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The Vietnam War

The Vietnam War

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The Vietnam War

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  1. The Vietnam War

  2. Vietnam Pre-test • Which country fought a war to re-establish their colonial power in Vietnam just before the United States? • England • Germany • Japan • France • Which of the following countries IS NOT located in Southeast Asia? • Cambodia • China • Laos • Vietnam • Who was the Vietnamese nationalist that became the leader of North Vietnam during the Vietnam War? • Mao Tse-Tung • Tu Thong • Ho Chi Minh • Ngo Dinh Diem • Who was president in 1955 when the US began acting as an advisor to South Vietnam? • Harry S. Truman • Dwight D. Eisenhower • John F. Kennedy • Richard Nixon

  3. Vietnam Pre-test • The 1954 Geneva Conference ended the first Vietnam war and temporarily divided Vietnam at what location? • The 17th parallel • The 38th parallel • The Yalu River • The Gulf of Tonkin • What Cold War theory was used by leaders of the US government to justify our involvement in Vietnam? • Red Menace Theory • Iron Curtain Theory • House of Cards Theory • Domino Theory • What type of warfare did the Vietcong use against U.S. forces during the Vietnam War? • Germ • Chemical • Guerilla • Tank • Which part of Vietnam was controlled by the US and used as its military base of operations? • North Vietnam • East Vietnam • West Vietnam • South Vietnam

  4. Vietnam Pre-test • Which country fought a war in Vietnam just before the United States? • England • Germany • Japan • France • Which of the following countries IS NOT located in Southeast Asia? • Cambodia • China • Laos • Vietnam • Who was the Vietnamese nationalist that became the leader of North Vietnam during the Vietnam War? • Mao Tse-Tung • Tu Thong • Ho Chi Minh • Ngo Dinh Diem • Who was president in 1955 when the US began acting as an advisor to South Vietnam? • Harry S. Truman • Dwight D. Eisenhower • John F. Kennedy • Richard Nixon • The 1954 Geneva Conference ended the first Vietnam war and temporarily divided Vietnam at what location? • The 17th parallel • The 38th parallel • The Yalu River • The Gulf of Tonkin • What Cold War theory was used by leaders of the US government to justify our involvement in Vietnam? • Red Menace Theory • Iron Curtain Theory • House of Cards Theory • Domino Theory • What type of warfare did the Vietcong use against US forces during the Vietnam War? • Germ • Chemical • Guerilla • Tank • Which part of Vietnam was controlled by the US and used as its military base of operations? • North Vietnam • East Vietnam • West Vietnam • South Vietnam

  5. Vietnam War Timeline • 1946 The first Vietnam War begins • France attempts to reassert its imperial control over Vietnam • Vietnamese nationalists led by Ho Chi Minh • 1955-1960 STAGE 1 • US begins advisory role in Vietnam • Thousands of US military advisors sent to train South Vietnamese army • Vietcong Guerilla attacks begin in south • 1965-1968STAGE 3 • US begins combat role in Vietnam • First official combat troops arrive leading to dramatic escalation of the war • January 30, 1968 “Tet Offensive” • March 16, 1968 “My Lai Massacre” Truman • 1954 Geneva Conference • Ends first Vietnam war and “temporarily” divides the country at the 17th parallel • North Vietnam controlled by Ho Chi Minh and communist supporters • South Vietnam controlled by Ngo Kinh Diem and democratic supporters (US) • 1961-1964 STAGE 2 • US begins counterinsurgency role in Vietnam • Green Berets sent in and secrete military operations begin • November 1, 1963 Diem assassinated in US supported military coup • November 22, 1963 JFK assassinated • August, 1964 Gulf of Tonkin • 1968-1975 STAGE 4 • Vietnamization • US troop strength decreases slowly • Bombing raids stepped up secretly (Cambodia & Laos) • Anti war protests increase Ike Ike JFK Johnson Nixon

  6. Vietnam War Timeline • 1946 The first Vietnam War begins • France attempts to reassert its imperial control over Vietnam • Vietnamese nationalists led by Ho Chi Minh • 1955-1960 STAGE 1 • US begins advisory role in Vietnam • Thousands of US military advisors sent to train South Vietnamese army • Vietcong Guerilla attacks begin in south • 1965-1968STAGE 3 • US begins combat role in Vietnam • First official combat troops arrive leading to dramatic escalation of the war • January 30, 1968 “Tet Offensive” • March 16, 1968 “My Lai Massacre” Truman • 1954 Geneva Conference • Ends first Vietnam war and “temporarily” divides the country at the 17th parallel • North Vietnam controlled by Ho Chi Minh and communist supporters • South Vietnam controlled by Ngo Kinh Diem and democratic supporters (US) • 1961-1964 STAGE 2 • US begins counterinsurgency role in Vietnam • Green Berets sent in and secrete military operations begin • November 1, 1963 Diem assassinated in US supported military coup • November 22, 1963 JFK assassinated • August, 1964 Gulf of Tonkin • 1968-1975 STAGE 4 • Vietnamization • US troop strength decreases slowly • Bombing raids stepped up secretly (Cambodia & Laos) • Anti war protests increase Ike Ike JFK Johnson Nixon

  7. Vietnam War Timeline • 1946 The first Vietnam War begins • France attempts to reassert its imperial control over Vietnam • Vietnamese nationalists led by Ho Chi Minh • 1955-1960 STAGE 1 • US begins advisory role in Vietnam • Thousands of US military advisors sent to train South Vietnamese army • Vietcong Guerilla attacks begin in south • 1965-1968STAGE 3 • US begins combat role in Vietnam • First official combat troops arrive leading to dramatic escalation of the war • January 30, 1968 “Tet Offensive” • March 16, 1968 “My Lai Massacre” Truman • 1954 Geneva Conference • Ends first Vietnam war and “temporarily” divides the country at the 17th parallel • North Vietnam controlled by Ho Chi Minh and communist supporters • South Vietnam controlled by Ngo Kinh Diem and democratic supporters (US) • 1961-1964 STAGE 2 • US begins counterinsurgency role in Vietnam • Green Berets sent in and secrete military operations begin • November 1, 1963 Diem assassinated in US supported military coup • November 22, 1963 JFK assassinated • August, 1964 Gulf of Tonkin • 1968-1975 STAGE 4 • Vietnamization • US troop strength decreases slowly • Bombing raids stepped up secretly (Cambodia & Laos) • Anti war protests increase Ike Ike JFK Johnson Nixon

  8. Vietnam War Timeline • 1946 The first Vietnam War begins • France attempts to reassert its imperial control over Vietnam • Vietnamese nationalists led by Ho Chi Minh • 1955-1960 STAGE 1 • US begins advisory role in Vietnam • Thousands of US military advisors sent to train South Vietnamese army • Vietcong Guerilla attacks begin in south • 1965-1968STAGE 3 • US begins combat role in Vietnam • First official combat troops arrive leading to dramatic escalation of the war • January 30, 1968 “Tet Offensive” • March 16, 1968 “My Lai Massacre” Truman • 1954 Geneva Conference • Ends first Vietnam war and “temporarily” divides the country at the 17th parallel • North Vietnam controlled by Ho Chi Minh and communist supporters • South Vietnam controlled by Ngo Kinh Diem and democratic supporters (US) • 1961-1964 STAGE 2 • US begins counterinsurgency role in Vietnam • Green Berets sent in and secrete military operations begin • November 1, 1963 Diem assassinated in US supported military coup • November 22, 1963 JFK assassinated • August, 1964 Gulf of Tonkin • 1968-1975 STAGE 4 • Vietnamization • US troop strength decreases slowly • Bombing raids stepped up secretly (Cambodia & Laos) • Anti war protests increase Ike Ike JFK Johnson Nixon

  9. Vietnam War Timeline • 1946 The first Vietnam War begins • France attempts to reassert its imperial control over Vietnam • Vietnamese nationalists led by Ho Chi Minh • 1955-1960 STAGE 1 • US begins advisory role in Vietnam • Thousands of US military advisors sent to train South Vietnamese army • Vietcong Guerilla attacks begin in south • 1965-1968STAGE 3 • US begins combat role in Vietnam • First official combat troops arrive leading to dramatic escalation of the war • January 30, 1968 “Tet Offensive” • March 16, 1968 “My Lai Massacre” Truman • 1954 Geneva Conference • Ends first Vietnam war and “temporarily” divides the country at the 17th parallel • North Vietnam controlled by Ho Chi Minh and communist supporters • South Vietnam controlled by Ngo Kinh Diem and democratic supporters (US) • 1961-1964 STAGE 2 • US begins counterinsurgency role in Vietnam • Green Berets sent in and secrete military operations begin • November 1, 1963 Diem assassinated in US supported military coup • November 22, 1963 JFK assassinated • August, 1964 Gulf of Tonkin • 1968-1975 STAGE 4 • Vietnamization • US troop strength decreases slowly • Bombing raids stepped up secretly (Cambodia & Laos) • Anti war protests increase Ike Ike JFK Johnson Nixon

  10. Vietnam War Timeline • 1946 The first Vietnam War begins • France attempts to reassert its imperial control over Vietnam • Vietnamese nationalists led by Ho Chi Minh • 1955-1960 STAGE 1 • US begins advisory role in Vietnam • Thousands of US military advisors sent to train South Vietnamese army • Vietcong Guerilla attacks begin in south • 1965-1968STAGE 3 • US begins combat role in Vietnam • First official combat troops arrive leading to dramatic escalation of the war • January 30, 1968 “Tet Offensive” • March 16, 1968 “My Lai Massacre” Truman • 1954 Geneva Conference • Ends first Vietnam war and “temporarily” divides the country at the 17th parallel • North Vietnam controlled by Ho Chi Minh and communist supporters • South Vietnam controlled by Ngo Kinh Diem and democratic supporters (US) • 1961-1964 STAGE 2 • US begins counterinsurgency role in Vietnam • Green Berets sent in and secrete military operations begin • November 1, 1963 Diem assassinated in US supported military coup • November 22, 1963 JFK assassinated • August, 1964 Gulf of Tonkin • 1968-1975 STAGE 4 • Vietnamization • US troop strength decreases slowly • Bombing raids stepped up secretly (Cambodia & Laos) • Anti war protests increase Ike Ike JFK Johnson Nixon

  11. Vietnam War Timeline • 1946 The first Vietnam War begins • France attempts to reassert its imperial control over Vietnam • Vietnamese nationalists led by Ho Chi Minh • 1955-1960 STAGE 1 • US begins advisory role in Vietnam • Thousands of US military advisors sent to train South Vietnamese army • Vietcong Guerilla attacks begin in south • 1965-1968STAGE 3 • US begins combat role in Vietnam • First official combat troops arrive leading to dramatic escalation of the war • January 30, 1968 “Tet Offensive” • March 16, 1968 “My Lai Massacre” Truman • 1954 Geneva Conference • Ends first Vietnam war and “temporarily” divides the country at the 17th parallel • North Vietnam controlled by Ho Chi Minh and communist supporters • South Vietnam controlled by Ngo Kinh Diem and democratic supporters (US) • 1961-1964 STAGE 2 • US begins counterinsurgency role in Vietnam • Green Berets sent in and secrete military operations begin • November 1, 1963 Diem assassinated in US supported military coup • November 22, 1963 JFK assassinated • August, 1964 Gulf of Tonkin • 1968-1975 STAGE 4 • Vietnamization • US troop strength decreases slowly • Bombing raids stepped up secretly (Cambodia & Laos) • Anti war protests increase Ike Ike JFK Johnson Nixon

  12. Homework – The Vietnam War • Write a letter to President Nixon stating your opinion on the war. • If you are against it, state your reasons why, and what you plan to do about being drafted. • Would you burn your draft card in protest? • March in anti-war protests? • Would you practice non-violent or violent protest tactics? • If you are for it, state your reasons why, and how you would support it. • Would you volunteer to enlist? • Wait to be drafted? • Why?