Laboratory Safety Materials Science & Engineering Dept. Along with Environmental Health & Safety University of Tennessee
Contact Information • Posted on the MSE website • Door Placards
Environmental Health & Safety For Lab Safety Questions: • Pam Koontz • firstname.lastname@example.org • James Cantu • email@example.com For Hazardous Waste Questions: • April Case • firstname.lastname@example.org Environmental Health & Safety ehs.utk.edu 974-5084 www.facebook.com/utkehs
Robin Lyn Trundy UTK/UTIA Safety Officer 974-1938 email@example.com UTK/UTIA Biosafety Office Amy Knowles UTIA Occupational Health Nurse 974-5728 firstname.lastname@example.org
Marsha SmithRadiation Safety OfficerPhone: 974-5580E-mail: email@example.com • UTK Radiation Safety Office
MATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT SAFETY COMMITTEE Dr. Kurt Sickafus Dr. Carl Lundin Dr. Roberto S. Benson Dr. Maulik Patel Chris Wetteland Greg Jones
For Emergency Call 911 Call your Supervisor Call Safety Coordinator Greg Jones, or assistant Coordinator, Dr. Malik Patel If you can not reach any of the above from our Dept. contact the MSE main office (Carla) Call Environmental Health & Safety for help with spill cleanup, or to report unsafe conditions Help your Supervisor fill out a “Supervisors Report of Employee Accident form” ASAP! Procedure For When An Accident Accurse
UT Student Health Center 1800 Volunteer Blvd. If Treatment Is Needed UT Medical Center 1924 Alcoa Highway
Safety is a Choice • Safety depends on choices • Good choices rely on having good information before the choice has to be made.
How Do We Get That Information? • Training • Initial • Periodic • As-needed • Resources • MSDS/SDS, Labels, Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP), Emergency Response Plan, Faculty In Charge, Person In Charge (PIC) • Ask Questions!
What Questions Should I ask? • What is the nature of my lab? • My work space • My neighbor’s work space • What hazards are present? • Chemical/Physical/Bio/Rad • Do you know how to react? • Have you practiced? • Have you shared your knowledge? • Is there an Emergency Plan, Chemical Hygiene Plan, SDS?
Emergency Response Plan, Share, Practice
Make a plan • Write it down • Ensure everyone understands • Review and practice
Types of Emergencies • Accidents • Spills / Splashes / Accidental Releases • Near Misses • Fire • Campus wide emergency • UT Alert System (http://www.utk.edu/utalert/)
Who You Gonna Call? • Emergencies – 911 • Chemical spill or release – EHS – 4-5084 (do not leave a voicemail message) • After hours spill or release – UTPD – 4-3111
Physical Hazards Know your work environment
What are Physical Hazards • Environmental Hazards • Work area conditions • Hot/cold, humid/dry, improper lighting • Chemically Produced Physical Hazards • Explosives & Reactives • Equipment Hazards • Mechanical, Electrical, Vacuum, High pressure, Cut and Abrasion Hazards, Hot and Cold equipment, Open flames, Noise/Sound
Environmental hazards • Number one type of accident is still “Slips, Trips, and Falls” • Maintain safe pathways and use good housekeeping • Keep cables and cords in safe paths where they will not be damaged and they will not contribute to trip hazards.
Chemically Produced Physical Hazards • Highly Reactive compounds and incompatibles can cause very powerful energy release in the form of intense light, heat or pressure waves.
Chemically Produced Physical Hazards • Use only the scale of reaction required and approved to achieve your goals. • Use proper PPE and Engineering Controls to prevent exposure to a potential explosion • If the agent/reaction has the possibility of a violent reaction believethat it could happen to you.
Mechanical Hazards • Know and train on even the most basic equipment. • Equipment with moving parts can entrap extremities, clothing, and long hair. • Use proper clothing and PPE and tie back long hair. • Ensure guards are in place and in good condition. • Never remove safety devices • Moving parts can throw objects • Use lockout tagout procedures when repairing
Electrical Hazards • Ways to avoid common lab electrical hazards are ensuring cables and cords are not damaged by the lab environment. • Avoid heat/flame damage to insulation such as with hotplates or • mechanical trauma such as the damage a cord may receive behind a heavy object such as a gas cylinder.
Electrical Hazards cont’d • Do not daisy chain extension cords or power strips. • Extension cords are designed for temporary use only. • If electrical work is needed in your lab a qualified electrical worker is required to do the work. • Use GFCI outlets when the risk of shock is higher such as at sinks and water sources. • Note: Grounding and GFCI are not the same.
Electrical Hazards cont’d • Never bypass a grounding prong on an electrical plug. • If your outlets are not “holding” or “gripping” the plug, then notify facilities services as the outlet may be damaged and a fire hazard. • If work is required in your lab please ensure you are aware of what a lockout condition is and how it relates to you as a non-electrical worker.
Vacuum and High Pressure • Chance of Implosion or Explosion • Where do all the parts go? • Particularly dangerous with Glassware • For pressurized equipment and glassware: • Ensure a blast shield or hood sash is in place. • If using a face shield eye protection must be worn as well
THINK Safety… • Broken Glassware should be replaced. • Good housekeeping keeps your lab both looking better and safer. • PIC’s look around your lab and ask…Do we have the PPD we need?Does the lab look safe?
Hot and Cold Equipment • Use Cryo gloves and eye protection when working with Liquid Nitrogen or dry ice. • Flash Freezing works well on samples • It also can work well on you • Dispense and Transport Liquid Nitrogen only with approved methods.
Open Flames • Never leave unattended. • Keep away from flammable and combustible materials including volatile flammable gases • Keep hair tied back and loose clothing away
Noise and Sound • Hearing protection programs can be required under OSHA. • Thresholds are set for an 8-hour work day • EHS can survey a work area on request.
Chemical Hazards Hazard Classes Storage Use & Handling
Hazard Classes • Oxidizer • Flammable • Explosive • Acutely Toxic • Corrosive • Compressed Gases • Health Hazard • Environmental Toxin • Exclamation Mark
How do you know? • SDS • Chemical labels • Chemical Hygiene Plan • SOPs
Incompatible Chemicals • Oxidizers and flammables • Acids and bases • Flammables and corrosives • Corrosives and metals • Know what to do with strong reactions
Segregation and Storage • Segregate incompatibles by storing in different cabinets • Use secondary containment when space is at a premium
Do • Segregate by hazard class first • Use proper containers • Use secondary containment • Check expiration dates • Inspect shelving and shelf clips periodically • Don’t • Stack chemicals or store too high • Allow containers to hang over edge • Use food containers • Allow excessive bench top and fume hood storage • Keep chemicals indefinitely or past expiration dates • Store flammables in unapproved refrigerators
Some chemicals are unstable when stored past their expiration dates: Ethyl ether (diethyl ether) Sodium Azide Picric Acid
Chemical Use and Handling • Lab Specific SOPs • Chemical Hygiene Plan • Chemical Inventory • Use chemical hoods
Transporting Chemicals • Use a cart with secondary containment • Move limited quantities • Use caution going through doorways and public areas • Use freight elevator
Labeling • Deface old labels when reusing containers • Label containers clearly • Remove or deface all labels when disposing of containers
Personal Protective Equipment Clothing Eye Protection Hand Protection
Proper Clothing • Long pants • Long sleeves • Closed-toe, non-absorbent shoes • Protect your clothing with a lab coat or apron • What are you taking home on your shoes?
Eye Protection • The type of eye protection required depends on the work being performed. • Wearing the proper eye protection is required by the Laboratory Standard and Personal Protective Equipment Standards.
Eye Protection • Anticipate the presence of hazards, select and use the appropriate safety devices.
What is the first action for chemicals in the eyes? • Immediately begin flushing the eyes with large amounts of tepid water for a minimum of fifteen minutes. • While the eyes are being flushed, medical help should be summoned
Maximum distance from work station to eye wash/safety shower? • It’s not measured by distance, but by time • 10 seconds • For strong caustics/acids equipment should be immediately adjacent to the work area
Additional Eye Safety Precautions • Activate every eyewash at least weekly to verify operation and clear liquid flow • Keep areas around eyewashes clear from clutter to provide quick and easy access in the event of an emergency • Never neutralize chemicals splashed in the eyes – always flush with water only • Never use an emergency eye wash bottle • You must never work alone in the laboratory
So Why Protect My Eyes? You can eat with false teeth, you can dance with a wooden leg, you can even hear with a hearing aid, but you can’t see with a glass eye.