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World War II: Pacific Theater

World War II: Pacific Theater

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World War II: Pacific Theater

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  1. World War II: Pacific Theater

  2. Overview • Where the battle’s were fought • Who won those battle’s • Outcome of the battle • Did it affect the moral • Why was the battle fought

  3. Japan’s Rise • Began to become dominate in the early 1930’s • Had fought with Russia • Invaded China • Took certain sectors of China • Why?

  4. Japan on the move • Japan’s military is battle tested • Begins to take islands near Japan • Meetings with Axis powers • The empire feels dominate--takes more islands throughout the Pacific • Makes a critical decision about the United States

  5. ATTACK!! • After repeated warnings by the United States--Japan ignores • Attacks the Philippines and Pearl Harbor

  6. Pearl Harbor • Dec. 7 1941--Sunday morning • Japanese mini sub found • Japan attacks with waves of fighter bombers and torpedo planes • Kills over 2000 men, sinks the Arizona where over 1000 die in a matter of seconds • Why that date?

  7. U.S.S. Shaw

  8. U.S. Declares War • Monday Dec. 8, 1941 • Roosevelt gives speech: “This day will live in infamy” • Who declares war? • Thousands of men line up for recruitment • America joins the fight in Europe and is ready to fight Japan

  9. The Philippines • Dec. 8, 1941--Japan attacks British, Dutch and American forces in the Pacific • For over a month, Japanese troop push American and Filipino troops back • Take Manila in Jan. 1942 • MacArthur leader of troops leaves in Feb. • Vows to return again

  10. Battaan Death March • Japanese take Bataan Peninsula • Many American and Filipino forced to march to camps • Zero food and water provided for three days • Many died of weakness--if one fell out of the row, more than likely shot dead • 6 Day march • 5,000+ Soldiers died along the march

  11. The March

  12. Japanese-Americans Camp • After the attack, sentiment against those of Japanese decent grew • Thousands of people were rounded up and forced into an internment camp in Kansas • No rights were given • Many of the people were citizens for over 25 years or natural citizens

  13. Internment Camp

  14. Coral Sea • First major Naval battle (May4-8,1942) • First time ever two powers fought without seeing each other (all attacks were carried out by airplanes) • South Pacific--Northeast of Australia • Battle was considered a draw but moral victory for U.S. • Stopped Japanese advancement

  15. Midway • Island in Pacific located about half way between Asia and North America • Japanese mad from Doolittle Raid • First U.S. attack on Japanese mainland • Turning point • Four aircraft carriers for Japan sank • Shortage of piolts • U.S. uses Midway Island as a seaplane base and fueling station for submarines

  16. Guadacanal-”Operation Watchtower” • Aug. 1942 • South Pacific- “secret” Japanese airbase constructed • Tokyo Express: nighttime convoys of Japanese reinforcements • First time the Japanese lost ground • Began island hopping campaign

  17. Guadalcanal

  18. Island Hopping • A term used to describe the fighting in the Pacific • U.S. and Japan would go from island to island fighting for control • Japan controlled most of the islands in the Pacific • U.S. picked strategic islands to fight for--Why?

  19. Leyte Gulf • Largest air-sea battle in history • Recapture of Philippine island of Leyte-- 1944 • The Japanese sent nearly every ship to fight • U.S. fought a heavy battle • Japan takes the greatest casualties and nearly loses every ship • Kamikaze raids begin

  20. Leyte Gulf

  21. Iwo Jima-Operation Detachment • Tiny volcanic islands in the Pacific--North Northwest of Guam (4 miles long-2 miles wide) • Important Japanese airbase • Feb. 1945 to March 1945 • 660 Miles south of Tokyo • Famous photograph of U.S. troops raising flag

  22. Iwo Jima cont..

  23. Battle of Okinawa • April to June 1945 • Second largest amphibious battle of WWII • Bloodiest battle of the Pacific War

  24. Manhattan Project • Name for the research development program for the atomic bomb • Eisenhower urged Roosevelt to set up the project in fear that Germany would develop the technology first • Project’s lead scientist= Robert Oppenheimer “Father of the Atomic Bomb” • American leaders thought the atomic bombs would save up to a million Allied lives (as opposed to an invasion of mainland Japan) • The U.S. used 2 Bombs on Japan • 1st- “Little Boy” was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6th, 1945 by the Enola Gay (Uranium) • 2nd-”Fat Man” was dropped on Nagasaki on August 9th, 1945 (Plutonian)

  25. The End • Aug. 15, Emperor Hirohito announces Japan’s surrender, shocks whole country • Official surrender Sept. 2, 1945 • In Tokyo Bay aboard the U.S.S. Missouri--a battleship that was in Pearl Harbor