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Hospitality

Hospitality

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Hospitality

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  1. Hospitality

  2. What Is Hospitality? • Defined (Merriam Webster) • “hospitable treatment, reception or disposition” • hospitable: “given to generous and cordial reception of guests…offering a pleasant or sustaining environment…readily receptive”

  3. What Is Hospitality? • Words “hospitality” or “hospitable” only used 4 times in NKJV, but the ideas behind it is mentioned repeatedly. • Xenia (Acts 28:23, Philemon 22): “lodging” • Xenizo (Acts 10:6,18,23,32; 21:16; 28:7; Hebrews 13:2): “to entertain; receive as a guest; to lodge” • Philoxenia (Romans 12:13, Hebrews 13:2) “love of strangers” • Philoxenos (1Timothy 3:2, Titus 1:8, 1Peter 4:9) “to exhibit hospitality” • Philagathos (Titus 1:8) “lover of good” • Philanthropia (Acts 28:2) “love toward men” • Philophronos (Acts 28:7) “courteous” • Hupolambano (3John 8) “to receive; welcome; entertain” • Sunago (Matthew 25:35,38,43) “take in; receive hospitality”

  4. What Is Hospitality? • Attitude: Lover of good, courteous, welcome, generous • Action: Feed, rest, entertain, lodge, shelter • Audience: Guest, friend, neighbor, stranger, the poor • “The hospitality of today, by which is meant the entertainment of friends or relatives, hardly comes within the Biblical use of the term as denoting a special virtue” (ISBE, Vol. 3, p. 1433)

  5. Examples of Hospitality • Old Testament Examples • Abraham to messengers of God (Genesis 18:1-8) • Lot, the same and was saved (Genesis 19:1-11; cfJudges 19:22ff) • Rebekah to her future father-in-law’s servant (Genesis 24:15-27) • Israelites commanded (Deuteronomy 10:13-19; 15:11) • Manoah, Samson’s father, to an Angel of the Lord (Judges 13:15) • Nehemiah to 150+ Jews & rulers (Nehemiah 5:17ff) • Job to poor, widow, orphans, travelers, (Job 31:16-23,31-32) • Worthy woman to poor, needy (Proverbs 31:20)

  6. Examples of Hospitality • Old Testament Circumstances • Nomadic culture with few inns • Given bread, water, meat, curds, milk provided • Feet washed, heads anointed with oil, rest offered • Animals fed & watered • Accommodations offered, protection given

  7. Examples of Hospitality • New Testament Examples • Matthew, great feast for Jesus (Luke 5:29-32) • Good Samaritan (Luke 10:30-35) • Simon the tanner kept Peter (Acts 10:5-6,23) • Cornelius, Lydia & the Jailor (Acts 10:48; 16:15,34,40) • Philip & Mnason kept traveling disciples (Acts 21:8,16) • Barbarians on Malta & Publius to Paul and those with him (Acts 28:1-10) • Philemon to prepare for Paul (Philemon 22) • Gaius hosted Paul (Romans 16:23; 3John 5-8)

  8. Examples of Hospitality • New Testament Circumstances • Persecution scattered Christians • Traveling preachers • Poverty, poor public assistance • Low standard inns • Food • Care for the body • Lodging (Gr. kataluma, inn, guest room; Luke 2:7; 22:11; pandokion(kus); Luke 10:34-35)

  9. Hospitality Is a Duty of… • Elders • 1Timothy 3:2 “A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, temperate, sober-minded, of good behavior, hospitable, able to teach;” • Titus 1:7-8 “For a bishop must be blameless, as a steward of God, not self-willed, not quick-tempered, not given to wine, not violent, not greedy for money, 8 but hospitable, a lover of what is good, sober-minded, just, holy, self-controlled”

  10. Hospitality Is a Duty of… • Widows • 1Timothy 5:10 “…well reported for good works: if she has brought up children, if she has lodged strangers, if she has washed the saints’ feet, if she has relieved the afflicted, if she has diligently followed every good work.”

  11. Hospitality Is a Duty of… • All Christians • Galatians 6:2 “Bear one another’s burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ.”

  12. Hospitality is a Work of the Individual, NOT a Work of the Church • Acts 2:46 “So continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, they ate their food with gladness and simplicity of heart,” • 1Corinthians 11:22,34 “:22 What! Do you not have houses to eat and drink in? Or do you despise the church of God and shame those who have nothing? What shall I say to you? Shall I praise you in this? I do not praise you.” “:34 But if anyone is hungry, let him eat at home, lest you come together for judgment.”

  13. Showing Hospitality God’s Way Has Far Reaching Results • Helps convert the lost • Helps prevents apostasy in the church • 1Corinthians 15:33 “Do not be deceived: ‘Evil company corrupts good habits.’” • Helps prevent division in the church • When we don’t know each other and our different circumstances, it’s easy to jump to judgmental conclusions when we are outside looking in. • Galatians 5:19-21 and 2Corinthians 12:20 , sins avoided by hospitality

  14. Showing Hospitality God’s Way Has Far Reaching Results • Helps restore the erring brother or sister • 1Corinthians 5:11 “But now I have written to you not to keep company with anyone named a brother, who is sexually immoral, or covetous, or an idolater, or a reviler, or a drunkard, or an extortioner—not even to eat with such a person.”

  15. Conclusion • In Luke 18:22, Jesus gave the rich young ruler a hard to hear command “Sell you that you have and distribute to the poor…” • Is Hospitality that for you? • Start small, work big