Download
document design principles n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Document Design Principles PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Document Design Principles

Document Design Principles

148 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Document Design Principles

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Document Design Principles Dr. Jonathan ArnettWRIT 3140

  2. Four General Principles Proximity Alignment Repetition Contrast

  3. Four General Principles Proximity • put related elements close together Alignment • arrange elements on a grid Repetition • always put the same elements in the same places Contrast • make sure elements don’t blend into each other

  4. Four General Principles Proximity Alignment Repetition Contrast

  5. Four General Principles Proximity Alignment Repetition Contrast

  6. Four General Principles Proximity Alignment Repetition Contrast

  7. Four General Principles Proximity Alignment Repetition Contrast

  8. Four General Principles Proximity Alignment Repetition Contrast

  9. Four General Principles Proximity Alignment Repetition Contrast

  10. Four General Principles Proximity Alignment Repetition Contrast

  11. Four General Principles Proximity Alignment Repetition Contrast

  12. Four General Principles Proximity Alignment Repetition Contrast

  13. Four General Principles Proximity Alignment Repetition Contrast

  14. Four General Principles Proximity Alignment Repetition Contrast

  15. Four General Principles Proximity Alignment Repetition Contrast

  16. Page-Level Principles Paper size Margins Page numbering Headers/footers Block/indentation Page breaks

  17. Page-Level Principles Paper size Margins Page numbering Headers/footers Block/indentation Page breaks Letter: 8.5” x 11” 216 mm x 279 mm A4: 210 mm x 297 mm 8.27” x 11.69” “Letter” paper is 6 mm wider and 18 mm shorter than A4 paper. http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~mgk25/iso-paper.html

  18. Paper Size: Letter

  19. Paper Size: A4

  20. Paper Size: Aspect Ratios http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paper_size

  21. Paper Size: Aspect Ratios ANSI D A1 ANSI C A2 A3 ANSI B A4 ANSI A

  22. Page-Level Principles Paper size Margins Page numbering Headers/footers Block/indentation Page breaks The default margins for MS Word 2003 and earlier are… Top: 1 inchLeft: 1.25 inchRight: 1.25 inchBottom: 1 inch

  23. Page-Level Principles Paper size Margins Page numbering Headers/footers Block/indentation Page breaks The default margins for MS Word 2007 and 2010 are… Top: 1 inchLeft: 1 inchRight: 1 inchBottom: 1 inch

  24. Margins old default margins new default margins half-inchmargins

  25. Page-Level Principles Paper size Margins Page numbering Headers/footers Block/indentation Page breaks Page numbers must appear on all multi-page documents. • Put the number in the upper right, lower right, or lower middle of the page. • Never* number the first page. *Almost never, anyway.

  26. Page Numbering

  27. Page-Level Principles Paper size Margins Page numbering Headers/footers Block/indentation Page breaks Headers/footers help your reader navigate the document. • Always use them on multi-page documents. • Never* start them on the first page. *Almost never, anyway.

  28. Running Header

  29. Running Header

  30. Page-Level Principles Paper size Margins Page numbering Headers/footers Block/indentation Page breaks “Block” formatting means not to indent the first line of paragraphs. • Everything you do in this class should be in block format.

  31. Block/Indented Paragraphs Block format Indented format

  32. Page-Level Principles Paper size Margins Page numbering Headers/footers Block/indentation Page breaks Place page breaks at logical spots: • in the middle of longer paragraphs; • after major sections. Avoid “widows” and “orphans.”

  33. Page Breaks Good use of page break

  34. Page Breaks Good use of page break

  35. Page Breaks Bad use of page break

  36. Page Breaks Bad use of page break

  37. Page Breaks Bad use of page break

  38. Page Breaks Bad use of page break

  39. Paragraph-Level Principles Justification Line leading Spacing between paragraphs Heading hierarchies Heading spacing

  40. Paragraph-Level Principles Justification Line leading Spacing between paragraphs Heading hierarchies Heading spacing “Full-justifying” a paragraph means making its sides touch the margins. • This is how major newspapers are laid out. • Unless you know exactly what you’re doing, don’t do it.

  41. Justification Ragged right margin Full-justified margins

  42. Justification Ragged right margin Justified margins

  43. Paragraph-Level Principles Justification Line leading Spacing between paragraphs Heading hierarchies Heading spacing “Leading” is the amount of space between lines of the same paragraph. It’s pronounced “led-ding,” like the metal, or as in Led Zeppelin.

  44. Line Leading Single-spaced paper 120%-spaced paper

  45. Paragraph-Level Principles Justification Line leading Spacing between paragraphs Heading hierarchies Heading spacing Similar to leading, but between paragraphs. • Always adjust the spacing between paragraphs.

  46. Paragraph Spacing Default paragraph spacing Adjusted paragraph spacing

  47. Paragraph-Level Principles Justification Line leading Spacing between paragraphs Heading hierarchies Heading spacing Headings are “nested.” • Lower-level headings appear smaller. • Multiple lower-level headings can fit inside a higher-level heading.

  48. Paragraph-Level Principles Justification Line leading Spacing between paragraphs Heading hierarchies Heading spacing

  49. Paragraph-Level Principles Justification Line leading Spacing between paragraphs Heading hierarchies Heading spacing The higher the level of heading, the more space surrounds it. • As heading levels descend, so does the space around them.

  50. Paragraph-Level Principles Justification Line leading Spacing between paragraphs Heading hierarchies Heading spacing