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The Battle of Fredericksburg

The Battle of Fredericksburg

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The Battle of Fredericksburg

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  1. The Battle of Fredericksburg December 13, 1862

  2. Agenda- Leadership- Logistics- The Plan- Civil War 150- Demonstration- Review- Reflection

  3. Word and Term of the Day • es·prit de corps • noun \is-ˌprē-də-ˈkȯr\ • the common spirit existing in the members of a group and inspiring enthusiasm, devotion, and strong regard for the honor of the group • Dullard • Part of Speech: noun • Definition: stupid person • Synonyms: dolt, simpleton • Antonyms: brain, genius

  4. Ambrose Burnside • Good Corps Commander • “assumed” control of the Army of the Potomac on November 15, 1862. • Remembered for three great failures (the bridge, Fredericksburg, and the crater)

  5. Joe Hooker • “Fighting” Joe • Egotistical • Commander of one of the newly created “Great wings” of the Army • Lost faith in Fighting Joe at Chancellorsville

  6. Joshua L. Chamberlain • College professor in Maine • Trapped on Mayre’s Heights during the battle • Defended the Union left flank at Gettysburg • Accepted the Rebel surrender at Appomattox Courthouse

  7. Robert E. Lee • Picture of “the 19th Century” Military Leader • Captured John Brown at Harper’s Ferry • Refused a leadership role in the Union Army - could not fight against Virginia • Home is now Arlington National Cemetery

  8. Thomas Jackson • Nicknamed “Stonewall” after the first Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) – Why two names? • Eccentric • Remembered for great troop movements and Chancellorsville

  9. James Longstreet • Defensive genius – many of his tactics were used through World War One • Fought with the “pro-Lee” forces about the failure of Gettysburg. • Became a Southern Republican after the war

  10. LogisticsBringing the men and material to the point of the battle, where and when needed. • List the necessary goods, services, and materials needed for battle!

  11. Burnside’s PlanTo cross the Rappahannock River on pontoon bridges (approx. date Nov 23)

  12. Burnside’s Plan – pontoon bridge

  13. Burnside’s Plan • Attack the lightly defended town of Fredericksburg (Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia is refitting and is spread out after the Battle of Antietam) • “Onward to Richmond” before Lee can reorganize his army

  14. Troop Deployment – Nov 1862

  15. Burnside’s Plan • What happened? – (video) • http://www.history.com/videos/battle-of-frederickson#battle-of-frederickson

  16. Burnside’s Plan – Why it failed • Delays, Delays, Delays ……. • Poor Leadership- married to a failing plan • Topography • Technology exceeds tactics

  17. Line of Battle

  18. Mayre’s Heights

  19. Demonstration • Class participation in the Union march on Mayre’s Heights • Compare to the driveway • Remember the Flag Bearer

  20. Recap – What to remember • Logistics. You can’t compete without it (in war or in business) • A good leader sees the forest through the trees (big picture thinking) • The courage (?) of the fighting man • For the Union, it was a devastating loss. • Technology exceeds tactics. It is still happening today?