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  1. Mummification Main Menu Gods and Goddesses The Afterlife Step 2:Application Step 1: Information Practice Questions Step 3: Evaluation Quiz Enrichment Sources Help

  2. Mummification In this section, you will learn about how the ancient Egyptians prepared the bodies of the dead for the Afterlife. Home Next

  3. Mummification First: • The body is taken to an “ibu” (a tent where the embalmers mummify the body of the dead). • There the body is washed with palm wine and rinsed with water from the Nile River. Back Home Next

  4. Mummification Next: • The internal organs are removed through a cut on the side of the body. • The internal organs are packed in natron which will dry them out. • The heart is not taken out of the body because it will be needed in the Afterlife. Back Home Next

  5. Mummification Next: • The body is covered and stuffed with natron which will dry it out. • After forty days, the body is washed again and covered with oils to help the skin stay elastic. Back Home Next

  6. Mummification Then: • The dehydrated internal organs are wrapped in linen and returned to the body. • Finally, the body is covered with pleasant-smelling oils. Back Home Next

  7. Mummification Note: • In the past, when the internal organs were removed from a body they were placed in hollow canopic jars (shown to the left). • Later, embalmers began returning internal organs to bodies after being dried in natron. Back Home Next

  8. Mummification Finally: • The body is wrapped in linens. • Now, the body is ready for its journey through the underworld. • There, the heart will be judged by his good deeds on earth. Back Home Next

  9. Gods and Goddesses In this section, you will learn about some of the most important gods and goddesses that were worshipped by the ancient Egyptians. Home Next

  10. Gods and Goddesses Ra • Ra was the sun god of the ancient Egyptians. • He was also considered to be their most important god. Appearance: • Man with hawk head and headdress with a sun disk Back Home Next

  11. Gods and Goddesses Anubis • Anubis was the god of the dead and the embalming process. Appearance: • Man with a jackal head Back Home Next

  12. Gods and Goddesses Isis • Isis was the protective goddess. • She was believed to use magical spells to help those in need. Appearance: • Woman with a headdress in the shape of a throne. Back Home Next

  13. Gods and Goddesses Osiris • Osiris was the god of the dead and the underworld. Appearance: • Mummified man wearing a white cone-like headdress with feathers Back Home Next

  14. Gods and Goddesses Thoth • Thoth was the god of writing and knowledge. • The Egyptians believed he gave them the gift of hieroglyphics. Appearance: • Man with the head of an ibis. Back Home Next

  15. The Afterlife In this section, you will learn about the Afterlife and the journey Egyptians believed the dead took to get there. Home Next

  16. The Afterlife • To get to the Afterlife, Egyptians believed that one must pass through a treacherous place known as the underworld. • Here, they would face evil monsters, snakes, and fire pits. Back Home Next

  17. The Afterlife • These evils could be overcome by the right spells. • Egyptians often wrote down the spells on paper and left them in or near the coffin of the dead. Back Home Next

  18. The Afterlife • The greatest test of all was the Hall of Two Truths. • The heart was weighed against the Feather of Truth. (It was believed to hold all the sins and lies of the dead person.) Back Home Next

  19. The Afterlife • The 3 great gods, Osiris, Anubis and Thoth, decided the result of the weighing. • If the heart passed the test, the dead person was allowed to enter the gates of “Yaru” (The Afterlife). • If the heart failed, then it was eaten by a terrifying monster known as the devourer. Back Home Next

  20. Practice Makes Perfect Here you will find 5 multiple choice questions that will show you how much you have learned to see if more review is necessary before the quiz. Home Next Click “Next” if you are ready to practice. Click “Home” if you would like to review.

  21. Practice Makes Perfect • #1.) Which organ is not removed from the body of the dead during the embalming process? A Brain B Kidney C Heart To answer, click the letter corresponding to the answer you choose.

  22. Sorry! Next: • The internal organs are removed through a cut on the side of the body. • The internal organs are packed in natron which will dry them out. • The heart is not taken out of the body because it will be needed in the afterlife. Remember Back

  23. Correct! Congratulations! Next

  24. Practice Makes Perfect • #2.) Which god/goddess is represented by the head of a jackal? A Osiris B Anubis C Isis

  25. Sorry! Anubis • Anubis was the god of the dead and the embalming process. Appearance: • Man with a jackal head Remember Back

  26. Correct! Congratulations! Next

  27. Practice Makes Perfect • #3.) Which god/goddess is ruler of the underworld? A Osiris B Thoth C Ra

  28. Sorry! Osiris • Osiris was the god of the dead and the underworld. Appearance: • Mummified man wearing a white cone-like headdress with feathers Remember Back

  29. Correct! Congratulations! Next

  30. Practice Makes Perfect • #4.) What is another name for the Egyptian Afterlife? A Paradise B Yaru C Ibu

  31. Sorry! • The 3 great gods, Osiris, Anubis and Thoth, decided the result of the weighing. • If the heart passed the test, the dead person was allowed to enter the gates of “Yaru” (The Afterlife). Remember Back

  32. Correct! Congratulations! Next

  33. Practice Makes Perfect • #5.) What is the heart weighed against in the Hall of Two Truths? A The Feather of Truth B The Feather of Love C The Stone of Wisdom

  34. Sorry! • The greatest test of all was the Hall of Two Truths. • The heart was weighed against the Feather of Truth. (It was believed to hold all the sins and lies of the dead person.) Remember Back

  35. Correct! Congratulations! Click “Home” if you would like to review before the quiz. Click “Next” if you are ready to take the quiz. Home Next Next

  36. Quiz Here you will find 10 multiple questions that will require you to recall some of the information you learned in this presentation. Continue until you have answered every question correctly. Click “Home” if you would like to review before the quiz. Click “Next” if you are ready to take the quiz. Home Next

  37. Quiz • #1.) Where is the body taken for the mummification process? A The Hall of Two Truths B Yaru C Ibu

  38. Sorry! Review after the quiz if you need to. Back

  39. Correct! Congratulations! Next

  40. Quiz • #2.) What ingredient dries out the body and its internal organs? A hay B natron C sand

  41. Sorry! Review after the quiz if you need to. Back

  42. Correct! Congratulations! Next

  43. Quiz • #3.) Which organ is not removed from the body of the dead during the embalming process? A Brain B Heart C Liver

  44. Sorry! Review after the quiz if you need to. Back

  45. Correct! Congratulations! Next

  46. Quiz • #4.) Which god/goddess represents the sun? A Ra B Osiris C Isis

  47. Sorry! Review after the quiz if you need to. Back

  48. Correct! Congratulations! Next

  49. Quiz • #5.) Which god/goddess has the head of an ibis? A Thoth B Ra C Isis

  50. Sorry! Review after the quiz if you need to. Back