Basics of referencing LIBRARY
Session outline • This session will cover: • What is ‘referencing’? • Reassurance! • Introduction to some referencing styles • Tips for finding reference details • Choosing a referencing style • Using the UCReferencing Guide • Hands on practice
What is referencing? • Each information source you use in assignments etc must be acknowledged in two ways: • An ‘in-text’ reference – usually called a ‘citation’ • A complete reference in a footnote, reference list OR bibliography • References (and citations) are formatted according to particular styles • A Referencing Guide gives details of format • Accurate references allow your reader to find those sources • Referencing your information sources is arequirement of the University of Canberra • Academic Integrity Policy: https://guard.canberra.edu.au/policy/policy.php?pol_id=3175
Reassurance! • You don’t need to ‘learn’ referencing • All the information is in a referencing guide • ALWAYS CHECK DETAILSIN A REFERENCING GUIDE
Numerical styles Author-Date styles Referencing styles Two categories: • The in-text citation consists of author’s name and year of publication • A detailed reference for each work is given in a Reference List at the end of your assignment • A number in text, guides the reader to the reference details at the foot of the page (footnote) or the end of your assignment (end note)
Examples Harvard style: Lewis, V 2012, Positive bodies: loving the skin you're in, Australian Academic Press, Toowong, Qld. Vancouver style: (5) Lewis V. Positive bodies: loving the skin you're in. Toowong, (Australia): Australian Academic Press; 2012. Chicago Humanities style: Lewis, Vivienne. Positive Bodies: Loving the Skin You‘re In. Toowong, Australia: Australian Academic Press, 2012. APA style: Lewis, V. (2012). Positive bodies: loving the skin you're in. Toowong, Australia: Australian Academic .
Harvard style: Patino, A, Pitta, DA & Quinones, R 2012, ‘Social media's emerging importance in market research’, Journal of Consumer Marketing, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 233-237, viewed 27 November 2012, Emerald. Chicago Humanities style: Patino, Anthony, Dennis A. Pitta, and Ralph Quinones. "SocialMedia's Emerging Importance in Market Research." Journal ofConsumer Marketing29, no. 3 (2012): 233-237. Vancouver style: (11) Patino A, Pitta DA, Quinones R. Social media's emerging importance in market research. J Con Mkt. 2012; 29(3):233-7. APA style: Patino, A., Pitta, D. A., & Quinones, R. (2012). Social media'semerging importance in market research. Journal of ConsumerMarketing, 29(3), 233-237. doi:10.1108/07363761211221800
Books: Title page and/or back of the title page Chapter authors will appear at start of chapter, and in table of contents Where to find reference information
For Library books, this information is also available from the catalogue record
Journal articles: • Article title & author/s are listed at the beginning of an article • Journal title, date, volume& issue mayappear on each page of an article • Articles found online • Database summary page will have all details • Print journals: • Title, volume, issue & date given on cover • Volume & issue numberstyles can varye.g. no issue number, month name etc
Websites: • Many variations!! • Sometimes no personal author is given • An organisation may be the author • If no date provided, use ‘last updated’ • Ask Library staff or ASC Roversfor help
Record the information about every source carefully… Remember… …while you have it in your hand or on your screen!
Which style do I choose? • There is no ‘best’ or ‘easiest’ style • Your lecturers will usually nominate a style • You may need to use different styles for different lecturers! • Be sure to use the nominated style consistently and accurately
Whereto find referencing guides • Start at the Library homepage: • http://www.canberra.edu.au/library/
Tabs for general information and individual referencing styles Select the style you have been asked to use
The ‘home’ page for each style gives general guidelines on format, in-text citations & Reference Lists Click on the tab to choose from the list of materials, or choose from the left column Sometimes it’s tricky to decide what type of material you are using! It will get easier with practice AND Library staff are happy to help!
For each material type, the format is given in red showinglayout, punctuation, & font style, plus examples of references Follow the format carefully, every time!
Exercise • On the worksheet provided & using UC Referencing Guide, create references for 2 or 3 items following the instructions attached to each item • 5-10 minutes, do 2-3 items • Swap items with other class participants • Ask the trainers for assistance if you need it – we want to help you learn what to do!
Exercise results Books
Journal articles Exercise results
More reassurance… • This will get easier with practice • Don’t be afraid to ask for help • Any questions?
For more help… • LIBRARY • Research Assistance Desk • Level B of the Library • Phone: • 62015082 • Ask a Librarian online: • Ask a question by email • Online chat 10.30-3.30 Monday-Friday • ACADEMIC SKILLS CENTRE • ASC Rovers in the Library • Have your writing reviewed at drop in session or individual appointment • Phone: • 62012205 for an appointment • SMARTHINKING ONLINE TUTORIALS • Access via Moodle: • Have your writing reviewed within 24 hours • Chat online with a live tutor • Schedule to meet with a live tutor • Send a tutor an academic question