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The ‘Vietnam War’ PowerPoint Presentation
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The ‘Vietnam War’

The ‘Vietnam War’

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The ‘Vietnam War’

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  1. The ‘Vietnam War’ Or The American War in Vietnam

  2. WHERE IS VIETNAM

  3. A LITTLE BIT OF HISTORYFRENCH COLONY 1886-1954 • Invasion: Vietnamese resistance in 19th C • 20thC – nobody would help except USSR • Nationalist hero: leader of independence movement: Nguyen Ai Quoc (the Patriot) = Ho Chi Minh (the Enlightened One)

  4. JAPANESE WAR 1941-45 • VIETNAMESE LED BY HO CHI MINH • ALLIES WITH USA: COMMON ENEMY • DECLARED INDEPENDENCE 1946 USING WORDS OF AMERICAN DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE FROM 1776

  5. BAC HO/UNCLE HO

  6. FRENCH WAR 1946-54 • FRANCE CAME BACK! (UNWANTED BY VIETNAMESE) • WAR • AMERICA SUPPORTED FRANCE BECAUSE HO WAS A SOCIALIST: PART OF COLD WAR AND SPREAD OF COMMUNISM • NO AMERICAN TROOPS: SUPPLIES/WEAPONS • FRANCE LOST: 1954 DIENBIENPHU BATTLE

  7. VIETNAM DIVIDED 1954

  8. CIVIL WAR 1959-64 • VIETNAM DIVIDED BY OUTSIDE POWERS: THEY DID NOT AGREE • NORTH A COMMUNIST COUNTRY • SOUTH A ‘DEMOCRACY’ (DICTATORSHIP BUT ANTI-COMMUNIST) • COMMUNIST REBELLION IN THE SOUTH • AIM: INDEPENDENCE & UNIFICATION • BY 1963 NLF (COMMUNISTS) WINNING

  9. AMERICA TO THE RESCUE 1964 • NORTH VIETNAM ‘INVADES’ SOUTH VIETNAM • Our purpose in Vietnam is to prevent the success of aggression. It is not conquest, it is not empire, it is not foreign bases, it is not domination. It is, simply put, just to prevent the forceful conquest of South Vietnam by North Vietnam.Lyndon B. Johnson: President of USAAmericans could not conceive that they would be unable to impose their will on what Lyndon Johnson once dismissed as that "raggedy-ass little fourth-rate country." There was no need to think in terms of strategy.

  10. AMERICA RECRUITS ALLIES 1965 • No support from any country in Europe • Australia New Zealand Philippines South Korea were the main allies • AUSTRALIA • 30 in 1962 7672 in 1970 • 60,000 served • 521 killed • 3000+ wounded

  11. ALL THE WAY WITH LBJ

  12. VIETNAM WAR BECOMES UNPOPULAR • INFLUENCE OF US ANTIWAR PROTESTS • PEOPLE STARTED TO RESEARCH VIETNAMESE HISTORY: WAS GOVERNMENT TELLING THE TRUTH? • WAR WASN’T BEING WON! • QUESTIONS OF MORALITY: WAS THE WAR RIGHT?

  13. AMERICAN MORATORIUM MOVEMENT • www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Kk-fdgrpqg • 1968 The Vietnam War brought down a President • Lyndon Johnson pulled out rather than risk losing to anti-war public opinion and Robert kennedy • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2-FibDxpkb0

  14. MORAL OUTRAGE AT IMAGES OF THE WAR

  15. SOUTH VIETNAMESE GOVERNMENT RESPONSE • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OuSHA0OKEkc

  16. EXECUTION IN THE STREET 1968

  17. US USE OF NAPALMA ‘JELLY’ WHICH BURNS THE SKIN

  18. US ANTIWAR MOVEMENT

  19. POSTERS

  20. PROTEST IN AUSTRALIA • www.youtube.com/watch?v=Thm03IUiJ6U • An antiwar march in Melbourne

  21. PROTEST POSTER AUSTRALIA

  22. AUSTRALIAN PROTESTS

  23. NATIONAL SERVICE: CONSCRIPTION • Ballot based on birth date • 20 Year old civilian men could be sent to Vietnam • 19,450 were: 200 were killed there • There was active resistance to this • Conscientious objectors • SAVE OUR SONS movement

  24. THE MORAL ARGUMENT • PRO-WAR • PATRIOTISM • LOYALTY • HELPING OUR FRIEND:USA • ANTI-WAR • THIS WAR IMMORAL • THIS WAR UNWINNABLE • AUSTRALIA SHOULD MAKE ITS OWN DECISIONS

  25. THE FAIRLEA FIVEJailed for 11 days for handing out leaflets

  26. IF YOU ARE WONDERING WHAT HAPPENED! • AMERICA OUT BY 1973 – declared a victory and withdrew! • AUSTRALIA OUT 1972: WHITLAM LABOUR GOVERNMENT • VIETNAM UNIFIED UNDER COMMUNIST GOVERNMENT: NORTHERN DOMINATED: 1975 • VIETNAM STILL UNIFIED: STILL COMMUNIST

  27. VIETNAM STILL PAYING THE PRICE • MORE BOMBS DROPPED ON VIETNAM THAN ON ALL CLOUNTRIES IN WW2 • AMERICANS USED CHEMICAL BOMBS IN SOUTH: AGENT ORANGE: DEFORMED BABIES STILL BEING BORN IN VIETNAM: SOME EX-SERVICEMEN’S HEALTH WAS AFFECTED