10 $a[Henderson family history]. 500 _ _ $aTitle from book jacket.
What if there’s no title? Cataloger provides a title and records it in brackets 245 00 $a[Ballerina teddy bear]. 500 _ _ $aTitle supplied by cataloger.
MARC coding—title statement • Title proper: 245 _ _ $aTitle proper • Subtitle: 245_ _ $aTitle proper :$bsubtitle • Parallel title: 245_ _ $aTitle proper =$bParalleltitle • Alternative title: 245_ _ $aTitle proper, or, Alternative title • Part title: 245 _ _ $aTitle proper.$pPart title • Numbering: 245 _ _ $aTitle proper.$nNumbering,$pPart title • Note: Watch capitalization and punctuation!
MARC coding—tag 245 • MARC tag 245 is not repeatable, but some subfields are • Indicator 1 • 0 – if there is no 1XX field • 1 – if 1XX field is present • Indicator 2 – Nonfiling characters • 0 – no nonfiling characters (i.e., title does not start with an initial article) • 1-9 – number of nonfiling characters • Code as appropriate if title starts with initial article, including titles in another language
International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD) Punctuation • Punctuation that precedes some subfields or ends a field—used to separate elements of description • Prescribed punctuation • Colon before subtitle • Equals sign before parallel title • Slash before statement of responsibility • Period before numbering • Period or comma before part title • Ending punctuation
Recording the title • Transcribe title as it appears on the source • AACR exceptions: • Only first word and proper nouns are capitalized (this may vary depending on language of title) • Some punctuation is substituted • RDA • May enter capitalization as in AACR, or may transcribe as it appears on the source • Transcribe punctuation as on the source
Recording the title—cont. • DO transcribe grammatically linked phrases in the title proper • On title page: Judy Gorman’s vegetable cookbook • 245 10 $aJudy Gorman’s vegetable cookbook • DON’T transcribe introductory phrases in the title proper • On title page: Walt Disney presents Snow White • 245 10 $aSnow White • Add a variant title for the entire phrase
Recording the title—errors • AACR: transcribe as it is on the source; add [sic] or [i.e. with corrected form] and include variant title with correct form On title page: Songs for sumner fun • 245 10 $aSongs for sumner [sic] fun. or • 245 10 $aSongs for sumner [i.e. summer] fun • 246 3 $aSongs for summer fun • RDA: transcribe as it is on the source; add variant title with correct form On title page: Songs for sumner fun • 245 10 $aSongs for sumnerfun. • 246 3 $aSongs for summer fun
Recording the title--punctuation • Punctuation can be transcribed from the title page or added if needed for clarity • AACR--Exceptions are … which should be replaced with -- and [ ] which should be replaced with ( ) • RDA--Transcribe all punctuation exactly as it appears
Variant Title – MARC tag 246 Varying forms of title associated with the item, whether or not the title is on the item. Use if a title differs substantially from the title statement in field 245 and if it contributes to further identification of the item. Also use for tracing a portion of the title. (Excerpt from OCLC bibliographic formats and standards—bold added)
Variant titles • Variations of the title proper (i.e., spell out symbols or numbers, record a portion of the title, etc.) • Part titles • Cover titles • Spine titles • Running titles • Container titles • Parallel titles • Added title page titles
Recording variant titles • DO record as many variant titles as needed • MARC tag 246 is repeatable; subfields may or may not be repeatable • DON’T go crazy! • Don’t record every possible variation • Add variant titles that may be useful for finding the resource
Recording variant titles—cont. • DO capitalize the first word • 245 10 $aJudy Gorman’s vegetable cookbook. • 246 30 $aVegetable cookbook • DON’T include initial articles On title page: The guide to Barbie doll collecting On cover: The complete Barbie collecting guide • 245 04 $aThe guide to Barbie doll collecting. • 246 14 $aComplete Barbie collecting guide • DON’T add ending punctuation
Variant title--indicators • Indicator 1 (determines if variant title displays and is indexed) 1 Note, title added entry 3 No note, title added entry • Indicator 2(indicates source of variant; generates PAC label) Blank No information provided 0 Portion of title 1 Parallel title (title in another language on item) 2 Distinctive title (title for issue of a serial) 3 Other title 4 Cover title 5 Added title page title 6 Caption title (first page of print, usually contents page) 7 Running title (on each page of print, usually top) 8 Spine title