What is Ayurveda A HOLISTIC SCIENCE OF LIFE, whose principles are applied to maintain Health of the---- • Body • Mind • Soul
AYURVEDA Āyus + Veda = Ayurveda Ayus means -> longevity(refers to all aspects of life from birth to death) Veda means - > “ knowledge” or “science”(at the deepest level).
EIGHT BRANCHES OF AYURVEDA Kaaya-chikitsa --- Internal medicine. Kaumarabhrtyam--- Pediatrics. Shalya-chikitsa --- Surgery. Shalakayatantra --- Eye & ENT. Bhutavidya ---- Demonic possession(psychiatry) Agadtantra --- Toxicology. Rasayana --- Immunity and rejuvenation. Vajikaranam --- Aphrodisiacs & improving health of progeny
AIM OF AYURVEDA • To promote, protect and maintain the health of a healthy person. • To treat and prevent the disease of a person.
Topics • Tridosha • Prakriti • Diet
BASIC PRINCIPLES OF AYURVEDA • Theory of Panchamahabhuta (five basic elements). • Tridoshas (Three doshas): Regulator of body metabolism. • Driving force - Agni (biological fire). • Application of Ayurvedic fundament for betterment of our lives.
PANCHMAHABHOOTA All matter in the universe is comprised of five elements. These are known as panchamahabhuta: Akasha -ether -auditory sensation of sound (sharsda) - sensory organ - ear. Vayu - air -sensation of touch (sparsha) – sensory organ- skin Thejo - fire - visual impute of colour (rupa) - sensory organ- eyes Apo - water - taste sensation (rasa) - sensory organ- tongue Pruthuvi - earth - sensation of smell &odour (gandha) - sensory organ - nose
CHARACTERS OFPANCHAMAHABHOOTA • Human body has definite mass :Prithvi • Human body has definite motion : Vayu • It contains several structures :Akaasha • It shows definite color, brightness and accomplishes digestion :Teja • All structure are have strong bonding with each other :Jala
PANCHAMAHABHOOTA & THREE DOSHAS (HUMOURS) The three Doshas have the following composition Panchamahabhootas are concerned: • Vata - Space + Air • Pitta - Fire + Water • Kapha - Water + Earth
PANCHMAHABHOOTAS & PERCEPTION OF 6 TASTES Each taste that is perceived by the tongue has also been said to comprise of Panchamahabhootas in different proportions. A definite combination of two basic elements forms 6 types of taste. These are as follows : • Sweet - Earth + water----Banana., milk, natural sugar. • Sour - Earth + Fire ----Yogurt , fermented foods , peaches , apricots, cherries, apples • Salt - Fire + Water ---- Salts • Bitter - Fire + Air ----spinach , coffee, neem , orange peel, dark vegs • Pungent - Fire+ space ---- spices(black pepper, ginger) • Astringent - Earth + Air --- amla, arjuna, jamun
POST-DIGESTIVE EFFECT Sweet and Salty Rasa ------ Sweet Vipaka Sour Rasa Rasa ------ Sour Vipaka Pungent ,Bitter and Astringent Rasa ---- Pungent Vipaka
TRIDOSHAS • VATA DOSHA • PITTA DOSHA • KAPHA DOSHA
DOSHAS AND STAGES OF LIFE • Childhood ----- Kapha dominance • Young age ----- Pitta dominance • Old age ------ Vata dominance
Doshas and their Functions • Vata --- separation/movement • Pitta --- conversion/transformation • Kapha --- cohesion/liquidity
Functions of VATA • Vata promotes and regulates the activities of the mind. • Vata governs the intestinal motility facilitating the downward movement of food we consume. • Vata governs whole process of respiration. • Vata generates consciousness and expression. • Vata stimulates the activities of Pittaand Kapha . • Vataassists in the fusion of the sperm and ovum to create the zygote, ensures it's healthy development and expulsion from the uterus. • Vata stimulates the expulsion of wastes from the body.
Functions of PITTA • Pitta generates and maintains some natural urges, like hunger, thirst. • Pitta represents various secretions, responsible for digestion. • Pitta regulates the complexion and luster of skin. • Pitta helps in the maintenance of vision. • Pitta supports certain mental phenomenon like intellectual comprehension, Conviction, courage. • It causes "Thermo-regulation" ,which is an important function of Pitta.
Functions of KAPHA • Kapha maintains the structural integrity and confines Individual organs to their specific location. • It protects the bodily organs against physiological injury. • Kapha imparts immunity against diseases. • It maintains the fluid balance. • Mental phenomenon like, intellectual stability, determinations are governed by Kapha.
GUNAS Properties OF Doshas
VATA Dry : It resembles dryness of skin and dull hair. Quick : Quick ability to learn, restless in activity, impulsive mind & nature, short sleep, and fast speech. Cold : Cold increases Vata. Light : Fasting for several days increase Vata and makes body light.
PITTA Hot : Leads to inflammation, fever, flushed hot skin, short temper and anger. Sharp : Sharp body and mind, speech, sharp learning ability. Moist : Sweating. Fluid :Pitta is in a liquid state for example like juices from stomach and pancreas. Sour : Bad breath, body odor are a result of this property of Pitta(CAUSES FERMENTATION) Bright & Shiny :Brightness and shine in the body is related with Pitta. It is Pitta which gives the body shiny luster and brightness.
KAPHA Heavy : Heaviness in the body is associated with Kapha. Sweet : Sweet things increase Kapha Increase in weight is the function assigned to sweetness of Kapha.Soft : It resembles soft hair and soft skin. Slow : Sluggishness in work, slow but steady learning process and longevity of life.
TYPES OF DOSHAS Each Dosha is further divided into five types depending on the place where it is located (site) and the functions (action) it carries out.
TYPES OF VATA PRANA VAYU Site: Brain, Nose, Throat Site of action: Head is the vital performer of Vata. PranaVayu performs vital function of respiration, Heart functions, emotions and all the sense stimulation come under direct control of this type.
UADANA VAYU Site: - Chest and throat.Site of action: Nose, Umbilical region and throat • It acts in upward direction. • It is mainly associated with orientation of speech. • Production of energy and power in the body are linked with UdanaVayu. • It regulates of respiration.
SAMANA VAYU Site: Gastrointestinal tract. Site of action: Gastrointestinal tract. • Mixing of ingested food with digestive juices and enzymes that are required to act on food material is the prime function of this type. • Regulates peristaltic movements and appropriate secretion of juices into the digestive system.
VYANA VAYU Site of action: Whole body • This vayu flows in pranic channels called nadis & influences all other vayu Performs functions involving almost all systems and each and every cell. • It maintains the blood circulation in the physical body& gives body shape, flexibility & sensitivity • Is responsible for nerve impulse conduction & the perception of touch by means of skin. Maintains the rhythm of the heartbeats, dilatation and constriction of vessels.
APANA VAYU Site: Pelvis, Urinary Tract and the Reproductive system Site of action : Pelvic Urinary Tract and Reproductive system. • This acts in downward direction. • Responsible for elimination of waste products like urine and stool. • For passage of menstruation bleed every month and for sexual functions.
TYPES OF PITTA PACHAK PITTA Site: Stomach & small intestines. • Responsible for digestion. The efficacy of digestion is controlled by making it hot, slow, more or less • The smallest, atomic types of cells receive the nutrient through the digestion and it differentiates food into nutrients and waste products.
RANJAKA PITTA Site: Liver, spleen, liver red blood cells. • The complex process of production of blood cells, balancing blood chemistry. • Gives pigmentation to the skin & the red color to the blood • Supply of nutrients to the organs through the circulation are all controlled and regulated by it.
ALOCHAKA PITTA Site: Eyes Maintains good Sight and Vision. • It performs the actual process of vision. • Any vision related disorder irrespective of anatomical structure involved is associated with this type.
SADHAKA PITTA Site: Heart • It controls the memory and contenment of the person. • The dharma, artha, kama and moksha are being controlled by it, as the heart is the main place for securing all these. • The intellect, memory and the retention are all controlled by the sadhakapitta. The feelings of anger, happiness, love and devotion are associated with SadhakaPitta.
BHRAJAKA PITTA Site: Skin Gives the natural glow, luster, color and brightness to the skin.
TYPES OF KAPHA The primary functions of Kapha are structural stability and to bring about moistness/lubrication. Kapha acts as lubricating and/or insulating material between the surfaces where maximum friction is expected.
KLEDAKA KAPHA Site: Stomach • It is situated between the inner linings of the mucous membranes of the stomach. • It lubricates the food, helps them to mix with juices & forms a protective covering over the inner line of gastric mucosa.
AVALAMBAKA KAPHA Site: Chest, lungs • It keeps the chest, lungs, and back very strong. • It facilitates strong muscles and protects the heart.
BODHAKA KAPHA Site: Tongue • Helps in the identification of tastes. • Salivation and primary lubrication of food are its prime functions.
SHLESHAKA KAPHA Site: Joints • It lubricates every joint in the body. • The union among the cells is controlled by shleshakakapha. • Keeps the joints and tissues well lubricated.
TARPAKA KAPHA Site: Head and sinus cavities. Keeps the nose, mouth, eyes moist and well protected.
VITTATED DOSHAS • Vittated Prana Vayu : Asthma • Vittated Samana Vayu : Indigestion • Vittated pachak Pitta : I.B.S,indigestion • Vittated Ranjak Pitta : Anemia • Vittated Shleshaka Kapha : Arthritis • Vittated Bodhaka Kapha : Loss of taste.
SYMTOMS OF VATA IMBALANCE • PranaVata - Worries, overactive mind, sleep problems, difficulty in breathing. • UdanaVata - Dry coughs, sore throats, earaches, general fatigue. • SamanaVata - Slow or rapid digestion, flalulence, intestinal cramps, poor assimilation, weak tissues. • ApanaVata - Intestinal cramps, menstrual problems, lower back pain, irregularity, diarrhea, constipation, flatulence,infertility. • VyanaVata - Dry or rough skin, nervousness, poor blood flow, stress-related problems.