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Washington, DC. Robert Sasson Daniel Veronesi William Higgins Brian Deperry Timothy Lynn. Efficiency of Transportation Planning. Develop solutions that maximize access not mobility Street Structure
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Washington, DC Robert Sasson Daniel Veronesi William Higgins Brian Deperry Timothy Lynn
Efficiency of Transportation Planning • Develop solutions that maximize access not mobility • Street Structure • Provide choices through a diversity of modes to meet different needs and suit different contexts. • Give priority treatment to the cheaper, cleaner more efficient mode of travel
Benefits of Land Use Planning • Take advantage of compact building design • Creates housing opportunities and range of household types • Creates walkable neighborhoods • Fosters distinctive communities and strong sense of place • Provides variety of transportation choices
Arlington, VA • Neighboring urban county of about 207,000 residents • Arlington today is served by the Orange, Blue, and Yellow lines of the Washington Metro. • Virginia Railway Express • Metrobus • Arlington Transit (ART), a local public bus system
Planning and Development in Arlington • In 1970, planning focus shifted to the Metrorail • Much of Arlington's development in the last generation has been concentrated around 7 of the County's 11 Metrorail stations.
Key initiatives Of the Deputy Mayor • Anacostia Waterfront Development • Great Street Neil O. AlbertDeputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development Frank Seales, Jr.Interim Director of District Department of Transportation
Anacostia water front development • 6,500 units of new housing • three million square feet of new office space • 32 acres of new public park space and a 20-mile network of riverside trails • $10 billion in new investment during the next twenty years
DC Mixed Used Development • Hill East Waterfront • 1.5 Billion mix of residential, retail, office and parkland • Tree-lined public streets, recreational trails, and accessible waterfront parklands. • Model for the development of sustainable public infrastructure for storm water management and energy conservation. • More than 5 million square feet of new development, including residential, retail, and mixed-use buildings. • A 2-acre portion of the site will be set aside for development of new healthcare facilities. • Neighborhood plazas and parks will provide central gathering places.
Hill East Waterfront • Provide On Street parking • Providing an integrated street grid to reduce the impact of traffic on existing neighborhood streets. • Providing sidewalks throughout the site, quality streetscapes and • Traffic calming techniques for safe and pleasant pedestrian Movement
Great Streets • Over $100 million initiative to change good streets to great streets. • Vibrant and distinctive neighborhoods • Focusing on Mixed use development, transit, streetscape and transportation improvements
H Street NE Burnham Place. Mixed use office, hotel and retail over Union Station track.
New bus shelters • Part of Great streets initiative. • 700 new shelters to be installed in the city.
Highways • Eisenhower 1956 Interstate Highway Act • Gas tax exclusive for highway construction • Washington D.C. and Detroit went in two separate directions
Detroit Auto dependency makes sprawl possible Auto dependency saps the life from cities Sprawl Urban Decay Auto - dependency Sprawl makes auto necessary Transit non-competitive Walking and biking impractical
Washington DC Transit is form giver and rejuvenator Walking and Biking add life and energy Smart Transportation Strong, Vibrant Communities Concentrated land use and attractive places: more access, more choices, more competitive transit, more people choose to walk and bike
Priority to Cleaner, Cheaper, More Efficient mode of Travel • Automobiles consume more energy than buses and trains • Mass Transit safer than private automobiles. • Gave priority to Metro by rejecting freeway plan for city • Receives 1.022 billion in local, state and federal funding. • Collects 712 million in fares alone
Challenges Faced By Washington DC • Overcrowding on Subway • High ridership leads to uncomfortable conditions during peak hours • Double tracking and lack of sidings leads to higher frequency of delays when compared to Boston or New York’s subway system • Terrorism threats • Nation’s Capital is an obvious terrorist target • Employs Metro Police Department on Metro system • Affordable housing • DC per capita income was $28,659 • Arlington per capita income was $37,706 • Detroit per capita income was $14,717 • Hartford per capita income was $13,428 • Arlington has instituted an affordable housing policy that has increased the number of units to 14% of rental stock
Diversity of Transportation Modes • Metro rail • Metro bus • DC Circulator • Bike Rental programs • Zip car / Flex car • Plan to start integrating street cars in 2009.
Metrorail • Opens at 5:30 a.m. on weekdays and 7 a.m. weekends. • Closes at midnight Sunday through Thursday. • On Friday and Saturday nights, it stays open until 3 a. m. • Five Lines consisting of 106 miles of track • Most of the stations located in DC • Various colleges have access to the metro. • Handicap riders have access with extra wide accessible fare gates.
Metro Bus • Operates 24 hours a day 7 days a week • Stops at every Metrorail station. • Feeds into other local bus systems around the region. • All buses are either low floor ramp or lift-equipped. To serve handicap individuals • Priority seating for people with disabilities • Fares range from $1.25 to $2.50 with transfers for $.35.
DC Circulator • Provides inexpensive, frequent service around the National Mall, between Union Station and Georgetown, and between the Convention Center and the National Mall. • Buses run every 5 to 10 minutes and will cost $1 per ride.
Car Sharing • Zip Car/Flex Car (merged) • Gives more people access to cars with less number of cars. • Gives people freedom of car use without owning a car.
Smart Bike DC • 40 dollar annual subscription fee • 10 locations across city • Bike Availability can be checked online.
Successful Transportation System • Land use • Accessibility • Street Structure • Cheap and efficient • Modes