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Reforms & reformers

Reforms & reformers

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Reforms & reformers

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  1. Reforms & reformers Unit 2 Lesson 5 (Sections 18.1 – 18.4)

  2. Objectives • Identify major problems in industry, urban areas, politics, and society that resulted from industrialization. • Cite specific reforms that were implemented to address these issues. • Create a political cartoon that highlights a key piece of progressive legislation.

  3. Warm Up • Identify 2 of the 4 goals of the Progressive Movement. • Protect social welfare • Promote moral development • Create economic reform • Rid government of corruption

  4. Review • Origins? • Populist Mvmt • Issues? • Effects of rapid industrialization & urbanization • Expose? • Muckrakers

  5. Conditions Demand Reform • Reform Jigsaw Activity • Urbanization • Politics • Industry • Society • Directions • Groups of 4 – 1 problem per person • “Problems” get together • Back to group of 4 to share • “ Problems” back together, then do the same withreforms & reformers • Back to group of 4 to share

  6. Industry • Problems • Monopolies/trusts • Lack union • Price fixing • Conditions • Hours • Child/women • Product quality • No interstate regs • Low wages • Reforms • Anti-trust Acts • Collective Bargaining • ICC and FTC • Safety (fire) • Accident Comp • 8 hr day • Min wage • No child labor (14-16) • Conservation resources

  7. Industry • Reformers • Ida Tarbell – History of Standard Oil • Upton Sinclair – The Jungle • Eugene Debs - Socialists • Florence Kelley – Child labor, hrs, sweatshops • Mother Jones – org unions of workers (IWW) • Teddy Roosevelt

  8. Politics • Problems • Machines & bosses • Graft & kickbacks • Corruption • Patronage • Election fraud • Influence industry • Lack women’s voice • Reforms • Home rule • Commission/council • Initiative • Referendum • Recall • Secret ballot • Direct primary • Civil service • 17th Amend • 19th Amend

  9. Politics • Reformers • Robert LaFollette – Progressive Gov • Lincoln Steffens – The Shame of the Cities • Thomas Nast – poly cartoonist in NYC • Suffragists – (Susan B Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton) Lucretia Mott & Carrie Chapman Catt • Teddy Roosevelt

  10. Urban • Problems • Immigration • Overcrowding • Tenements/slums • Sanitation • Water • Crime & violence • Poverty • Health & disease • Reforms • Quotas • Building codes • City services • Playgrounds & parks • Police & fire • Public transport • Community centers • Free K

  11. Urban • Reformers • Jacob Riis – How the Other Half Lives

  12. Social • Problems • Discrimination • Alcoholism • Gambling • Crime & violence • Child Labor • Prostitution • Disease • Pollution • Reforms • NAACP • Temperance & 18th Amend • YMCA & Salvation Army • Free K – citizenship & literacy • Ethnic social clubs & settlement houses • Conservation

  13. Social • Reformers • Jane Addams – Hull House • Gifford Pinchot – conservation • Booker T Washington– African American vocational training • WEB DuBois – African American legal rights

  14. Activity 2 • In your groups, create a political cartoon that highlights the piece of legislation you were given.

  15. Closure • How successful were Progressives in achieving each of their four goals?