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  1. Before Reading_Main Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading 1. Word Web 2. Listening Comprehension 3. Background Information William Shakespeare Mark Twain Behavior and Behavioral Sciences 4. Warm-up Questions

  2. appreciate flatter Before Reading_1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Word Web Directions: Figure out the expressions related to the word “praise”. pats on the back excellence PRAISE sunshine compliment pleasure

  3. Before Reading_2_Listening Comprehension Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Listening Comprehension Directions: Listen to the paragraph about tip and answer the following questions. (1) What was the original use of a tip? It was used to insure prompt service or to speed service. (2)What is the amount of money for a tip? It is about 10% to 20% to their bills. (3)Who depends largely on tips? Waiters and waitresses depend largely on tips. ■

  4. Before Reading_2_Listening Comprehension Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading A tip is a small gift of money for service, usually in addition to payment due. Originally, it was used to insure prompt service or to speed service. But nowadays, it is a common practice for most American and European hotels and restaurants to add a service charge of about 10% to 20% to their bills, and many guests feel impelled to tip above this. On the other hand, many waiters and waitresses depend largely on tips for their livelihood.

  5. Before Reading_3_William Shakespeare Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading William Shakespeare William Shakespeare (1564-1616) was an English playwright and poet, recognized in much of the world as the greatest of all dramatists. His style: His plays communicate a profound knowledge of the sources of human behavior, revealed through portrayals of a wide variety of characters. His use of poetry within his plays to express the deepest levels of human motivation in various situations is considered one of the greatest accomplishments in literary history. His famous plays: Romeo and Juliet Much Ado About Nothing A Midsummer Night’s Dream The Merchant of Venice Hamlet Macbeth

  6. Before Reading_3_Mark Twain Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Mark Twain Mark Twain (1835-1910) is the pen name of Samuel Langhorne Clemens, a great American writer and humorist. His style: His best work is characterized by broad, often irreverent humor or biting social satire. Twain’s writing is also known for realism of place and language, memorable characters, and hatred of hypocrisy(伪善)and oppression(压迫). His famous work: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885) The book is the story of the title character, known as Huck, a boy who flees his father by rafting down the Mississippi River with a runaway slave, Jim.

  7. Before Reading_3_ Behavior and Behavioral Sciences Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Behavior and Behavioral Sciences Directions: Listen to the passage about behavior and behavioral sciences and fill in the missing words. Behavior is anything that a living creature does. With human beings the word often refers to acts that other persons can if they happen to be present. Actually, all and ways of acting are behavior. These include a person’s thoughts, , feelings, needs, and the responses of his muscles and glands. Behavior sciences deal with the of human actions, especially those actions that develop out of interpersonal , usually including the fields of sociology, social and anthropology, education and . observe ______ responses ________ emotions ________ subject ______ relations _______ cultural ______ _________ psychology ■

  8. Before Reading_4_Warm-up Questions Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Warm-up Questions 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) What did your parents do when you made a mistake? And how about the teacher? What kind of feeling do you have when you are praised? How do you feel when you are blamed? Do you often praise people or criticize them? How do Chinese usually do with praise? (= “It’s nothing.” “ Don’t mention it.” Or other words to conceal our actual happy feelings in order to show our modesty.) Do you think that punishment is the way to make a child learn?

  9. Globe Reading_main Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading 1. Part Division of the Text 2. True or False 3. Further Understanding For Part 1 Questions and Answers Role-play For Part 2 Dictation For Part 3 Blank Filling Report Completion Reading Comprehension For Part 4 Discussion

  10. Globe Reading._1_Part Division of the Text Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Part Division of the Text Parts Lines Main Ideas An example that shows the importance of praise. 1 1—15 The possible reasons why people are so chary about giving praise. 2 16—34 The author takes people of different sorts for example and further explains that praise can bring about unexpected good effect on them. 3 35—77 The author encourages people to give more praise to others. 4 78—85

  11. Globe Reading_ 2_True or False1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading True or False • The author had decided to quit her job but a few words of praise from a customer changed her mind. () T () 2. We are reluctant to criticize but eager to praise other people. F According to the author, we are often eager to criticize but reluctant to praise other people. 3. One of the author’s friends is good at languages and this ability has enabled her to make friends with foreigners. () F She is not much of a linguist. 4. According to the author, people often feel embarrassed when they hear compliments. T ( )

  12. Globe Reading_ 2_True or False2 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading 5. Of all people, housewives need praise the most. () T 6. Mothers need to be told that for children an ounce of praise is worth a pound of scolding. () F They know that instinctively. 7. Through experiments it has been learned that a person tends to repeat his behavior if such behavior is rewarded. () T 8. In most schools, students who fail to get praise are the ones who need it the most. () T

  13. Globe Reading._3_Questions and Answers Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Questions and Answers 1. 2. 3. How did the writer feel at the end of her first day as waitress in a restaurant? How did she feel when the father with several children had changed the ice-cream order a dozen times? How come her exhaustion vanished all of a sudden?

  14. Tips Globe Reading._ 3_Role-play1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Role-play Characters: waiters, a family, a manager Task: order in a restaurant, give tips and ask for feeling Complimenting: • You really look great today! • What a wonderful house you have! • That is not a bad bike you’ve got! • I really like your hair style / dress! • The meal, especially the dumpling, is delicious!

  15. Tips Globe Reading._ 3_Role-play2 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Role-play Responses: • Thanks. • I am glad you like it too. • I am very glad you think so. • Thank you. It’s so nice of you to say so. • You are flattering me. / I am flattered. • Thank you. It’s really nothing special. Wrong Responses: • No, no, it’s nothing. • It’s not so good. You cannot say so. • Don’t say that. • Welcome. It’s my duty.

  16. Globe Reading._ 3_Dictation Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Dictation Listen to the following paragraph and then fill in the missing words. Praise is like to the human spirit; we can’t and without it. And yet, while most of us are only too ready to to others the cold wind of , we are somehow to give our fellows the warm sunshine of sunlight _______ flower _____ grow ____ _____ apply criticism _______ ________ reluctant praise _____. ■

  17. Globe Reading._ 3_ Blank Filling Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Blank Filling According to the author, unexciting and routine jobs that generally go unnoticed are , , , , . paper-delivery gas-station work cleaning _______ laundry ______ ___________ ______________ house-keeping ____________

  18. Globe Reading._ 3_ Report Completion1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Report Completion Directions: You are required to read Line 71 to Line 83 and then complete the following report of the experiment made by behavioral scientists. Purpose: To prove that any human being tends to repeat an act which has been immediately followed by a pleasant result. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________ School children. _____________ Objects of experiment: Process: Children are divided into three groups. One group was consistently praised for its previous performance; another group was criticized; the third was ignored. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  19. Globe Reading._ 3_ Report Completion2 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Results: Those who were praised improved dramatically. Those who were criticized improved some. Those who were ignored hardly improved at all. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Brightest children were helped just as much by criticism as by praise, but the less able children reacted badly to criticism, needed praise most. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Conclusion: Unexpected findings: The less able children in most schools fail to get the pat on the back. ________________________________________________________

  20. KEY KEY Globe Reading_3_ Reading Comprehension1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Reading Comprehension Go over Part 3 again and complete the multiple choices. • What can you infer from Line 35 to Line 43? • a. The more a person does, the more praise he will receive. • b. People usually give more praise to those whose work is not hard • and dirty. • c. Paper boys get most of the praise from customers. • d. Paper boys don’t know how to accept compliments gracefully. 2. According to the writer, who should be given particular praise? a. A film star. d. A cook. b. An artist. c. A housewife.

  21. KEY KEY Globe Reading_3_ Reading Comprehension2 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading 3. What can you learn from the dialogue between the writer and her daughter? a. It is better to scold the children than to praise them. b. Parents should never scold their children. c. Parents don’t know how to make children play peacefully at home. d. It does their children more good to praise than to scold them. 4. According to this part, teacher should ______. a. ask students to leave margins for praise b. give students favorable comments over their previous work c. always know that students are eager to be praised d. always ask students to hand in something above their usual standard

  22. KEY Globe Reading3_ Reading Comprehension3 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading 5. The author’s attitude about praise is_____. a. positive b. negative c. doubtful d. critical

  23. Globe Reading._ 3_ Discussion Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Discussion Do you agree with the author’s opinion that we should be alert to the small excellence around us and comment on them? Why or why not?

  24. Article_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Are we too quick to blame and slow to praise? It seems we are.

  25. Article1-2_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading PROFITS OF PRAISE Janet Graham It was the end of my exhausting first day as waitress in a busy New York restaurant. My cap had gone awry, my apron was stained, my feet ached. The loaded trays I carried felt heavier and heavier. Weary and discouraged, I didn’t seem able to do anything right. As I made out a complicated check for a family with several children who had changed their ice-cream order a dozen times, I was ready to quit. Then the father smiled at me as he handed me my tip. “Well done,” he said. “You’ve looked after us really well.”

  26. Article3-5_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Suddenly my tiredness vanished. I smiled back, and later, when the manager asked me how I’d liked my first day, I said, “Fine!” Those few words of praise had changed everything. Praise is like sunlight to the human spirit; we cannot flower and grow without it. And yet, while most of us are only too ready to apply to others the cold wind of criticism, we are somehow reluctant to give our fellows the warm sunshine of praise. Why — when one word can bring such pleasure? A friend of mine who travels widely always tries to learn a little of the language of any place she visits. She’s not much of a linguist, but she does know how to say one word — “beautiful” — in several languages. She can use it to a mother holding her baby, or to a lonely salesman fishing out pictures of his family. The ability has earned her friends all over the world.

  27. Article6-7_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading It’s strange how chary we are about praising. Perhaps it’s because few of us know how to accept compliments gracefully. Instead, we are embarrassed and shrug off the words we are really so glad to hear. Because of this defensive reaction, direct compliments are surprisingly difficult to give. That is why some of the most valued pats on the back are those which come to us indirectly, in a letter or passed on by a friend. When one thinks of the speed with which spiteful remarks are conveyed, it seems a pity that there isn’t more effort to relay pleasing and flattering comments. It’s especially rewarding to give praise in areas in which effort generally goes unnoticed or unmentioned. An artist gets complimented for a glorious picture, a cook for a perfect meal. But do you ever tell your laundry manager how pleased you are when the shirts are done just right? Do you ever praise your paper boy for getting the paper to you on time 365 days a year?

  28. Article8-9_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Praise is particularly appreciated by those doing routine jobs: gas-station attendants, waitresses — even housewives. Do you ever go into a house and say, “What a tidy room?” Hardly anybody does. That’s why housework is considered such a dreary grind. Comment is often made about activities which are relatively easy and satisfying, like arranging flowers, but not about jobs which are hard and dirty, like scrubbing floors. Shakespeare said, “Our praises are our wages.” Since so often praise is the only wage a housewife receives, surely she of all people should get her measure. Mothers know instinctively that for children an ounce of praise is worth a pound of scolding.Still, we’re not always as perceptive as we might be about applying the rule. One day I was criticizing my children for squabbling. “Can you never play peacefully?” I shouted. Susanna looked at me quizzically.

  29. Article10_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading “Of course we can,” she said. “But you don’t notice us when we do." Teachers agree about the value of praise. One teacher writes that instead of drowning students’ compositions in critical red ink, the teacher will get far more constructive results by finding one or two things which have been done better than last time, and commenting favorably on them. “I believe that a student knows when he has handed in something above his usual standard,” writes the teacher, “and that he waits hungrily for a brief comment in the margin to show him that the teacher is aware of it, too.”

  30. Article11-12_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Behavioral scientists have done countless experiments to prove that any human being tends to repeat an act which has been immediately followed by a pleasant result. In one such experiment, a number of schoolchildren were divided into three groups and given arithmetic tests daily for five days. One group was consistently praised for its previous performance; another group was criticized; the third was ignored. Not surprisingly, those who were praised improved dramatically. Those who were criticized improved also, but not so much. And the scores of the children who were ignored hardly improved at all. Interestingly the brightest children were helped just as much by criticism as by praise, but the less able children reacted badly to criticism, needed praise the most. Yet the latter are the very youngsters who, in most schools, fail to get the pat on the back.

  31. Article13-14_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading To give praise costs the giver nothing but a moment’s thought and a moment’s effort — perhaps a quick phone call to pass on a compliment, or five minutes spent writing an appreciative letter. It is such a small investment — and yet consider the results it may produce. “I can live for two months on a good compliment,” said Mark Twain. So, let’s be alert to the small excellences around us — and comment on them. We will not only bring joy into other people’s lives, but also, very often, added happiness into our own.

  32. Article_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Are we too quick to blame and slow to praise? It seems we are.

  33. Article1-2_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading PROFITS OF PRAISE Janet Graham It was the end of my exhausting first day as waitress in a busy New York restaurant. My cap had gone awry, my apron was stained, my feet ached. The loaded trays I carried felt heavier and heavier. Weary and discouraged, I didn’t seem able to do anything right. As I made out a complicated check for a family with several children who had changed their ice-cream order a dozen times, I was ready to quit. Then the father smiled at me as he handed me my tip. “Well done," he said. “You’ve looked after us really well.”

  34. Article3-5_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Suddenly my tiredness vanished. I smiled back, and later, when the manager asked me how I’d liked my first day, I said, “Fine!” Those few words of praise had changed everything. Praise is like sunlight to the human spirit; we cannot flower and grow without it. And yet, while most of us are only too ready to apply to others the cold wind of criticism, we are somehow reluctant to give our fellows the warm sunshine of praise. Why — when one word can bring such pleasure? A friend of mine who travels widely always tries to learn a little of the language of any place she visits. She’s not much of a linguist, but she does know how to say one word — “beautiful” — in several languages. She can use it to a mother holding her baby, or to a lonely salesman fishing out pictures of his family. The ability has earned her friends all over the world.

  35. Article6-7_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading It’s strange how chary we are about praising. Perhaps it’s because few of us know how to accept compliments gracefully. Instead, we are embarrassed and shrug off the words we are really so glad to hear. Because of this defensive reaction, direct compliments are surprisingly difficult to give. That is why some of the most valued pats on the back are those which come to us indirectly, in a letter or passed on by a friend. When one thinks of the speed with which spiteful remarks are conveyed, it seems a pity that there isn’t more effort to relay pleasing and flattering comments. It’s especially rewarding to give praise in areas in which effort generally goes unnoticed or unmentioned. An artist gets complimented for a glorious picture, a cook for a perfect meal. But do you ever tell your laundry manager how pleased you are when the shirts are done just right? Do you ever praise your paper boy for getting the paper to you on time 365 days a year?

  36. Article8-9_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Praise is particularly appreciated by those doing routine jobs: gas-station attendants, waitresses — even housewives. Do you ever go into a house and say, “What a tidy room?" Hardly anybody does. That’s why housework is considered such a dreary grind. Comment is often made about activities which are relatively easy and satisfying, like arranging flowers, but not about jobs which are hard and dirty, like scrubbing floors. Shakespeare said, “Our praises are our wages.” Since so often praise is the only wage a housewife receives, surely she of all people should get her measure. Mothers know instinctively that for children an ounce of praise is worth a pound of scolding. Still, we’re not always as perceptive as we might be about applying the rule. One day I was criticizing my children for squabbling. “Can you never play peacefully?” I shouted. Susanna looked at me quizzically.

  37. Article10_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading “Of course we can,” she said. “But you don’t notice us when we do.” Teachers agree about the value of praise. One teacher writes that instead of drowning students’ compositions in critical red ink, the teacher will get far more constructive results by finding one or two things which have been done better than last time, and commenting favorably on them. “I believe that a student knows when he has handed in something above his usual standard,” writes the teacher, “and that he waits hungrily for a brief comment in the margin to show him that the teacher is aware of it, too.”

  38. Article11-12_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Behavioral scientists have done countless experiments to prove that any human being tends to repeat an act which has been immediately followed by a pleasant result. In one such experiment, a number of schoolchildren were divided into three groups and given arithmetic tests daily for five days. One group was consistently praised for its previous performance; another group was criticized; the third was ignored. Not surprisingly, those who were praised improved dramatically. Those who were criticized improved also, but not so much. And the scores of the children who were ignored hardly improved at all. Interestingly the brightest children were helped just as much by criticism as by praise, but the less able children reacted badly to criticism, needed praise the most. Yet the latter are the very youngsters who, in most schools, fail to get the pat on the back.

  39. Article13-14_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading To give praise costs the giver nothing but a moment’s thought and a moment’s effort — perhaps a quick phone call to pass on a compliment, or five minutes spent writing an appreciative letter. It is such a small investment — and yet consider the results it may produce. “I can live for two months on a good compliment,” said Mark Twain. So, let’s be alert to the small excellences around us — and comment on them. We will not only bring joy into other people’s lives, but also, very often, added happiness into our own.

  40. Article3-5_S_ And .. Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Suddenly my tiredness vanished. I smiled back, and later, when the manager asked me how I’d liked my first day, I said, “Fine!" Those few words of praise had changed everything. Praise is like sunlight to the human spirit; we cannot flower and grow without it. And yet, while most of us are only too ready to apply to others the cold wind of criticism, we are somehow reluctant to give our fellows the warm sunshine of praise. 1) How to understand “too…to” structure in this sentence? too…to 表示 “太…以至于不…”,但当too 之后跟的是apt, ready, kind, happy, quick 等形容词时,动词不定式则表示肯定的意思。 意为“太,非常,很”。如: We will be only too glad to help you if you need us. 2) Put it into Chinese. Why — when one word can bring such pleasure? A friend of mine who travels widely always tries to learn a little of the language of any place she visits. She’s not much of a linguist, but she does know how to say one word — “beautiful" — in several languages. She can use it to a mother holding her baby, or to a lonely salesman fishing out pictures of his family. The ability has earned her friends all over the world. 然而,我们中的大多数人却动辄对别人刮起批评的寒风,不知为什么却不愿把表扬的温暖阳光给予我们的同伴。

  41. Article3-5_S_ Why—when Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Suddenly my tiredness vanished. I smiled back, and later, when the manager asked me how I’d liked my first day, I said, “Fine!" Those few words of praise had changed everything. Praise is like sunlight to the human spirit; we cannot flower and grow without it. And yet, while most of us are only too ready to apply to others the cold wind of criticism, we are somehow reluctant to give our fellows the warm sunshine of praise. What has been omit after “why’? ...are we somehow reluctant to give our fellows the warm sunshine of praise. Why — when one word can bring such pleasure? A friend of mine who travels widely always tries to learn a little of the language of any place she visits. She’s not much of a linguist, but she does know how to say one word — “beautiful" — in several languages. She can use it to a mother holding her baby, or to a lonely salesman fishing out pictures of his family. The ability has earned her friends all over the world.

  42. Article6-7_S _When one… Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading It’s strange how chary we are about praising. Perhaps it’s because few of us know how to accept compliments gracefully. Instead, we are embarrassed and shrug off the words we are really so glad to hear. Because of this defensive reaction, direct compliments are surprisingly difficult to give. That is why some of the most valued pats on the back are those which come to us indirectly, in a letter or passed on by a friend. When one thinks of the speed with which spiteful remarks are conveyed, it seems a pity that there isn’t more effort to relay pleasing and flattering comments. 1) Paraphrase this sentence. When one thinks how fast the bad words spread, it seems a pity that one doesn’t do his / her best to pass good words and bring pleasure to people. 2) Put it into Chinese. It’s especially rewarding to give praise in areas in which effort generally goes unnoticed or unmentioned. An artist gets complimented for a glorious picture, a cook for a perfect meal. But do you ever tell your laundry manager how pleased you are when the shirts are done just right? Do you ever praise your paper boy for getting the paper to you on time 365 days a year? 当想到那些冷言恶语传播的速度之快时,我们会为没有尽力传达那些令人愉快的赞美之词而感到遗憾。

  43. Article6-7_S _ It’s especially… Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading It’s strange how chary we are about praising. Perhaps it’s because few of us know how to accept compliments gracefully. Instead, we are embarrassed and shrug off the words we are really so glad to hear. Because of this defensive reaction, direct compliments are surprisingly difficult to give. That is why some of the most valued pats on the back are those which come to us indirectly, in a letter or passed on by a friend. When one thinks of the speed with which spiteful remarks are conveyed, it seems a pity that there isn’t more effort to relay pleasing and flattering comments. 1) Where is the real subject of the sentence? “to give praise in areas in which effort generally goes unnoticed or unmentioned”是句子的真正主语。在英语中,当主语是个较长的句子时,放在句首显得头重脚轻,因此常用形式主语 “it” 代替主语从句,而从句则放到表语之后,其结构如下: It + 系动词+ 形容词/名词+ wh / how / that 从句. “in which effort generally goes unnoticed and unmentioned”: 是先行词area 的定语从句。unnoticed 和 unmentioned在句中是主语补足语。 It’s especially rewarding to give praise in areas in which effort generally goes unnoticed or unmentioned. An artist gets complimented for a glorious picture, a cook for a perfect meal. But do you ever tell your laundry manager how pleased you are when the shirts are done just right? Do you ever praise your paper boy for getting the paper to you on time 365 days a year? 2) Put it into Chinese. 对于那些通常不为人们注意或提及的努力给予赞扬,尤其有益。

  44. Article8-9_S_ Since so… Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Praise is particularly appreciated by those doing routine jobs: gas-station attendants, waitresses — even housewives. Do you ever go into a house and say, “What a tidy room?” Hardly anybody does. That’s why housework is considered such a dreary grind. Comment is often made about activities which are relatively easy and satisfying, like arranging flowers, but not about jobs which are hard and dirty, like scrubbing floors. Shakespeare said, “Our praises are our wages.” Since so often praise is the only wage a housewife receives, surely she of all people should get her measure. 1) How do you understand “of all” in this sentence? of all一般用来表示强调,通常用于两种场合。一种是表示 “特别是,尤其是”,另外一种用来表示惊讶,意为“竟然是,偏偏是。” How can he be absent today, of all days? 他为什么偏偏在今天迟到? 2) Find a word with similar meaning to “measure”. share Mothers know instinctively that for children an ounce of praise is worth a pound of scolding.Still, we’re not always as perceptive as we might be about applying the rule. One day I was criticizing my children for squabbling. “Can you never play peacefully?” I shouted. Susanna looked at me quizzically.

  45. Article8-9_S_ … an ounce… Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Praise is particularly appreciated by those doing routine jobs: gas-station attendants, waitresses — even housewives. Do you ever go into a house and say, “What a tidy room?” Hardly anybody does. That’s why housework is considered such a dreary grind. Comment is often made about activities which are relatively easy and satisfying, like arranging flowers, but not about jobs which are hard and dirty, like scrubbing floors. Shakespeare said, “Our praises are our wages.” Since so often praise is the only wage a housewife receives, surely she of all people should get her measure. 1) Paraphrase this sentence. A bit of flattery is much more valuable than a lot of blaming. 这句话是一句英语谚语的变体。An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.一分预防胜过十分治疗。 2) Put it into Chinese. 一句赞扬抵得上十句责骂。 Mothers know instinctively that for children an ounce of praise is worth a pound of scolding.Still, we’re not always as perceptive as we might be about applying the rule. One day I was criticizing my children for squabbling. “Can you never play peacefully?” I shouted. Susanna looked at me quizzically.

  46. Article8-9_S_ Still Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Praise is particularly appreciated by those doing routine jobs: gas-station attendants, waitresses — even housewives. Do you ever go into a house and say, “What a tidy room?” Hardly anybody does. That’s why housework is considered such a dreary grind. Comment is often made about activities which are relatively easy and satisfying, like arranging flowers, but not about jobs which are hard and dirty, like scrubbing floors. Shakespeare said, “Our praises are our wages.” Since so often praise is the only wage a housewife receives, surely she of all people should get her measure. Paraphrase this sentence. Now and then we are more liable to ignore the importance of putting this rule — praise is more valuable than scolding into practice. Mothers know instinctively that for children an ounce of praise is worth a pound of scolding.Still, we’re not always as perceptive as we might be about applying the rule. One day I was criticizing my children for squabbling. “Can you never play peacefully?” I shouted. Susanna looked at me quizzically.

  47. Article10_S _ One teacher… Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading “Of course we can," she said. “But you don’t notice us when we do." Teachers agree about the value of praise. One teacher writes that instead of drowning students’ compositions in critical red ink, the teacher will get far more constructive results by finding one or two things which have been done better than last time, and commenting favorably on them. “I believe that a student knows when he has handed in something above his usual standard," writes the teacher, “and that he waits hungrily for a brief comment in the margin to show him that the teacher is aware of it, too." What is the author’s implied meaning in this sentence? Teachers shouldn’t always write scolding words on the students’ compositions in red ink.

  48. Article13-14_S_ To give… Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading To give praise costs the giver nothing but a moment’s thought and a moment’s effort — perhaps a quick phone call to pass on a compliment, or five minutes spent writing an appreciative letter. It is such a small investment — and yet consider the results it may produce. “I can live for two months on a good compliment," said Mark Twain. 1) How do you understand “nothing but” in this sentence? nothing but =just, only 只是,仅仅。nothing but 一般后面接名词。如: So, let’s be alert to the small excellences around us — and comment on them. We will not only bring joy into other people’s lives, but also, very often, added happiness into our own. She is nothing but a beautiful empty head. 她只是一个脑袋空空的美人而已。 2) Put it into Chinese. 赞扬别人只需给予者片刻的思索和努力——或者是很快地打个电话传递一句赞美的话,或者是花五分钟时间写一封感谢信。

  49. Article_W_ blame1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Are we too quick to blame and slow to praise? It seems we are. blame: v. to believe or state that someone is responsible for sth. bad The driver was not to blame for the traffic accident. They blamed the failure on George. blame sb. for sth. blame sth. on sb. Pattern: Collocation: be to blame 应受谴责 bear the blame 承担责任 shift the blame on sb. 嫁祸于人 take the blame 负过失的责任

  50. Article_W_ blame2 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading CF: blame, scold, condemn,& criticize 这些词均含“责备,批评”之意。 blame指一般意义上的“责怪”, 不包含用言语责骂之意。 Are we too quick to blame and slow to praise? It seems we are. They blamed the secretary for the delay of the plan. scold指“由于错误或不满而暴躁地、恼怒地表示气愤, 予以斥责, 其理 由可能是充分的, 但往往是不充分的”。 一般指长辈对晚辈,上 级对下级的比较严厉的“训斥”。 He was severely scolded by his teacher for cheating on the exam. condemn指正式场合下的“谴责,判罪”。 Most people are willing to condemn violence of any sort as evil. The criminal was condemned to death. criticize 指对某人的错误的批评。亦可作“评论”讲。 He was criticized for lack of leadership. Would you criticize my writing and tell me if it’s any good?