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Buddhism and the First Unification of India

Buddhism and the First Unification of India

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Buddhism and the First Unification of India

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  1. Buddhism and the First Unification of India History Alive Chapter 17

  2. The Mauryas Unify India • First leaders to unify India.

  3. Chandragupta Maurya • Began building the Empire in the 320s B.C.E. • Used his great army of 700,000 soldiers and 9,000 elephants to overthrow the other rulers.

  4. Chandragupta Maurya • Used force. • Powerful army. • Spies. • Torture.

  5. Chandragupta’s Accomplishments • Central Government • Wrote Laws • Gave farmers water for crops • Built a Royal Road 1,000 miles

  6. Toward the end of his life • Chandragupta became an ascetic. • He lived in poverty. • He traveled with monks.

  7. King Ashoka • Chandragupta’s grandson. • Ruled from 269 to 232 B.C.E. • After one brutal battle he decided to reject violence.

  8. Ashoka embraces Buddhism • Supported Buddhist values of love, peace, and nonviolence. • He gave up hunting and became a vegetarian. • He visited Buddhist sites.

  9. Ashoka embraces Buddhism • Ashoka gave up wars of conquest. • He wanted his people to follow the Buddhist path. • He urged them to be kind, respectful, and moral.

  10. Ashoka’s Edicts • An edict is a command that is obeyed like a law. • He had edicts carved into walls, rocks, and tall pillars in public places.

  11. FYI: Not all of Ashoka’s actions reflected Buddhism • He allowed slavery. • Permitted people to be executed for serious crimes. • He kept a strong army. • Gave up conquest, but would not give the lands back that he conquered.

  12. Ashoka’s Edicts Designed to Promote • Buddhist Values • General Welfare • Justice • Security

  13. After Ashoka’s Death • About 45 years after his death the kingdom broke apart into separate kingdoms. • Buddhism spread.

  14. The End