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Fort Sumter April 12, 1861 PowerPoint Presentation
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Fort Sumter April 12, 1861

Fort Sumter April 12, 1861

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Fort Sumter April 12, 1861

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Fort Sumter April 12, 1861

  2. The Presidents Pres. Jefferson Davis Pres. Abraham Lincoln

  3. Type of Battles Fought: North vs. South North fighting largely offensive war South fighting largely defensivewar

  4. Northern Strategies: A. Blockade the Southern Coast and B. Split the Confederacy by seizing the Mississippi River (Anaconda Plan)

  5. Blockade North’s navy allowed it form a blockade The North captured or destroyed ~1500 Confederate ships South’s cotton exports decreased 95% during the war The North could implement the Anaconda Plan and divide the South in half at the Mississippi

  6. However, the South’s long coastline, from the Gulf of Mexico up the Atlantic, made it difficult to implement the blockade South built many small, light, and fast “Blockade Runners” Early in the war, up to 95% of blockade running was successful blockade runner

  7. The North retained the entire Navy Most Naval officers stayed loyal to the North Lincoln commissioned over 500 naval ships The North commissioned the first ironclad warship, the USS Monitor The USS Monitor v. CSS Merrimac was the first battle of ironclad ships. It was a draw. Navy: North vs. South

  8. The Battle of the Ironclads,March, 1862 The Monitor vs.the Merrimac

  9. Battle of New Orleans – the North gained control of the mouth of the Mississippi River

  10. Turning Point of theWarin the West: Vicksburg July 4, 1863

  11. Northern Strategy: Destroy rail centers and knock out Confederate transportation hubs

  12. Battle of Atlanta

  13. Sherman’sMarchthroughGeorgiato theSea, 1864

  14. Presidential Election of 1864

  15. Lincoln’s re-election campaign w as greatly helped by the events in Atlanta and Georgia. • Read Lincoln’s second inaugural address.

  16. Northern Strategy: Seize the Confederate capital at Richmond, Virginia

  17. War in the East: Both sides fought to defend their capitals (USA - DC, CSA – Richmond)

  18. Battle of Bull Run (1st Manassas), July, 1861

  19. War in the East: 1861-1862

  20. Emancipation Proclamation

  21. “He has lost his left arm, but I have lost my right” – Robert E. Lee referring to the loss of Stonewall Jackson at Chancellorsville

  22. Turning Point of the War in the East: Gettysburg July 1-3 1863

  23. Gettysburg Casualties

  24. The Gettysburg Address: “…government of the people, by the people and for the people shall not perish from the earth”

  25. The Final Virginia Campaign:1864-1865

  26. Final surrender of Lee to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse April 9, 1865

  27. Civil War Casualtiesin Comparison to Other Wars