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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

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  1. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Підготували учні 8-го класу М. Качкарської ЗШ І-ІІ ступенів Керівник Василенко М. Г.

  2. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

  3. IRELAND AND SCOTLAND

  4. IRELAND AND SCOTLAND NorthernIreland Northern Ireland consists of six of the traditional nine counties of the historic Irish province of Ulster. It was created as a distinct subdivision of the UK on 3 May 1921 under the Government of Ireland Act 1920, though its constitutional roots lie in the 1800 Act of Union between Great Britain and Ireland. For over 50 years it had its own devolved government and parliament. These institutions were suspended in 1972 and abolished in 1973. Repeated attempts to restore self-government finally resulted in the establishment of the present-day Northern Ireland Executive and Northern Ireland Assembly. The Assembly operates on consociational democracy principles requiring cross-community support.. Scotland The Kingdom of Scotland was an independent sovereign state prior to 1 May 1707, upon which date she entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England to create the united Kingdom of Great Britain. This union resulted from the Treaty of Union agreed in 1706 and enacted by the twin Acts of Union passed by the Parliaments of both countries, despite widespread protest across Scotland. Scotland's legal system continues to be separate from those of England, Wales, and Northern Ireland and Scotland still constitutes a distinct jurisdiction in public and in private law. The continued independence of Scots law, the Scottish education system, and the Church of Scotland have all contributed to the continuation of Scottish culture and Scottish national identity since the Union. Although Scotland is no longer a separate sovereign state, the constitutional future of Scotland continues to give rise to debate..

  5. ENGLAND AND WALES

  6. ENGLAND AND WALES VisitEngland England became a unified state in the year 927 and takes its name from the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes who settled there during the 5th and 6th centuries. It has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world being the place of origin of the English language, the Church of England, and English law, which forms the basis of the common law legal systems of countries around the world. In addition, England was the birth place of the Industrial Revolution, thus being the first country in the world to industrialise. It is home to the Royal Society, which laid the foundations of modern experimental science. England has the world's oldest parliamentary system, and consequently, other constitutional, governmental and legal innovations that stemmed from England have been widely adopted by other nations. VisitWales The capital Cardiff is Wales's largest city with 317,500 people. For a period it was the biggest coal port in the world and, for a few years before World War One, handled a greater tonnage of cargo than either London or Liverpool.Two-thirds of the Welsh population live in South Wales, with another concentration in eastern North Wales. Many tourists have been drawn to Wales's "wild... and picturesque" landscapes. From the late 19th century onwards, Wales acquired its popular image as the "land of song", attributable in part to the revival of the eisteddfod tradition. Actors, singers and other artists are celebrated in Wales today, often achieving international success. Cardiff is the largest media centre in the UK outside of London..

  7. PLACES OF INTEREST MODERN BUILDING IN IRELAND AND AN OLD CASTLE IN SCOTLAND

  8. PLACES OF INTEREST BIG BEN AND WESTMINSTER ABY, ONE OF PRETTY SMALL HOUSES IN WALLES

  9. FLAGS Flags of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

  10. SIGHTSEING OF THE UK. WESTMINSTER ABBY Вестминстерское аббатство, - традиционное место коронации и захоронения королей Великобритании. По преданию, первая церковь была основана на том месте, где одному рыбаку было видение святого Петра. С тех пор аббатство каждый год получает лосося в дар от лондонской гильдии рыболовов. BIG BEN (БигБен)Именно эти всемирно известные часы определят наступление Нового года по Гринвичу. Часы начали строить в 1837 году, а завершили работу в 1859-м. Открытие приурочили к восхождению на трон королевы Виктории. С тех пор часы стали одним из главных символов Англии и Лондона.  BUCKINGHAM PALACE(Букингемский дворец)Наверное, самая древняя и любимая национальная традиция - это монархия. Ее символ - Букингемский дворец - резиденция королевы Елизаветы II, ныне открытая для осмотра широкой публике. 

  11. STONEHENGE Легендарный Стоунхендж (датируется примерно 3100 - 1800 г. до н.э.) - наиболее известный доисторический участок в Европе. О назначении Стоунхенджа ведутся cпоры на протяжении многих столетий, среди версий были и предположение о том, что это храм древних кельтов, и астрономическая обсерватория, и то, что творцами этого мегалитического кольца из вертикальных каменных плит были инопланетяне, но загадка его так и не разгадана.  BEN NEVIS Самая высокая гора в Шотландии.