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Structural Barriers to Disaster Resilience: Race and Ethnicity II PowerPoint Presentation
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Structural Barriers to Disaster Resilience: Race and Ethnicity II

Structural Barriers to Disaster Resilience: Race and Ethnicity II

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Structural Barriers to Disaster Resilience: Race and Ethnicity II

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  1. Structural Barriers to Disaster Resilience:Race and Ethnicity II Session 10

  2. Session Objectives • To analyze the extent to which white privilege continues in the U.S. today • To examine the structural effects of race on U.S. society • To describe ways in which racism results in hazards vulnerability • To suggest ways to reach racial and ethnic minorities with emergency and mitigation measures

  3. Why does white privilege seem like a strange topic? • Tendency to think of racism as putting someone at a disadvantage • Less thought given to the advantages it creates • Results in special treatments throughout each day • Taught not to recognize it • Taken for granted

  4. What are some daily white privileges? Dealing with people in authority similar to self Not likely to be singled out because of race Neutral neighbors Not being regularly viewed with suspicion History is about people like self Never asked to speak for your whole race Others?

  5. SEGREGATION • Minority groups have historically been separated, or segregated • Hypersegregation describes U.S. today • Most blacks and whites live in separate neighborhoods or communities • This is especially true in the north

  6. Trends in Residential Black-White Segregation in Metropolitan Areas

  7. GHETTOIZATION • Isolation • Out of sight, out of mind • Easy to stereotype everyone who lives there • Separated from good jobs • Leads to further poverty • Upwardly mobile blacks now able to leave • Development of a permanent underclass • Hopelessness, violence, crime

  8. FEMINIZATION OF POVERTY • Difficult for men to provide for families • Many families without male breadwinners due to • Outward migration for work • Military service • Prison • Desertion • Illness, injury or death

  9. POLITICAL MARGINALIZATION • Isolated from mainstream politics • Limited chances to elect leaders • Makes it easy for needs to be ignored

  10. SOCIAL VULNERABILITY • Marginal land • Marginal housing • Environmental degradation • Poor schools/low education levels • Poor insurance coverage • Less access to disaster-related resources

  11. Why is vulnerability based on racism a social justice issue? Effects of institutional racism keep many minorities trapped in unsafe homes and communities

  12. What can emergency professionals do? • Know their communities • Utilize local resources • Target educational programs • Develop outreach programs • Incorporate special initiatives into response and recovery plans FEMA Photos