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The Pacific Theater, 1939-1945

The Pacific Theater, 1939-1945

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The Pacific Theater, 1939-1945

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  1. The Pacific Theater, 1939-1945 The Rising Sun Reasons For Japanese Aggression Pearl Harbor The Island Hopping Campaign

  2. The Rising Sun • By turn of 20th century Russia and Japan were competing for influence in China which leads to war • Japanese defeat Russian navy during Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905 easily • Japan is now a world power in Pacific and like the west seek to have a sphere of influence in the Pacific

  3. The Rising Sun • Japan had developed a pattern of attacking China for indiscretions in 1931 and 1936 • Emperor Hirohito and a military dominated cabinet sought to expand their country’s empire • To counter Russia, Japan enters into the Tripartite Pact with Italy and Germany in 1940

  4. Reasons for Japanese Aggression • They believe that they are destined to dominate other nations considered corrupt • Japan desired more natural resources for it businesses and growing population • Wanted to be commanding presence in the Pacific as opposed to the United States, China or Russia

  5. Reasons for Japanese Aggression • President Franklin Delano Roosevelt sensing that Japan has expansionist policies places an embargo on strategic items needed by the Japanese for their military in 1940 • 1941 Japan occupies Indochina, this cause FDR to freeze Japan’s assets in the U.S. and stops the selling of oil to Japan • Japan is convinced that war is necessary between the two countries

  6. Day of Infamy: Pearl Harbor • Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto planned attack at Pearl Harbor • Purpose of attack was to neutralize U.S. navy fleet in Pacific (aircraft carriers primary targets) • Japanese sent 6 carriers, 450 planes and various ships and submarines

  7. Day of Infamy: Pearl Harbor • December 7, 1941, 94 naval ships are at Pearl Harbor but the carriers are on duties elsewhere • A Japanese sub is attacked by U.S. forces and mobile radar had picked up a large group of planes approaching the base • The first strike destroys aircraft and airfields to eliminate air defenses

  8. Day of Infamy: Pearl Harbor • The second strike concentrated on the naval ships through high level bombing • The final strike consisted of low level dive bombing • In two hours 2,400 are killed, 18 warships were sunk or seriously damaged and 188 planes destroyed • Oil reserves and naval facilities were not attacked because Japanese feared an attack themselves

  9. Day of Infamy: Pearl Harbor

  10. Day of Infamy: Pearl Harbor • The Fall of the Philippine Islands lead to the surrender of American and Filipino forces to the Japanese • 11,000 men will die from war atrocities by the Japanese in the infamous “Bataan Death March” in 1942 • After taking the Philippines the Japanese eyed Australia and New Guinea

  11. The Battle Of The Coral Sea • May7-8, 1942, Battle of Coral Sea showed that planes would be a dominate force in naval battles • USS Lexington’s planes will sink a Japanese carrier and shoot down 21 planes • The next day the Lexington will be sunk and mislead the Japanese into thinking that they have crippled the US fleet • It is a Japanese victory but Australia is saved because the Japanese now seek to destroy the US fleet

  12. Battle Of Midway, June 4-7, 1942 • Yamamoto desired the Midway Islands as a launching pad to attack Hawaii • The Japanese will send 4 carriers with support ships to Midway unaware that the US still has carriers in region • The US will decipher Japanese transmissions and be prepared for the assault

  13. Battle Of Midway, June 4-7, 1942

  14. Battle Of Midway, June 4-7, 1942

  15. Battle Of Midway, June 4-7, 1942 • Midway is a decisive American victory • Japanese losses will be • 4 carriers sunk • 1 cruiser sunk • 2,500 experienced seaman KIA • 322 planes shot down • The US lost the carrier Yorktown and 147 planes • Japan will no longer be able to threaten the US fleet effectively

  16. Island Hopping Campaign